Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 391, 369-382 (2008/November-3)
Use of neural networks for the identification of new z ≥ 3.6 QSOs from FIRST-SDSS DR5.
CARBALLO R., GONZALEZ-SERRANO J.I., BENN C.R. and JIMENEZ-LUJAN F.
Abstract (from CDS):
We aim to obtain a complete sample of redshift z ≥ 3.6 radio quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) from the Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty cm survey (FIRST) sources (S1.4GHz> 1mJy) having star-like counterparts in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 5 (DR5) photometric survey (rAB≤ 20.2). Our starting sample of 8665 FIRST-DR5 pairs includes 4250 objects with spectra in DR5, 52 of these being z ≥ 3.6 QSOs. We found that simple supervised neural networks, trained on the sources with DR5 spectra, and using optical photometry and radio data, are very effective for identifying high-z QSOs in a sample without spectra. For the sources with DR5 spectra the technique yields a completeness (fraction of actual high-z QSOs classified as such by the neural network) of 96 per cent, and an efficiency (fraction of objects selected by the neural network as high-z QSOs that actually are high-z QSOs) of 62 per cent. Applying the trained networks to the 4415 sources without DR5 spectra we found 58 z ≥ 3.6 QSO candidates. We obtained spectra of 27 of them, and 17 are confirmed as high-z QSOs. Spectra of 13 additional candidates from the literature and from SDSS Data Release 6 (DR6) revealed seven more z ≥ 3.6 QSOs, giving an overall efficiency of 60 per cent (24/40). None of the non-candidates with spectra from NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) or DR6 is a z ≥ 3.6 QSO, consistently with a high completeness. The initial sample of high-z QSOs is increased from 52 to 76 sources, i.e. by a factor of 1.46. From the new identifications and candidates we estimate an incompleteness of SDSS for the spectroscopic classification of FIRST 3.6 ≤ z ≤ 4.6 QSOs of 15 per cent for r ≤ 20.2.
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 RAS
methods: data analysis - surveys - galaxies: high-redshift - quasars: general - early Universe - radio continuum: galaxies
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<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/391/369): table2.dat table5.dat>
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