2009A&A...506.1107G


Query : 2009A&A...506.1107G

2009A&A...506.1107G - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 506, 1107-1121 (2009/11-2)

An X-ray view of 82 LINERs with Chandra and XMM-Newton data.

GONZALEZ-MARTIN O., MASEGOSA J., MARQUEZ I., GUAINAZZI M. and JIMENEZ-BAILON E.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present the results of a homogeneous X-ray analysis for 82 nearby low-ionisation, narrow emission-line regions (LINERs) selected from the catalogue of Carrillo et al. (1999RMxAA..35..187C). All sources have available Chandra (68 sources) and/or XMM-Newton (55 sources) observations. This is the largest sample of LINERs with X-ray spectral data (60 out of the 82 objects), and it significantly improves our previous analysis based on Chandra data for 51 LINERs (Gonzalez-Martin et al. 2006A&A...460...45G). It both increases the sample size and adds XMM-Newton data. New models permit the inclusion of double absorbers in the spectral fits. Nuclear X-ray morphology is inferred from the compactness of detected nuclear sources in the hard band (4.5-8.0keV). Sixty per cent of the sample shows a compact nuclear source and are classified as active galactic nucleus (AGN) candidates. The spectral analysis indicates that best fits involve a composite model: 1) absorbed primary continuum and 2) soft spectrum below 2keV described by an absorbed scatterer and/or a thermal component. The resulting median spectral parameters and their standard deviations are <Γ≥2.11±0.52, <NH2)≥21.93±1.36. We complement our X-ray results with an analysis of HST optical images and literature data on emission lines, radio compactness, and stellar population. After adding all these multiwavelength data, we conclude that evidence supports the AGN nature of their nuclear engine for 80% of the sample (66 out of 82 objects).

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: active - galaxies: nuclei - galaxies: Seyfert - X-rays: galaxies - catalogs

CDS comments: Paragraph 5.1.7 IRAS 14348-0014 is a misprint for IRAS 14348-1447 or for IRAS 17208-0014.

Simbad objects: 166

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Number of rows : 166
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NGC 315 LIN 00 57 48.8590525608 +30 21 08.842041360 12.80 12.20 11.16 11.26   ~ 749 2
2 ZwCl 0107+3212 ClG 01 10.3 +32 28     12.14     ~ 22 0
3 NGC 410 GiG 01 10 58.9016492712 +33 09 07.053878052 13.08 12.52 11.48     ~ 144 2
4 1RXS J011216.3+330243 ClG 01 12 17.3 +33 02 18           ~ 7 0
5 NGC 470 GiP 01 19 44.8526263032 +03 24 36.027176544 12.63 12.53 11.78     ~ 266 1
6 NGC 474 GiP 01 20 06.6870520512 +03 24 55.861973100 12.75 12.37 11.51 11.42 10.56 ~ 338 1
7 NGC 524 GiP 01 24 47.7429545736 +09 32 20.089023900   11.5       ~ 443 1
8 ZW III 35 Sy2 01 44 30.516 +17 06 09.18   15.24 14.81     ~ 236 0
9 NGC 833 Sy2 02 09 20.8490871072 -10 07 59.003785884   14.02 13.00 12.75   ~ 171 0
10 NGC 835 Sy2 02 09 24.606 -10 08 09.31   13.29 12.45 12.24   ~ 187 0
11 NGC 1052 GiP 02 41 04.7997864552 -08 15 20.761481016 11.84 11.41 10.47 10.71   ~ 1232 2
12 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1599902040 +41 30 42.108850836   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3780 3
13 NGC 1808 Sy2 05 07 42.343 -37 30 46.98 11.05 10.80 9.94 9.36 10.2 ~ 686 3
14 NGC 2639 Sy2 08 43 38.0682469032 +50 12 19.942091604 12.90 12.56 11.65     ~ 403 2
15 MCG+09-15-039 G 08 52 53.489 +51 23 48.07   16       ~ 5 0
16 NGC 2681 LIN 08 53 32.7183058512 +51 18 49.159212120 11.40 11.09 10.29     ~ 311 1
17 NGC 2685 Sy2 08 55 34.7027817000 +58 44 03.876540108   13.68 12.70     ~ 418 1
18 NGC 2655 LIN 08 55 37.731 +78 13 23.10   12.03 11.08     ~ 274 1
19 UGC 4881 IG 09 15 55.5 +44 19 58   14.9       ~ 163 0
20 NAME Hya A LIN 09 18 05.6783347248 -12 05 43.634531472   14.38 14.8     ~ 960 1
21 ACO 780 ClG 09 18 30 -12 15.7           ~ 443 0
22 NGC 2787 LIN 09 19 18.6046606656 +69 12 11.630716128   12.92 11.79     ~ 334 0
23 NGC 2841 LIN 09 22 02.6778711696 +50 58 35.737082868 10.43 10.09 9.22     ~ 1029 1
24 UGC 5101 Sy1 09 35 51.6045544584 +61 21 11.589382368   15.20 15.50     ~ 538 4
25 ESO 434-40 Sy2 09 47 40.1332188528 -30 56 55.960779696   14.10 13.69 12.44   ~ 514 0
26 NGC 3185 GiP 10 17 38.5650471192 +21 41 17.573817228   12.99 12.17 12.37   ~ 272 1
27 NGC 3187 GiP 10 17 47.8703571264 +21 52 23.984065272 13.71 13.91 13.44 14.06   ~ 154 1
28 HCG 44 CGG 10 18 00 +21 48.7           ~ 80 0
29 NGC 3189 GiP 10 18 05.643 +21 49 54.98 12.60 12.12 11.15 11.14   ~ 377 2
30 NGC 3193 GiP 10 18 24.884 +21 53 38.32 12.29 11.83 10.88 12.19   ~ 279 1
31 NGC 3226 GiP 10 23 27.0064075320 +19 53 54.674937420   14.32 13.33     ~ 412 1
32 NGC 3227 GiP 10 23 30.5765149296 +19 51 54.282206700   12.61 11.79     ~ 1618 1
33 UGC 5662 LSB 10 27 01.146 +28 38 21.84   15.4       ~ 80 0
34 NGC 3245 GiP 10 27 18.3864983136 +28 30 26.621599932   11.6       ~ 331 0
35 M 105 LIN 10 47 49.600 +12 34 53.87   10.56 9.76 9.12 8.18 ~ 1422 0
36 NAME M96 Group GrG 10 48 +13.3           ~ 296 0
37 UGC 5958 GiP 10 51 15.802 +27 50 54.88   15.6       ~ 62 0
38 NGC 3414 GiP 10 51 16.2099174408 +27 58 30.297624852   12.1       ~ 312 0
39 NGC 3418 GiP 10 51 23.9568607224 +28 06 43.278645708   14.5       ~ 41 0
40 NGC 3501 GiP 11 02 47.307 +17 59 22.31   13.8       ~ 131 0
41 NGC 3507 GiP 11 03 25.3619733360 +18 08 07.607343732   11.4       ~ 170 0
42 NGC 3605 GiG 11 16 46.5896102400 +18 01 01.777666908   12.7       ~ 249 0
43 [VV2006] J111654.8+180304 QSO 11 16 54.657 +18 03 06.51   13.84 12.76     ~ 450 0
44 NGC 3608 LIN 11 16 58.967 +18 08 54.71   11.7       ~ 493 0
45 NAME NGC 3607 Group GrG 11 17 55.9 +18 07 35   9.9       ~ 54 0
46 M 65 GiP 11 18 55.9084654776 +13 05 32.300703672   9.6       ~ 428 1
47 NAME Leo Triplet IG 11 19 +13.2           ~ 111 1
48 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1269 4
49 NGC 3628 GiP 11 20 17.018 +13 35 22.16   10.42 9.48 9.22   ~ 787 3
50 IC 694 G 11 28 27.312 +58 34 42.29   18.2       ~ 245 2
51 NAME NGC 3690 West GiP 11 28 30.69 +58 33 33.4   11.8       ~ 622 4
52 NGC 3690 IG 11 28 31.326 +58 33 41.80   13.19 12.86     ~ 935 4
53 Mrk 171D AGN 11 28 33.389 +58 33 46.41   16.7       ~ 38 0
54 ACO 1377 ClG 11 47 15.66 +55 43 01.6           ~ 138 1
55 NGC 3898 LIN 11 49 15.370 +56 05 03.66   11.7       ~ 285 1
56 NGC 3945 GiG 11 53 13.6081388304 +60 40 32.125024704   11.6       ~ 231 0
57 NGC 3972 GiP 11 55 45.09048 +55 19 14.6460   13.14   11.94   ~ 194 1
58 NGC 3977 LIN 11 56 07.2090838272 +55 23 26.715842376   14.7       ~ 44 0
59 NGC 3982 Sy1 11 56 28.1445516072 +55 07 30.859586652   12.20 11.70 11.18   ~ 517 1
60 UGC 6919 G 11 56 37.49496 +55 37 59.5884   15.19   13.85   ~ 42 0
61 NGC 3990 GiP 11 57 35.5746104280 +55 27 31.486195296   13.57   12.10   ~ 108 0
62 NGC 3998 SyG 11 57 56.1334044408 +55 27 12.922443432   11.64 12.10 10.09   ~ 608 2
63 NGC 4013 GiG 11 58 31.417 +43 56 49.28   12.4       ~ 396 1
64 NGC 4036 LIN 12 01 26.7603659808 +61 53 44.625848784   12.18 11.20     ~ 248 0
65 NGC 4041 SyG 12 02 12.2376697152 +62 08 14.096124312   11.6       ~ 238 1
66 NGC 4111 GiP 12 07 03.1334091672 +43 03 56.345868252 12.07 11.63 10.74     ~ 323 1
67 NGC 4121 GiP 12 07 56.6352570912 +65 06 50.188745124   14.1       ~ 49 0
68 NGC 4125 GiP 12 08 06.017 +65 10 26.88 11.14 10.65 9.72     ~ 411 2
69 LEDA 39024 LIN 12 13 46.107 +02 48 41.50           ~ 331 1
70 M 98 LIN 12 13 48.2910686976 +14 54 01.953475200 11.25 10.95 10.14     ~ 462 1
71 NGC 4261 LIN 12 19 23.2160630 +05 49 29.700024   13.92 12.87     ~ 1171 0
72 NAME Virgo W GrG 12 20.0 +05 48   6.3       ~ 80 0
73 NGC 4278 LIN 12 20 06.8253868 +29 16 50.713486 11.54 11.09 10.16     ~ 917 2
74 NAME Coma I Group GrG 12 22 19.4 +29 53 47           ~ 103 0
75 NGC 4314 LIN 12 22 32.0223000912 +29 53 43.814812200 11.72 11.43 10.58     ~ 468 1
76 M 100 AGN 12 22 54.9299993592 +15 49 20.296257960 10.04 10.05 9.35     ~ 1743 2
77 M 84 Sy2 12 25 03.74333 +12 53 13.1393 12.67 12.09 10.49     ~ 1699 2
78 NGC 4395 Sy2 12 25 48.8633109888 +33 32 48.700168152 10.84 10.54 10.11 9.98   ~ 1075 1
79 NGC 4414 GiG 12 26 27.1276893168 +31 13 24.626206488 11.12 10.96 10.12     ~ 540 2
80 NGC 4410 LIN 12 26 28.2946646976 +09 01 11.500520016   13.6 13.20     ~ 109 1
81 NAME Virgo Cluster ClG 12 26 32.1 +12 43 24           ~ 6271 0
82 NGC 4435 GiG 12 27 40.503 +13 04 44.48 12.23 11.74 10.80     ~ 427 2
83 NGC 4438 LIN 12 27 45.6705493536 +13 00 31.708096380 11.37 11.02 10.17     ~ 612 2
84 NGC 4457 LIN 12 28 59.0252479200 +03 34 14.215556928   11.9       ~ 286 0
85 NGC 4459 H2G 12 29 00.0329905416 +13 58 42.826603332   11.6       ~ 515 0
86 NGC 4468 GiG 12 29 30.8923184328 +14 02 56.679822852   14.2       ~ 127 0
87 NGC 4474 GiG 12 29 53.5396737408 +14 04 06.881708604   12.6       ~ 255 0
88 NGC 4477 Sy2 12 30 02.1955766304 +13 38 11.543715888 11.98 11.38 10.42     ~ 383 2
89 NGC 4479 GiG 12 30 18.3716396496 +13 34 39.522722196 13.73 13.40 12.44     ~ 175 2
90 UGC 7644 G 12 30 20.6860561728 +03 44 24.861365412   15.1       ~ 50 0
91 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6674 3
92 NGC 4494 GiP 12 31 24.0391348536 +25 46 30.071664120   10.55 9.74     ~ 461 0
93 M 89 LIN 12 35 39.8073444 +12 33 22.830809 11.29 10.73 9.75     ~ 962 2
94 NGC 4572 GiG 12 35 45.384 +74 14 33.44   14.9       ~ 37 0
95 NGC 4564 GiG 12 36 26.9869512504 +11 26 21.204472848 12.51 12.05 11.12     ~ 578 1
96 NGC 4589 LIN 12 37 24.9947272584 +74 11 30.861224124   12.0       ~ 274 1
97 M 58 SyG 12 37 43.597 +11 49 05.12 10.80 10.48 9.66     ~ 1021 2
98 NGC 4596 GiP 12 39 55.9544722920 +10 10 34.185047628   12.4       ~ 350 0
99 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.4302501832 -11 37 22.988264808 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1333 3
100 NGC 4608 GiP 12 41 13.2848464320 +10 09 20.336341500   12.6       ~ 186 0
101 NGC 4648 GiG 12 41 44.3891511144 +74 25 15.700353240   12.6       ~ 109 0
102 NGC 4636 LIN 12 42 49.8333280080 +02 41 15.951929028   12.62 11.84     ~ 1077 1
103 IC 819 AGN 12 46 10.060 +30 43 54.64           ~ 264 1
104 NGC 4676 IG 12 46 10.18 +30 43 53.7   14.1       ~ 304 0
105 IC 820 AGN 12 46 11.2495347624 +30 43 21.856578924   14.1       ~ 113 1
106 NGC 4698 Sy2 12 48 22.9082830584 +08 29 14.667552276   13.24 12.27     ~ 462 0
107 NGC 4696 BiC 12 48 49.2724775784 -41 18 39.304053252   11.21   10.7   ~ 471 3
108 ACO 3526 ClG 12 48 51.8 -41 18 21           ~ 1018 2
109 [SST2011] J125052.72+410719.0 UX? 12 50 52.72 +41 07 19.0           ~ 9 0
110 M 94 SyG 12 50 53.0737971432 +41 07 12.900884628 9.15 8.96 8.24 7.78   ~ 1309 2
111 [BWC2008] C14 X 12 50 53.1 +41 07 13           ~ 8 0
112 NGC 5002 GiG 13 10 38.185 +36 38 03.19   14.7       ~ 52 0
113 NGC 5005 GiP 13 10 56.312 +37 03 32.19   14.67 13.67     ~ 520 2
114 NGC 5014 GiG 13 11 31.2417164616 +36 16 55.998720012   13.5       ~ 138 0
115 UGC 8313 LSB 13 13 53.848 +42 12 30.89   14.45   13.49   ~ 58 1
116 M 63 LIN 13 15 49.2741893928 +42 01 45.728076108   9.34 8.59 8.35   ~ 1136 2
117 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 4082 4
118 NGC 5256B LIN 13 38 17.3501417856 +48 16 31.909717416   14.19 13.42     ~ 76 0
119 NGC 5256 PaG 13 38 17.5 +48 16 37   14.1 13.42     ~ 417 1
120 NGC 5256A Sy2 13 38 17.7814755960 +48 16 41.113184700   15.0       ~ 44 0
121 Mrk 273 Sy2 13 44 42.1883001096 +55 53 13.596220932   15.68 14.91     ~ 864 3
122 MCG+05-33-005 LIN 13 48 52.4892734448 +26 35 34.353002688   14.0       ~ 225 2
123 ACO 1795 ClG 13 49 00.5 +26 35 07           ~ 1203 0
124 NGC 5350 GiP 13 53 21.6232753416 +40 21 50.186768184   12.4   10.99   ~ 220 1
125 NGC 5356 GiP 13 54 58.422 +05 20 00.98   14.1       ~ 95 0
126 NGC 5360 GiP 13 55 38.679 +04 59 05.09   14.9       ~ 57 0
127 NGC 5363 GiP 13 56 07.244 +05 15 16.92 12.59 12.12 10.51     ~ 217 0
128 NGC 5364 GiP 13 56 12.004 +05 00 52.06   13.2       ~ 244 0
129 IC 4395 Sy2 14 17 21.083 +26 51 26.46   15.1       ~ 95 0
130 LEDA 52270 Sy1 14 37 38.2867288488 -15 00 24.087592692   16.58 16.40     ~ 257 1
131 NGC 5740 GiP 14 44 24.4374499392 +01 40 47.224019676   12.5   12.5 12.0 ~ 155 0
132 NGC 5746 GiP 14 44 56.005 +01 57 17.06   12.3       ~ 341 0
133 NGC 5813 LIN 15 01 11.2302420864 +01 42 07.141569696 12.00 11.45 10.46 10.06   ~ 608 1
134 NGC 5814 rG 15 01 21.1443571152 +01 38 13.467710904   14.7       ~ 30 0
135 NGC 5838 GiP 15 05 26.2447857696 +02 05 57.349108392   12.1   10.26   ~ 230 0
136 NGC 5839 GiG 15 05 27.4892848248 +01 38 05.284771152   13.9 12.19 11.67 10.72 ~ 91 0
137 NAME NGC 5846 Group GrG 15 05 47.0 +01 34 25           ~ 140 0
138 NGC 5845 GiG 15 06 00.7823239488 +01 38 01.704838596   13.8 11.20 12.06 9.94 ~ 366 0
139 UGC 9705 EmG 15 06 09.3737139504 +25 46 57.827949780   15.0       ~ 37 0
140 NGC 5846 BiC 15 06 29.253 +01 36 20.29   11.9   9.74   ~ 815 1
141 M 102 SyG 15 06 29.561 +55 45 47.91 11.12 10.74 9.89     ~ 525 3
142 NGC 5870 G 15 06 33.827 +55 28 45.08   14.89       ~ 16 1
143 NGC 5850 LIN 15 07 07.6828131840 +01 32 39.513281352   11.5   10.79 11.1 ~ 301 1
144 NGC 5879 AGN 15 09 46.7271710112 +57 00 00.538947900   11.9       ~ 237 1
145 NGC 5906 GiG 15 15 53.687 +56 19 43.86   11.4       ~ 722 1
146 NAME IRAS F15163+4255 NW SyG 15 18 06.138 +42 44 45.03   15.0 15     ~ 200 1
147 NGC 6251 Sy2 16 32 31.9740654384 +82 32 16.403167068 15.24 14.66 12.89 7.62   ~ 695 0
148 NGC 6252 GiC 16 32 40.5257604072 +82 34 36.488889732   15.1       ~ 18 0
149 NGC 6240 Sy2 16 52 58.861 +02 24 03.55   14.31 13.37     ~ 1560 2
150 LEDA 60189 LIN 17 23 21.943 -00 17 00.96   15.1       ~ 396 0
151 NGC 6503 LIN 17 49 26.4207792072 +70 08 39.604132176 11.56 10.95 10.28 9.92   ~ 494 1
152 NGC 6482 GiG 17 51 48.8339247888 +23 04 18.889271112 12.71 12.35 11.45     ~ 199 1
153 NAME Cyg A Sy2 19 59 28.35645829 +40 44 02.0966496   16.22 15.10     ~ 2241 2
154 NGC 7130 AGN 21 48 19.5412287192 -34 57 04.492024884   12.86 13.87 11.57   ~ 417 0
155 NGC 7284 IG 22 28 35.9222830920 -24 50 39.077854512   12.96   11.59   ~ 43 0
156 NGC 7285 IG 22 28 37.03 -24 50 25.9   12.82   11.54   ~ 36 0
157 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.0506038088 +34 24 56.800076508 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1170 2
158 IC 5264 GiP 22 56 53.035 -36 33 14.91   13.46   12.02   ~ 69 1
159 IC 1459 GiP 22 57 10.6071797352 -36 27 43.992307260   10.96 11.85 9.34 10.3 ~ 602 2
160 NGC 7424 GiG 22 57 18.3924511080 -41 04 14.124670032   10.88 10.38 10.02 10.9 ~ 206 0
161 ACO 2567 ClG 23 16 17 -06 08.6           ~ 4 0
162 ACO 2597 ClG 23 25 19.70 -12 07 27.7           ~ 517 0
163 2E 4728 LIN 23 25 19.731 -12 07 27.51   15.45 15.46     ~ 172 2
164 NGC 7743 Sy2 23 44 21.1607807112 +09 56 02.970989664   14.19 13.28     ~ 305 0
165 NAME NGC 1069 Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 3 0
166 NAME NGC 4410 Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 8 1

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2022.07.05-09:01:57

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