Astrophys. J., 668, 62-73 (2007/October-2)
New constraints on the Lyman continuum escape fraction at z∼1.3.
SIANA B., TEPLITZ H.I., COLBERT J., FERGUSON H.C., DICKINSON M., BROWN T.M., CONSELICE C.J., DE MELLO D.F., GARDNER J.P., GIAVALISCO M. and MENANTEAU F.
Abstract (from CDS):
We examine deep far-UV (1600 Å) imaging of the HDF-N and the HUDF to search for leaking Lyman continuum radiation from starburst galaxies at z∼1.3. There are 21 (primarily sub-L*) galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts between 1.1<z<1.5, and none are detected in the far-UV. We fit stellar population templates to the galaxies' optical/near-infrared SEDs to determine the starburst age and level of dust attenuation for each individual galaxy, giving a more accurate estimate of the intrinsic Lyman continuum ratio, f1500/f700, and allowing a conversion from f700 to relative escape fraction (fesc,rel). We show that previous high-redshift studies may have underestimated the amplitude of the Lyman break, and thus the relative escape fraction, by a factor ∼2. Once the starburst age and intergalactic H I absorption are accounted for, 18 galaxies in our sample have limits to the relative escape fraction, fesc,rel<1.0 with some limits as low as fesc,rel<0.10 and a stacked limit of fesc,rel<0.08. This demonstrates, for the first time, that most sub-L* galaxies at this redshift do not have large escape fractions. When combined with a similar study of more luminous galaxies at the same redshift, we show that, if all star-forming galaxies at z∼1 have similar relative escape fractions, the value must be less than 0.14 (3 σ). We also show that less than 20% (3 σ) of star-forming galaxies at z∼1 have relative escape fractions near unity. These limits contrast with the large escape fractions found at z∼3 and suggest that the average escape fraction has decreased between z∼3 and z∼1.
Cosmology: Observations - Galaxies: Evolution - Ultraviolet: Galaxies
Table 1: [STC2007] JHHMMSS.ss+DDMMSS.s N=13+8.
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