SIMBAD references

2008MNRAS.390.1691W - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 390, 1691-1709 (2008/November-2)

Relics of structure formation: extra-planar gas and high-velocity clouds around the Andromeda Galaxy.


Abstract (from CDS):

Using the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg, we mapped a large area around the Andromeda Galaxy in the 21cm line emission of neutral hydrogen to search for high-velocity clouds (HVCs) out to large projected distances in excess of 100kpc. Our 3σ Hi mass sensitivity for the warm neutral medium is 8x104M. We can confirm the existence of a population of HVCs near M31 with typical Hi masses of a few times 105M. However, we did not detect any HVCs beyond a projected distance of about 50kpc from M31, suggesting that HVCs are generally found in proximity of large spiral galaxies at typical distances of a few 10kpc.

Comparison with cold dark matter (CDM)-based models and simulations suggests that only a few of the detected HVCs could be associated with primordial dark matter satellites, whereas others are most likely the result of tidal stripping. The lack of clouds beyond a projected distance of 50kpc from M31 is also in conflict with the predictions of recent CDM structure formation simulations. A possible solution to this problem could be ionization of the HVCs as a result of decreasing pressure of the ambient coronal gas at larger distances from M31. A consequence of this scenario would be the presence of hundreds of mainly ionized or pure dark matter satellites around large spiral galaxies like the Milky Way and M31.

Abstract Copyright: © 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 RAS

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: evolution - galaxies: individual: M31 - intergalactic medium

Nomenclature: Table 2: [WBK2008] NN (Nos 1-17).

Simbad objects: 40

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