2009AJ....138.1874L


Query : 2009AJ....138.1874L

2009AJ....138.1874L - Astron. J., 138, 1874-1892 (2009/December-0)

MOJAVE: monitoring of jets in active galactic nuclei with VLBA experiments. VI. Kinematics analysis of a complete sample of blazar jets.

LISTER M.L., COHEN M.H., HOMAN D.C., KADLER M., KELLERMANN K.I., KOVALEV Y.Y., ROS E., SAVOLAINEN T. and ZENSUS J.A.

Abstract (from CDS):

We discuss the jet kinematics of a complete flux-density-limited sample of 135 radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs) resulting from a 13 year program to investigate the structure and evolution of parsec-scale jet phenomena. Our analysis is based on new 2 cm Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) images obtained between 2002 and 2007, but includes our previously published observations made at the same wavelength, and is supplemented by VLBA archive data. In all, we have used 2424 images spanning the years 1994-2007 to study and determine the motions of 526 separate jet features in 127 jets. The data quality and temporal coverage (a median of 15 epochs per source) of this complete AGN jet sample represent a significant advance over previous kinematics surveys. In all but five AGNs, the jets appear one-sided, most likely the result of differential Doppler boosting. In general, the observed motions are directed along the jet ridge line, outward from the optically thick core feature. We directly observe changes in speed and/or direction in one third of the well-sampled jet components in our survey. While there is some spread in the apparent speeds of separate features within an individual jet, the dispersion is about three times smaller than the overall dispersion of speeds among all jets. This supports the idea that there is a characteristic flow that describes each jet, which we have characterized by the fastest observed component speed. The observed maximum speed distribution is peaked at ∼10c, with a tail that extends out to ∼50c. This requires a distribution of intrinsic Lorentz factors in the parent population that range up to ∼50. We also note the presence of some rare low-pattern speeds or even stationary features in otherwise rapidly flowing jets that may be the result of standing re-collimation shocks, and/or a complex geometry and highly favorable Doppler factor.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): BL Lacertae objects: general - galaxies: active - galaxies: jets - radio continuum: galaxies - quasars: general - surveys

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/AJ/138/1874): agn.dat table1.dat table2.dat>

Errata: erratum vol. 151, art. 132 (2016)

Simbad objects: 136

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Number of rows : 136
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 QSO B0003-066 BLL 00 06 13.8928497048 -06 23 35.332689228   19.1   17.14   ~ 300 1
2 Mrk 1501 Sy1 00 10 31.0059809184 +10 58 29.506054872   15.96 15.40 12.22   ~ 676 0
3 QSO B0016+73 QSO 00 19 45.7863851568 +73 27 30.018073212     19.0 18.26   ~ 283 1
4 QSO B0048-09 BLL 00 50 41.3172421464 -09 29 05.210474100 16.74 16.39 16.22 16.14   ~ 434 2
5 7C 0059+5808 QSO 01 02 45.7622788272 +58 24 11.137682016   20.09 19.22 18.57 17.90 ~ 204 1
6 4C 01.02 QSO 01 08 38.7711625632 +01 35 00.318640596   18.54 18.39 19.05   ~ 496 1
7 QSO B0109+224 BLL 01 12 05.8247044608 +22 44 38.785880796   16.00 15.66 15.47   ~ 313 2
8 QSO B0119+115 QSO 01 21 41.5943568672 +11 49 50.417513652   19.5 19.0 18.61   ~ 172 1
9 QSO B0133+476 Bla 01 36 58.5947351640 +47 51 29.099491848     18.0 19.25 15.21 ~ 468 1
10 4C 15.05 Bla 02 04 50.41389571 +15 14 11.0436591   21.9 22.1 21.00   ~ 383 1
11 7C 020209.69+315812.00 QSO 02 05 04.9251427344 +32 12 30.093761736     18.00 17.40   ~ 208 1
12 6C 021252+733537 BLL 02 17 30.8129232696 +73 49 32.622815712     19.0 18.97   ~ 425 1
13 QSO J0217+0144 QSO 02 17 48.9544520496 +01 44 49.693296336   16.74 16.09 18.51 13.29 ~ 394 1
14 4C 67.05 QSO 02 28 50.0509728096 +67 21 03.034681488   19.5   18.1   ~ 240 1
15 4C 28.07 QSO 02 37 52.4057664048 +28 48 08.990026884     18.5 16.99   ~ 553 1
16 QSO B0235+1624 BLL 02 38 38.9300958576 +16 36 59.276150136   16.46 15.50 15.92   ~ 1452 2
17 NGC 1052 GiP 02 41 04.7997864552 -08 15 20.761481016 11.84 11.41 10.47 10.71   ~ 1231 2
18 4C 47.08 BLL 03 03 35.2422414360 +47 16 16.276532592   17.54 16.95 16.2   ~ 254 1
19 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1599902040 +41 30 42.108850836   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3778 3
20 4C 32.14 QSO 03 36 30.1074972672 +32 18 29.341371132     17.50 16.6   ~ 608 1
21 QSO B0336-0156 QSO 03 39 30.9376270008 -01 46 35.803797420   18.96 18.41 17.33   ~ 525 1
22 QSO B0403-132A BLL 04 05 34.0032757488 -13 08 13.690831596   17.37 17.09 16.6   ~ 326 1
23 3C 111 Sy1 04 18 21.2772425736 +38 01 35.801359968   19.75 18.05     ~ 898 1
24 QSO B0420-0127 QSO 04 23 15.8007747432 -01 20 33.063518580   17.50 17.00 16.28   ~ 1130 3
25 QSO B0422+004 BLL 04 24 46.8421990080 +00 36 06.329375028 16.15 15.94 16.98     ~ 338 1
26 Mrk 1506 Sy1 04 33 11.0956735296 +05 21 15.619461552   15.72 15.05 10.08   ~ 1924 2
27 QSO B0446+113 BLL 04 49 07.6702793952 +11 21 28.604840004     20 18.58   ~ 235 1
28 4C -02.19 QSO 05 01 12.8099394264 -01 59 14.258630148   19.1 18.4 19.04   ~ 545 1
29 QSO J0530+13 Bla 05 30 56.4168902136 +13 31 55.151893344     20.0 19.35   ~ 914 1
30 QSO B0529+075 QSO 05 32 38.9985483000 +07 32 43.344156480   19.0   17.50   ~ 192 1
31 6C 052928+482031 QSO 05 33 15.8662006608 +48 22 52.809925728     19.90     ~ 107 1
32 7C 055201.39+394824.00 QSO 05 55 30.8055972888 +39 48 49.166341920     18.0 17.5   ~ 487 2
33 QSO B0605-0834 BLL 06 07 59.6994046176 -08 34 49.980131256     18.5 17.70   ~ 422 1
34 QSO B0607-157 QSO 06 09 40.9493089944 -15 42 40.667570496   18.47 18.0 19.90   ~ 299 1
35 7C 064253.00+445430.00 QSO 06 46 32.0253442416 +44 51 16.588600488   19.57 18.49 18.64   ~ 334 1
36 QSO J0650-1637 QSO 06 50 24.6105052464 -16 37 40.029930768   22.09       ~ 101 1
37 8C 0716+714 BLL 07 21 53.4482942664 +71 20 36.363846516   15.5 14.17 14.27   ~ 1211 1
38 QSO J0730-116 QSO 07 30 19.1119137384 -11 41 12.596691444     20.30 20.3   ~ 279 1
39 ICRF J073352.5+502209 Sy1 07 33 52.5201455568 +50 22 09.061779540     19.30 18.37   ~ 92 1
40 QSO J0738+1742 BLL 07 38 07.3935719136 +17 42 18.998218764   16.76 16.22 15.78   ~ 941 1
41 QSO B0736+01 QSO 07 39 18.0339358560 +01 37 04.618841340   16.90 16.47 16.19   ~ 648 1
42 ICRF J074110.7+311200 Sy1 07 41 10.7033429280 +31 12 00.230596416   17.02 16.89 16.322   ~ 428 1
43 QSO B0742+103 QSO 07 45 33.05952141 +10 11 12.6923363       23.72   ~ 186 1
44 QSO B0748+126 QSO 07 50 52.0455280992 +12 31 04.828034820   17.67 17.28 17.16   ~ 302 1
45 QSO B0754+10 BLL 07 57 06.6427726320 +09 56 34.848603888   15.43 15.00 15.99   ~ 418 1
46 QSO B0805-077 QSO 08 08 15.5358771816 -07 51 09.885045384     19.5 16.71   ~ 232 1
47 7C 080458.39+495918.00 QSO 08 08 39.6660148632 +49 50 36.535256700   19.55 19.18 18.34   ~ 338 2
48 QSO B0808+019 BLL 08 11 26.7071025192 +01 46 52.220897436   17.58 17.2 17.96   ~ 216 1
49 7C 081451.89+423206.00 BLL 08 18 15.9997819800 +42 22 45.414412572   18.88 18.18 17.81   ~ 371 1
50 QSO B0823+033 BLL 08 25 50.3384535600 +03 09 24.523229736   17.81 17.23 16.91   ~ 306 1
51 7C 082754.29+242103.00 QSO 08 30 52.0861432224 +24 10 59.822369580   17.62 17.26 16.30   ~ 486 1
52 QSO B0829+047 BLL 08 31 48.8770033992 +04 29 39.086842884   17.10 16.4 14.55   ~ 439 2
53 ICRF J084047.5+131223 Sy1 08 40 47.5881972768 +13 12 23.557974480   18.58 18.15 17.622   ~ 403 1
54 4C 71.07 QSO 08 41 24.3652863600 +70 53 42.171665460     16.5 16.8   ~ 728 1
55 QSO J0854+2006 BLL 08 54 48.8749846272 +20 06 30.639583620   15.91 15.43 15.56   ~ 2169 1
56 4C 01.24B QSO 09 09 10.0916000808 +01 21 35.617899600   17.63 17.29 17.04   ~ 392 2
57 6C 091739+622838 QSO 09 21 36.2303190408 +62 15 52.181600580   19.76 19.26 18.96   ~ 332 1
58 ICRF J092703.0+390220 Sy1 09 27 03.0138528936 +39 02 20.850343332   17.17 17.00 16.486   ~ 959 1
59 4C 40.24 QSO 09 48 55.3382263320 +40 39 44.589392532   18.31 18.02 17.85   ~ 321 1
60 6C 095505+473957 QSO 09 58 19.6716244680 +47 25 07.843345896   18.78 18.62 18.39   ~ 215 1
61 QSO B1036+054 QSO 10 38 46.7806935744 +05 12 29.092057884   20.21 19.45 19.53   ~ 93 1
62 4C 06.41 BLL 10 41 17.1625746528 +06 10 16.926043944   16.86 16.70 16.14   ~ 290 1
63 ICRF J104806.6-190935 Sy1 10 48 06.6206359848 -19 09 35.731641132   18.59 18.5 17.10   ~ 163 1
64 4C 01.28 BLL 10 58 29.6054370384 +01 33 58.820502924   18.74 18.28 16.68   ~ 711 2
65 QSO B1124-186 QSO 11 27 04.3922636736 -18 57 17.439607512   19.17   19.23   ~ 203 1
66 QSO J1130-1449 QSO 11 30 07.0523452128 -14 49 27.388021944   17.17 16.90 16 16.97 ~ 662 1
67 8C 1150+812 QSO 11 53 12.4986308136 +80 58 29.152394328     18.5 18.54   ~ 227 1
68 Ton 599 QSO 11 59 31.8338889192 +29 14 43.826803116   14.80 14.41 17.652 13.39 ~ 851 1
69 QSO B1213-172 QSO 12 15 46.75176110 -17 31 45.4029502     21.4 17.50   ~ 132 1
70 4C 04.42 QSO 12 22 22.5499375968 +04 13 15.776624496   17.88 17.98 17.06   ~ 279 1
71 4C 21.35 QSO 12 24 54.4583146056 +21 22 46.385507388   17.56 17.50 18.2   ~ 621 2
72 3C 273 BLL 12 29 06.6998257176 +02 03 08.597629980   13.05 14.830 14.11   ~ 5571 1
73 NAME M87 Jet Rad 12 30 49.423 +12 23 28.04           ~ 218 1
74 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6672 3
75 3C 279 Bla 12 56 11.1663795384 -05 47 21.528432492   18.01 17.75 15.87   ~ 2870 2
76 7C 1308+3236 BLL 13 10 28.6639899312 +32 20 43.774028664   15.61 15.24 17.91   ~ 790 1
77 QSO B1324+224 QSO 13 27 00.8609838552 +22 10 50.163758976     18.90 18.80   ~ 143 1
78 QSO B1334-127 QSO 13 37 39.7829208840 -12 57 24.693846264   18.5 18.5 16.22   ~ 458 1
79 QSO B1413+135 BLL 14 15 58.81750938 +13 20 23.7129069   21.055 20.000 18.461   ~ 405 1
80 6C 141743+383524 QSO 14 19 46.6132202232 +38 21 48.484991196   19.88 19.66 19.25   ~ 153 1
81 ICRF J145907.5+714019 Sy1 14 59 07.5837714816 +71 40 19.865104068   17.24 16.78 17.2   ~ 470 1
82 QSO B1502+1041 Bla 15 04 24.9800240304 +10 29 39.197268420   18.97 18.56 18.94   ~ 510 1
83 QSO B1504-167 QSO 15 07 04.7863621776 -16 52 30.274176216   18.40 18.5 17.00   ~ 221 1
84 QSO J1512-0906 Bla 15 12 50.5330369584 -09 05 59.830296360   16.74 16.54     ~ 1227 1
85 4C 14.60 BLL 15 40 49.4896705848 +14 47 45.909368088   17.72 17.30 17.240   ~ 392 1
86 QSO B1546+0246 QSO 15 49 29.4369280464 +02 37 01.161302952   17.57 17.42 15.53   ~ 331 1
87 4C 05.64 QSO 15 50 35.2692689760 +05 27 10.455019380   19.10 18.73 19.02   ~ 303 1
88 4C 10.45 QSO 16 08 46.2032041032 +10 29 07.779419592   18.5 18.0 18.03   ~ 355 1
89 6C 161147+342017 QSO 16 13 41.0642858568 +34 12 47.910181572   17.98 17.46 17.07   ~ 600 1
90 4C 38.41 QSO 16 35 15.4928147784 +38 08 04.499799360   18.14 17.97 17.25   ~ 802 1
91 ICRF J163813.4+572023 Sy1 16 38 13.4562758136 +57 20 23.980140888     17.0 16.94   ~ 327 1
92 6C 163852+395305 QSO 16 40 29.6332404024 +39 46 46.030865700   18.4 16.5 18.75   ~ 289 2
93 3C 345 QSO 16 42 58.8102993888 +39 48 37.002763188   16.81 16.59 16.84   ~ 1624 2
94 QSO J1658+0741 QSO 16 58 09.0115232160 +07 41 27.544209360   19.993 19.5 19.598   ~ 161 1
95 7C 172601.30+453309.00 BLL 17 27 27.6508316304 +45 30 39.731315580   19.0 19.0 16.64   ~ 182 1
96 QSO B1730-130 QSO 17 33 02.7055087032 -13 04 49.545516612   18 18.5 18.78 17.39 ~ 1059 1
97 4C 51.37 Bla 17 40 36.9781162752 +52 11 43.408067208   18.16 18.5 16.73   ~ 380 1
98 QSO B1741-038 QSO 17 43 58.8561752304 -03 50 04.618401684     18.5 17.98   ~ 508 1
99 4C 09.57 BLL 17 51 32.8186120872 +09 39 00.728629416   17.46 16.78 15.57   ~ 880 1
100 QSO J1753+2848 QSO 17 53 42.4734601920 +28 48 04.935983076   19.6   20.28   ~ 98 1
101 7C 175844.60+384828.00 QSO 18 00 24.7653461736 +38 48 30.697069572   17.8 17.8 17.04   ~ 139 1
102 8C 1803+784 BLL 18 00 45.6838528560 +78 28 04.018028016   16.4 16.4 15.46   ~ 691 1
103 7C 180003.10+440418.00 QSO 18 01 32.3150148024 +44 04 21.895465224   16.8 16.8 15.29   ~ 184 1
104 3C 371 BLL 18 06 50.6802916920 +69 49 28.109609256   14.77 14.22 11.39   ~ 819 2
105 4C 56.27 BLL 18 24 07.0679485560 +56 51 01.479645612   18.9 18.4 16.48   ~ 453 1
106 ICRF J182931.7+484446 Sy1 18 29 31.7809732968 +48 44 46.160168892   17.05 16.81 16.860   ~ 658 1
107 ICRF J184916.0+670541 Sy1 18 49 16.0719656904 +67 05 41.681210424     20 17.45   ~ 235 1
108 4C 73.18 BLL 19 27 48.4947009120 +73 58 01.572558816     15.5 15.11   ~ 507 2
109 QSO B1936-155 QSO 19 39 26.6579565432 -15 25 43.057672680   19.44 19.4 18.80   ~ 151 1
110 NAME Cyg A Sy2 19 59 28.35645829 +40 44 02.0966496   16.22 15.10     ~ 2241 2
111 QSO B1958-179 QSO 20 00 57.0904184064 -17 48 57.674464236   18.02 17.46 15.33   ~ 237 1
112 QSO B2005+40 QSO 20 07 44.9449261536 +40 29 48.603352020   18.5 19 20.3   ~ 281 1
113 QSO B2008-159 QSO 20 11 15.7109686104 -15 46 40.254142440   17.27 17.2 16.35   ~ 163 1
114 ICRF J202206.6+613658 Sy2 20 22 06.6835988160 +61 36 58.816893852     19.5 17.58   ~ 310 1
115 4C 31.56 QSO 20 23 19.0172320680 +31 53 02.305685400           ~ 105 1
116 3C 418.0 QSO 20 38 37.0347144096 +51 19 12.660083976   21.30 20.00 18.9   ~ 286 0
117 QSO J2123+0535 QSO 21 23 44.5173734952 +05 35 22.093702692   18.3 17.5 19.86   ~ 271 1
118 QSO B2128-123 BLL 21 31 35.2617909696 -12 07 04.795364172   16.33 16.11 15.87   ~ 436 1
119 4C -02.81 BLL 21 34 10.3103777568 -01 53 17.234980584   18.6 19.0 18.87   ~ 346 1
120 QSO B2134+0028 QSO 21 36 38.5863558336 +00 41 54.211758468   17.30 17.08 17.02   ~ 544 2
121 QSO B2136+1410 QSO 21 39 01.3093296432 +14 23 35.988162648     18.5 18.22   ~ 239 1
122 4C 06.69 QSO 21 48 05.4586454304 +06 57 38.602799388   16.85 16.47 15.06   ~ 628 1
123 QSO B2155-152 QSO 21 58 06.2817399648 -15 01 09.329323800   18.63 17.5 17.79   ~ 302 1
124 NAME BL Lac BLL 22 02 43.2913536816 +42 16 39.979416792   15.66 14.72     ~ 2130 1
125 4C 31.63 BLL 22 03 14.9756830008 +31 45 38.269473228   15.85 15.58 14.33   ~ 474 1
126 QSO B2201+1711 BLL 22 03 26.8941039504 +17 25 48.250195716       14.76   ~ 181 1
127 BWE 2209+2340 QSO 22 12 05.9664991416 +23 55 40.543886604   19   19.69   ~ 203 1
128 4C -03.79 QSO 22 18 52.0376984088 -03 35 36.879875124   16.93 16.38 16.15   ~ 323 1
129 3C 446 BLL 22 25 47.2594205952 -04 57 01.390436856   18.83 18.39 16.3   ~ 789 1
130 AT20G J222940-083254 QSO 22 29 40.0843811352 -08 32 54.437624196   17.80 17.41 17.81   ~ 317 1
131 4C 11.69 QSO 22 32 36.4089639768 +11 43 50.904601176   17.75 17.33     ~ 1039 2
132 QSO J2246-1206 QSO 22 46 18.2322488304 -12 06 51.278055084   16.63 16.45 15.99   ~ 270 1
133 3C 454.3 Bla 22 53 57.7480438728 +16 08 53.561508864   16.57 16.10 15.22   ~ 2674 2
134 ICRF J233412.8+073627 QSO 23 34 12.8282052264 +07 36 27.551607552   16.0 15.5 16.45   ~ 105 1
135 QSO B2345-167 QSO 23 48 02.6085903648 -16 31 12.023178096   18.00 18.41 16.86   ~ 377 1
136 4C 45.51 QSO 23 54 21.6801097296 +45 53 04.219359180   20.6 20.6 19.1   ~ 208 1

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2022.07.03-19:41:25

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