Astron. J., 135, 2496-2525 (2008/June-0)
The evolution of the multiplicity of embedded protostars. I. Sample properties and binary detections.
CONNELLEY M.S., REIPURTH B. and TOKUNAGA A.T.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the observational results of a near-infrared survey of a large sample of Class I protostars designed to determine the Class I binary separation distribution from ∼100 AU to ∼5000 AU. We have selected targets from a new sample of 267 nearby candidate Class I objects. This sample is well understood, consists of mostly Class I young stellar objects (YSOs) within 1 kpc, has targets selected from the whole sky, and is not biased by previous studies of star formation. We have observed 189 Class I YSOs north of δ = -40° at the H, K, and L' bands, with a median angular resolution of 0".33 at L'. We determine our detection limit for close binary companions by observing artificial binaries. We choose a contrast limit and an outer detection limit to minimize contamination and to ensure that a candidate companion is gravitationally bound. Our survey uses observations at the L' rather than the K band for the detection of binary companions since there is less scattered light and better seeing at L'. This paper presents the positions of our targets, the near-IR photometry of sources detected in our fields at L', as well as the observed properties of the 89 detected companions (73 of which are newly discovered). Although we have chosen contrast and separation limits to minimize contamination, we expect that there are about six stars identified as binary companions that are due to contamination. Finder charts at L' for each field are shown to facilitate future studies of these objects.
binaries: general - infrared: stars - stars: formation - stars: statistics
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/135/2496): table1.dat table4.dat table5.dat table6.dat refs.dat>
Table 1: [CRT2008] IRAS HHMMm+DDMM W N=40. Fig. 6: [CRT2008] IRAS HHMMm+DDMM W NNa N=258.
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