SIMBAD references

2009A&A...507..261S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 507, 261-276 (2009/11-3)

Mid-IR observations of circumstellar disks. Part III. A mixed sample of PMS stars and Vega-type objects.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present new mid-infrared spectra of 15 targets (1 FU Orionis object, 4 Herbig Ae stars, 5 T Tauri stars, and 5 Vega-type stars), obtained with the TIMMI2 camera at La Silla Observatory (ESO). Three targets are members of the β Pic moving group (HD 155555, HD 181296, and HD 319139). PAH bands are observed towards the T Tauri star HD 34700 and the Herbig Ae star PDS 144 N. For HD 34700, the band profiles indicate processed PAHs. The spectrum of the Vega-type object η Corvi (HD 109085), for which a resolved disk at sub-mm wavelengths is known, appears stellar between 8-13µm, but a small excess emission was reported by Spitzer observations. Similarly, no indication of circumstellar matter at mid-infrared wavelengths is found towards the Vega-like stars HD 3003, HD 80951, HD 181296, and, surprisingly, the T Tauri system HD 155555. The silicate emission features of the remaining eight sources are modelled with a mixture of silicates of different grain sizes and composition. Unprocessed dust dominates FU Ori, HD 143006, and CD-43 344. Large amorphous grains are the main dust component around HD 190073, HD 319139, KK Oph, and PDS 144 S. Both small grains and crystalline dust is found for the Vega-type HD 123356, with a dominance of small amorphous grains. We show that the infrared emission of the binary HD 123356 is dominated by its late-type secondary, but optical spectroscopy is still required to confirm the age of the system and the spectral class of the companion. For most targets, this is their first mid-infrared spectroscopic observation. We investigate trends between stellar, disk, and silicate properties and confirm correlations identified in previous studies. Several objects present an exciting potential for follow-up high-resolution disk studies.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): methods: observational - techniques: spectroscopic - stars: circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - stars: planetary systems: protoplanetary disks - stars: pre-main sequence

Simbad objects: 46

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