Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 384, 1249-1262 (2008/March-2)
A Spitzer survey of young stellar objects in the Rosette Molecular Cloud.
POULTON C.J., ROBITAILLE T.P., GREAVES J.S., BONNELL I.A., WILLIAMS J.P. and HEYER M.H.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present results from a survey of the Rosette Molecular Cloud (RMC) using both the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) and Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer (MIPS) onboard the Spitzer Space Telescope. We have mapped a region of active star formation covering an area approximately 1° by 1.5° including several previously known clusters. Spectral energy distributions (SEDs) fitted to our data combined with that from Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) are used to identify young stellar objects (YSOs) with infrared (IR) excesses. We find that roughly 50 per cent of the sources are forming in clustered environments and identify seven clusters of IR excess sources including four that were previously unknown. We investigate evidence for triggering of star formation due to the ionization front, identified in Brackett-α emission, associated with the young open cluster NGC2244. Although the position of several of the clusters of IR excess sources are coincident with the ionization front, the bulk of the youngest YSOs are located far from the ionization front, in clusters located along the mid-plane of the cloud. We conclude that although triggering from the HII nebula is a possible origin for some of the recent star formation, the majority of the active star formation is occurring in already dense regions of the cloud not compressed by the expansion of the Hii region.
2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 RAS
stars: formation - planetary systems: protoplanetary discs - stars: pre-main-sequence - ISM: clouds - HII regions - infrared: stars
Table 1: [PRG2008] A (Nos A-G).
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