2008MNRAS.384.1638P


Query : 2008MNRAS.384.1638P

2008MNRAS.384.1638P - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 384, 1638-1648 (2008/March-2)

How rapidly do neutron stars spin at birth? Constraints from archival X-ray observations of extragalactic supernovae.

PERNA R., SORIA R., POOLEY D. and STELLA L.

Abstract (from CDS):

Traditionally, studies aimed at inferring the distribution of birth periods of neutron stars are based on radio surveys. Here we propose an independent method to constrain the pulsar spin periods at birth based on their X-ray luminosities. In particular, the observed luminosity distribution of supernovae (SNe) poses a constraint on the initial rotational energy of the embedded pulsars, via the correlation found for radio pulsars, and under the assumption that this relation continues to hold beyond the observed range. We have extracted X-ray luminosities (or limits) for a large sample of historical SNe observed with Chandra, XMM and Swift, which have been firmly classified as core-collapse SNe. We have then compared these observational limits with the results of Monte Carlo simulations of the pulsar X-ray luminosity distribution for a range of values of the birth parameters. We find that a pulsar population dominated by millisecond periods at birth is ruled out by the data.

Abstract Copyright: 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 RAS

Journal keyword(s): supernova remnants - pulsars: general - X-rays: stars

Simbad objects: 190

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Number of rows : 190
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 SN 2005db SN* 00 41 26.79 +25 29 51.6     17.3     SNIIn 28 1
2 NGC 214 AGN 00 41 28.0237030104 +25 29 57.833719800   13.0       ~ 158 0
3 NGC 266 LIN 00 49 47.8149787992 +32 16 39.786194928 12.98 12.54 11.63     ~ 179 2
4 SN 2005gl SN* 00 49 50.02 +32 16 56.8       17.0   SNIIn 133 2
5 ESO 411-34 EmG 00 57 46.9455374760 -27 30 06.078979368   13.49 9.69 12.38 13.1 ~ 51 0
6 SN 2002hf SN* 00 57 47.74 -27 30 21.5     16.5     SNIc 14 1
7 SN 2002ap SN* 01 36 23.85 +15 45 13.2   13.11 14.54     SNIc-BL 536 1
8 M 74 G 01 36 41.7451236624 +15 47 01.107512304 10.52 10.00 9.46 9.16   ~ 1571 1
9 SN 2006lt SN* 02 16 59.89 +30 41 57.4 20.1 20.5 19.5 19.1   SNIb 12 1
10 SN 1986J SN* 02 22 31.33 +42 19 56.4   18.4 18.4     SNII 313 1
11 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1595 2
12 NGC 1058 Sy2 02 43 30.0264850248 +37 20 28.782851784   12.29 11.75 10.85   ~ 451 0
13 SN 1961V SN* 02 43 36.42 +37 20 43.6   12.7 12.5     SNIIpec? 200 2
14 SN 1962L SN* 02 43 40 +01 23.9   13.94       SNIc 76 1
15 NGC 1073 EmG 02 43 40.598 +01 22 33.13   11.3   11.3 11.8 ~ 316 0
16 SN 1969L SN* 02 43 45 +37 18.7   13.2 13.2     SNIIP 117 1
17 UGC 2526 GiG 03 05 43.3485597816 +36 47 10.359553848   13.5       ~ 41 0
18 SN 2005ek SN* 03 05 48.96 +36 46 10.6     17.5     SNIc: 58 1
19 SN 2006gy SN* 03 17 27.06 +41 24 19.5       14.20   SNIIn 316 1
20 NGC 1260 GiG 03 17 27.2296053456 +41 24 18.481941324   14.2       ~ 90 1
21 SN 1962M SN* 03 18 12.26 -66 31 38.5   11.7 9.50     SNIIP 35 1
22 NGC 1313 G 03 18 16.046 -66 29 53.74   10.06 10.0 9.40 10.4 ~ 652 2
23 UGC 2653 G 03 18 38.2526758176 +37 36 28.779618816   16.5       ~ 30 0
24 SN 2007D SN* 03 18 38.71 +37 36 26.4     18.2     SNIc-BL 26 1
25 SN 2006aj SN* 03 21 39.670 +16 52 02.27 17.96 19.11 17.40     SNIc-BL 886 1
26 SN 2001du SN* 03 33 29.11 -36 08 32.5     14.0     SNIIP 48 1
27 SN 1983V SN* 03 33 31.63 -36 08 55.0   14.67       SNIc 95 1
28 NGC 1365 Sy1 03 33 36.458 -36 08 26.37 10.48 10.08 9.63 8.79 9.7 ~ 1648 2
29 SN 2005kd SN* 04 03 16.88 +71 43 18.9     17.0     SNIIn 38 1
30 SN 2003bg SN* 04 10 59.42 -31 24 50.3     15.0     SNIc 138 1
31 ESO 420-9 LSB 04 11 00.598 -31 24 28.15   13.75   12.79   ~ 61 0
32 SN 1986L SN* 04 17 29.4 -62 47 04     13.3     SNIIP 50 1
33 NGC 1559 GiG 04 17 35.7508602240 -62 47 01.251567384   11.19 10.45 10.11 10.4 ~ 255 1
34 SN 1999em SN* 04 41 27.04 -02 51 45.2   13.79 13.7     SNIIP 630 1
35 NGC 1637 AGN 04 41 28.1926876152 -02 51 28.667815488   11.4   11.0 11.3 ~ 395 0
36 M 1 SNR 05 34 32 +22 00.8           ~ 5938 1
37 SN 1987A SN* 05 35 28.020 -69 16 11.07           SNIIpec 4721 2
38 SN 1999ec SN* 06 16 16.16 -21 22 09.8     17.9     SNIac 26 1
39 NGC 2207 IG 06 16 22.0336889136 -21 22 21.759218400   11.48 10.65 10.21 11.9 ~ 277 3
40 UGC 3627 G 07 01 05.0534261760 +51 16 11.051587020   14.7       ~ 26 0
41 SN 2007bb SN* 07 01 07.46 +51 15 57.3     17.2     SNIIn 12 1
42 NGC 2403 AGN 07 36 51.3381434280 +65 36 09.650825640 9.31 8.84 8.38 8.19   ~ 1701 1
43 2MASS J07371703+6535579 HXB 07 37 17.0432126424 +65 35 57.826001220           SNIIP 253 1
44 SN 2003lw SN* 08 02 30.1 -39 51 03       20.23   SNIc: 521 0
45 NAME Pup A SNR 08 24 07 -42 59.8           ~ 562 1
46 NGC 2642 EmG 08 40 44.3751778920 -04 07 18.044937444   12.6   11.79 12.3 ~ 73 0
47 SN 2002fj SN* 08 40 45.10 -04 07 38.5     15.8     SNIIn 15 1
48 SN 1994ak SN* 09 14 01.47 +40 06 21.5     16.3     SNIIn 32 1
49 NGC 2782 Sy2 09 14 05.120 +40 06 49.68 12.29 12.30 11.63     ~ 447 3
50 SN 2006jc SN* 09 17 20.78 +41 54 32.7     13.8     SNIbn 306 1
51 UGC 4904 GiP 09 17 21.709 +41 54 38.92   15.0       ~ 66 0
52 SN 1972R SN* 09 21 56 +50 57.3   12.85       SNIb: 28 1
53 NGC 2841 LIN 09 22 02.6778711696 +50 58 35.737082868 10.43 10.09 9.22     ~ 1030 1
54 NGC 2993 EmG 09 45 48.325 -14 22 06.02 12.72 13.11 12.64 13.4 13.0 ~ 170 1
55 SN 2003ao SN* 09 45 48.46 -14 22 14.0     17.3     SNIIP 14 1
56 NGC 3044 G 09 53 40.884 +01 34 46.74   12.7   12.7 12.3 ~ 211 1
57 SN 1983E SN* 09 53 42 +01 34.6   14.9       SNIIL 21 1
58 NGC 3054 GiG 09 54 28.5871599144 -25 42 12.369525732   12.27   10.92 11.4 ~ 139 0
59 SN 2006T SN* 09 54 30.21 -25 42 29.3     17.2     SNIIb 51 1
60 SN 1993J SN* 09 55 24.77476 +69 01 13.7026   10.8 12.0     SNIIb 1338 1
61 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.1726556496 +69 03 55.062505368   7.89 6.94     ~ 4201 3
62 SN 2001ci SN* 10 01 57.33 +55 41 14.6     18.3     SNIc 25 1
63 NGC 3079 Sy2 10 01 57.8789863992 +55 40 47.449758324 11.57 11.54 10.86     ~ 1320 3
64 SN 1999gi SN* 10 18 16.66 +41 26 28.2   14.8       SNIIP 219 1
65 SN 1937F SN* 10 18 16.9 +41 25 27   13.7 13.9     SNIIP: 36 1
66 NGC 3180 GiG 10 18 16.985 +41 25 27.77   10.4       ~ 676 0
67 MCG+00-27-005 GiG 10 23 56.4965068704 -03 10 55.465094280   13.4       ~ 52 0
68 SN 2005bf SN* 10 23 56.99 -03 11 29.3     18.0     SNIb 183 1
69 NGC 3310 AGN 10 38 45.85707 +53 30 11.8940   12.45 12.15     ~ 757 1
70 SN 1991N SN* 10 38 46.38 +53 30 05.0   15.5 15.0     SNIc 51 1
71 SN 2003dh SN* 10 44 50.030 +21 31 18.15     16.2     SNIcpec 1167 1
72 Z 95-49 G 10 51 49.396 +16 00 01.50   15.6       ~ 40 0
73 SN 1988Z SN* 10 51 50.10 +16 00 00.5   16.8       SNIIn 356 1
74 SN 2003L SN* 11 03 12.33 +11 04 38.3     16.9     SNIc 67 1
75 NGC 3506 GiC 11 03 12.9579932256 +11 04 36.385553064   12.9       ~ 62 0
76 SN 1969B SN* 11 11 21 +55 40.2   14.3       SNIIP 31 1
77 M 108 SBG 11 11 30.967 +55 40 26.84   10.70       ~ 444 1
78 SN 1973R SN* 11 20 11.5 +12 59 55   15.3 11.8     SNIIP 76 1
79 SN 1997bs ev 11 20 14.25 +12 58 19.6     17.13     SNIIn? 117 1
80 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1272 4
81 SN 1965L SN* 11 20 58.2 +53 11 06   16.0       SNIIP 41 1
82 SN 1996bu SN* 11 20 59.18 +53 12 08.0     17.3     SNIIn 20 1
83 NGC 3631 IG 11 21 02.8871865144 +53 10 10.415331660   11.0       ~ 339 1
84 SN 2004C SN* 11 27 29.72 +56 52 48.2           SNIc 30 1
85 NGC 3683 H2G 11 27 31.890 +56 52 36.15   12.7       ~ 175 0
86 NAME NGC 3690 West GiP 11 28 30.69 +58 33 33.4   11.8       ~ 622 4
87 NGC 3690 IG 11 28 31.326 +58 33 41.80   13.19 12.86     ~ 938 4
88 NAME NGC 3690 East AGN 11 28 33.07 +58 33 54.2   11.8       ~ 625 4
89 SN 1998T SN* 11 28 33.14 +58 33 44.0     14.5     SNIb 44 1
90 SN 2005U SN* 11 28 33.22 +58 33 42.5           SNIIb 31 1
91 SN 1998S SN* 11 46 06.1 +47 28 55     12.2     SNIIn 426 1
92 NGC 3877 GiG 11 46 07.782 +47 29 40.20   11.8       ~ 299 0
93 NGC 3953 GiG 11 53 49.0086582552 +52 19 36.475395312   11.08   9.71   ~ 336 0
94 SN 2006bp SN* 11 53 55.74 +52 21 09.4 14.5 15.8 14.7     SNIIP 166 1
95 SN 2007I SN* 11 59 13.15 -01 36 18.9   19.2 17.9     SNIc-BL 36 1
96 SN 1983I SN* 12 03 09.6 +44 31 52   13.7       SNIc 73 1
97 NGC 4051 Sy1 12 03 09.6101337312 +44 31 52.682601288   11.08 12.92 9.94   ~ 2084 1
98 NGC 4157 GiP 12 11 04.365 +50 29 04.85 12.48 12.15 11.35     ~ 328 2
99 SN 1937A SN* 12 11 08 +50 29.7   15.5 16.2     SNIIP: 26 1
100 NGC 4228 SBG 12 15 39.174 +36 19 36.80 10.63 10.30 9.93 9.74   ~ 914 1
101 SN 1954A SN* 12 15 45 +36 16.2   9.3       SNIb 100 1
102 SN 1972Q SN* 12 18 49.6 +14 24 59   15.8       SNIIP 42 1
103 M 99 H2G 12 18 49.625 +14 24 59.36 10.45 10.44 9.87     ~ 846 2
104 SN 1986I SN* 12 18 52.03 +14 24 43.8   14.2 14.2     SNIIP 68 1
105 SN 1986E SN* 12 21 41.19 +14 37 54.8   14.2       SNIIL 64 1
106 NGC 4302 GiP 12 21 42.477 +14 35 51.94   13.4 11.61     ~ 306 0
107 SN 1926A SN* 12 21 54 +04 29.6   14.2 14.3     SNIIL 41 1
108 M 61 Sy2 12 21 54.9282582888 +04 28 25.597367184 10.07 10.18 9.65     ~ 940 2
109 M 100 AGN 12 22 54.9299993592 +15 49 20.296257960 10.04 10.05 9.35     ~ 1747 2
110 SN 1979C SN* 12 22 58.58 +15 47 52.7   11.6       SNIIL 562 1
111 NGC 4402 GiP 12 26 07.65312 +13 06 47.9376   12.55       ~ 381 2
112 SN 1976B SN* 12 26 12.2 +13 06 41   15.10       SNI 30 1
113 NGC 4490 GiP 12 30 36.368 +41 38 37.07 10.03 10.22 9.79     ~ 551 3
114 SN 1982F SN* 12 30 38 +41 38.0   16.2       SNIIP 39 1
115 SN 1941A SN* 12 35 55 +27 58.0   13.2 13.2     SNIIL 38 1
116 NGC 4559 H2G 12 35 57.6402869976 +27 57 35.859278160   10.46 10.01     ~ 579 1
117 SN 1988A SN* 12 37 43.52 +11 48 19.5     13.5     SNIIP 105 1
118 M 58 SyG 12 37 43.597 +11 49 05.12 10.80 10.48 9.66     ~ 1023 2
119 UGC 7848 G 12 40 57.433 +63 31 11.30   14.8       ~ 52 0
120 SN 2006bv SN* 12 41 01.55 +63 31 11.6     17.8     SNIIn? 25 2
121 SN 1965H SN* 12 45 07 -00 28.1   14.6       SNIIP 27 1
122 NGC 4666 GiP 12 45 08.676 -00 27 42.88   11.7   11.5 10.7 ~ 362 1
123 NGC 4691 AGN 12 48 13.60 -03 19 57.7 11.59 11.66 11.08 11.8 11.3 ~ 238 1
124 SN 1997X SN* 12 48 14.28 -03 19 58.5   14.75 13.5     SNIb 65 1
125 NGC 4725 Sy2 12 50 26.5716367992 +25 30 02.733090588   13.45 12.44     ~ 653 2
126 SN 1940B SN* 12 50 33 +25 32.2   13.1 12.8     SNIIP 38 1
127 NGC 4965 EmG 13 07 09.3504711408 -28 13 41.789696088   12.76   11.96 12.7 ~ 66 1
128 SN 2000P SN* 13 07 10.53 -28 14 02.5     14.1     SNIIn 20 1
129 NGC 4981 GiG 13 08 48.7426150512 -06 46 38.957361240   12.1   10.91 11.7 ~ 156 0
130 SN 2007C SN* 13 08 49.30 -06 47 01.0 18.1 17.1 15.9     SNIb 48 1
131 SN 1985L SN* 13 13 21.71 +36 36 32.3   13.0       SNIIL 64 1
132 SN 2001gd SN* 13 13 23.89 +36 38 17.7     16.5     SNIIb 57 1
133 NGC 5033 Sy1 13 13 27.535 +36 35 37.14   11.01 12.03 9.73   ~ 829 3
134 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 4098 4
135 SN 1994I SN* 13 29 54.072 +47 11 30.50     12.9     SNIc 604 1
136 SN 1983N SN* 13 36 51.23 -29 54 01.7   11.7       SNIb 270 1
137 SN 1968L SN* 13 37 00.42 -29 51 59.8   12.0 12.0     SNIIP 81 1
138 M 83 SBG 13 37 00.91920 -29 51 56.7400 8.85 8.11 7.52 7.21   ~ 2410 2
139 SN 1923A SN* 13 37 09.2 -29 51 04   12.4 14.0     SNIIP: 78 1
140 SN 2005bx SN* 13 50 24.95 +68 33 19.4     17.8     SNIIn 12 1
141 MCG+12-13-019 G 13 50 25.2607360128 +68 33 16.693444836   15.5       ~ 10 0
142 SN 1970G SN* 14 03 00.83 +54 14 32.8   11.8 11.50     SNIIL 208 1
143 M 101 GiP 14 03 12.583 +54 20 55.50   8.46 7.86 7.76   ~ 2727 2
144 NGC 5420 G 14 03 59.8865025504 -14 37 00.607122588   13   12.74   ~ 28 0
145 SN 2005N SN* 14 04 02.61 -14 37 48.8     18.8     SNIb/c 14 1
146 NAME Circinus Galaxy Sy2 14 13 09.906 -65 20 20.47   10.89 9.84 10.6 10.0 ~ 1098 2
147 SN 1996cr SN* 14 13 10.05 -65 20 44.8     19.5     SNIIn: 72 1
148 SN 1995N SN* 14 49 28.29 -10 10 14.0     17.5     SNIIn 145 1
149 MCG-02-38-017 GiP 14 49 32.7 -10 09 47   16.6   17.1   ~ 68 1
150 NGC 5775 GiP 14 53 57.653 +03 32 40.10   13.0 11.34     ~ 416 2
151 SN 1996ae SN* 14 53 59.81 +03 31 46.3     16.5     SNIIn 27 1
152 SN 1987B SN* 15 07 02.92 +01 30 12.4     14.5     SNIInL 49 1
153 NGC 5850 LIN 15 07 07.6828131840 +01 32 39.513281352   11.5   10.79 11.1 ~ 301 1
154 NGC 5906 GiG 15 15 53.687 +56 19 43.86   11.4       ~ 724 1
155 SN 1940A SN* 15 16 11 +56 14.3   14.3 14.4     SNIIL 27 1
156 NGC 6118 EmG 16 21 48.6065282088 -02 17 00.680742060   13.20   12.0 11.7 ~ 192 0
157 SN 2004dk SN* 16 21 48.93 -02 16 17.3   17.789 17.6     SNIb 74 1
158 SN 2000bg SN* 16 52 58.18 +02 23 51.5     17.4     SNIIn 17 1
159 NGC 6240 Sy2 16 52 58.861 +02 24 03.55   14.31 13.37     ~ 1564 2
160 SNR G011.2-01.1 SNR 18 14.0 -19 46           ~ 63 1
161 SN 2005da SN* 18 37 46.89 +17 32 35.3     16.9     SNIc-BL 14 1
162 UGC 11301 GiG 18 37 54.4712625984 +17 32 02.053418964   15.5       ~ 51 0
163 NGC 6744 GiG 19 09 46.1335950504 -63 51 26.897079024   9.28 8.25 8.08 9.6 ~ 253 0
164 SN 2005at SN* 19 09 53.57 -63 49 22.8     14.3     SNIc 30 1
165 SN 1998bw SN* 19 35 03.17 -52 50 46.1   14.09       SNIc 1737 2
166 ESO 184-82 G 19 35 04.416 -52 50 38.04   15.17   14.26   ~ 105 2
167 NGC 6946 H2G 20 34 52.332 +60 09 13.24   10.5       ~ 2384 2
168 SN 1948B SN* 20 35 21.5 +60 10 16   14.0 14.0     SNIIP 71 1
169 SN 2004et SN* 20 35 25.33 +60 07 17.7   12.88       SNIIP 450 1
170 SN 1980K SN* 20 35 30.07 +60 06 23.7   11.6       SNIIL 449 1
171 NGC 6951 Sy2 20 37 14.1228088488 +66 06 20.049916392   11.64 10.65     ~ 511 2
172 SN 1999el SN* 20 37 18.03 +66 06 11.9     14.9     SNIIn 66 1
173 NGC 7112 GiP 21 42 22.8445729008 +12 29 53.895361632   15.19       ~ 60 1
174 SN 2001em SN* 21 42 23.6093 +12 29 50.300     18.6     SNIc: 78 1
175 SN 1959D SN* 22 37 01.82 +34 25 08.5   13.8       SNIIL 61 1
176 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.0506038088 +34 24 56.800076508 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1174 2
177 NGC 7364 rG 22 44 24.3715638768 -00 09 43.659115272   13.8       ~ 89 0
178 SN 2006lc SN* 22 44 24.48 -00 09 53.5 18.3 18.3 17.2     SNIb 40 1
179 UGC 12188 PaG 22 47 37.4206992192 +39 52 44.767296804   14.4       ~ 20 0
180 SN 2006dn SN* 22 47 37.84 +39 52 46.8     17.8     SNIb 10 1
181 NGC 7424 GiG 22 57 18.3924511080 -41 04 14.124670032   10.88 10.38 10.02 10.9 ~ 206 0
182 SN 2001ig SN* 22 57 30.69 -41 02 25.9     14.5     SNIIb 158 1
183 SN 1990U SN* 23 04 54.96 +12 18 20.1   17.76       SNIb 59 1
184 NGC 7479 Sy2 23 04 56.6432243448 +12 19 22.357387020 11.74 11.60 10.85 10.47 9.66 ~ 708 2
185 MCG-01-59-021 G 23 21 02.922 -04 53 37.60   14.7   14.8 14.9 ~ 29 0
186 SN 2003jd SN* 23 21 03.38 -04 53 45.5   16.34       SNIc-BL 136 1
187 NAME Cas A SNR 23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00     14.30     ~ 2619 1
188 NGC 7714 GiP 23 36 14.1257730600 +02 09 18.197422668   14.91 14.36     ~ 750 1
189 SN 1999dn SN* 23 36 14.70 +02 09 08.8     16.0     SNIb 103 1
190 APG 284 PaG 23 36 19 +02 09.3   12.6       ~ 605 0

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2022.08.10-07:33:30

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