A submillimeter view of circumstellar dust disks in ρ Ophiuchi.
ANDREWS S.M. and WILLIAMS J.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present new multiwavelength submillimeter continuum measurements of the circumstellar dust around 48 young stars in the ρ Ophiuchi dark clouds. Supplemented with previous 1.3 mm observations of an additional 99 objects from the literature, the statistical distributions of disk masses and submillimeter colors are calculated and compared to those in the Taurus-Auriga region. These basic submillimeter properties of young stellar objects in both environments are shown to be essentially identical. As with their Taurus counterparts, the ρ Oph circumstellar dust properties are shown to evolve along an empirical evolution sequence based on the infrared spectral energy distribution. The combined ρ Oph and Taurus Class II samples (173 sources) are used to set benchmark values for basic outer disk characteristics: Md∼0.005 M☉, Md/M*∼1%, and α∼2 (where Fν∝να between 350 µm and 1.3 mm). The precision of these numbers is addressed in the context of substantial solid particle growth in the earliest stages of the planet formation process. There is some circumstantial evidence that disk masses inferred from submillimeter emission may be underestimated by up to an order of magnitude.