2007ApJ...659.1176M


Query : 2007ApJ...659.1176M

2007ApJ...659.1176M - Astrophys. J., 659, 1176-1197 (2007/April-3)

Characterizing bars at z ∼ 0 in the optical and NIR: implications for the evolution of barred disks with redshift.

MARINOVA I. and JOGEE S.

Abstract (from CDS):

Critical insights on galaxy evolution stem from the study of bars. With the advent of HST surveys that trace bars in the rest-frame optical out to z∼1, it is critical to provide a reference baseline for bars at z∼0 in the optical band. We present results on bars at z∼0 in the optical and NIR based on 180 spirals from OSUBSGS. (1) The deprojected bar fraction at z∼0 is ∼60%±7% in the NIR and ∼44%±7% in the optical. (2) The results before and after deprojection are similar, which is encouraging for high-redshift studies that forego deprojection. (3) Studies of bars at z∼0.2-1.0 (look-back time 3-8 Gyr) report an optical bar fraction of 30%±6%, after applying cutoffs in absolute magnitude (MV←19.3), bar size (abar≥1.5 kpc), and bar ellipticity (ebar≥0.4). Applying these exact cutoffs to the OSUBSGS data yields a comparable optical bar fraction at z∼0 of ∼34%±7%. This rules out scenarios in which the optical bar fraction in bright disks declines strongly with redshift. (4) Most (∼70%) bars have moderate to high ellipticity. There is no bimodality in the distribution of ebar. The H-band bar fraction and ebar show no substantial variation across RC3 Hubble types Sa to Scd. (5) RC3 bar types should be used with caution. Many galaxies with RC3 types AB are unbarred, and RC3 bar classes B and AB have a significant overlap in ebar. (6) Most bars have sizes below 5 kpc. Bar and disk sizes correlate, and most bars have abar/R25 in the range ∼0.1-0.5. This suggests that the growths of bars and disks are intimately tied.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Fundamental Parameters - Galaxies: Kinematics and Dynamics - Galaxies: Structure

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/659/1176): table1.dat table3.dat>

Simbad objects: 173

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Number of rows : 173
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NGC 7814 GiG 00 03 14.947 +16 08 42.82   12.0       ~ 274 0
2 NGC 157 EmG 00 34 46.7879913696 -08 23 47.273597952   11.0 19.00 10.03 10.7 ~ 339 0
3 NGC 210 GiP 00 40 34.9927609368 -13 52 21.999585108   11.8   11.00 11.4 ~ 167 0
4 NGC 278 H2G 00 52 04.3452013728 +47 33 01.675026036   10.5       ~ 227 1
5 NGC 289 AGN 00 52 42.365 -31 12 20.99   11.36 13.44 10.38 11.4 ~ 219 0
6 NGC 428 AGN 01 12 55.709 +00 58 53.69   12.1   12.0 12.1 ~ 222 0
7 NGC 488 GiG 01 21 46.7967133224 +05 15 24.623017524   15.0       ~ 284 0
8 NGC 613 AGN 01 34 18.235 -29 25 06.56   10.77 12.71 9.50 10.6 ~ 380 3
9 NGC 625 AGN 01 35 04.632 -41 26 10.32 12.37 11.78 11.25 11.03 11.5 ~ 266 2
10 NGC 685 G 01 47 42.8337567552 -52 45 42.808467960   12.02   11.08 11.9 ~ 100 0
11 NGC 779 EmG 01 59 42.6583466448 -05 57 51.372885780   12.1   10.91 11.7 ~ 121 0
12 NGC 864 H2G 02 15 27.641 +06 00 09.43   12.00       ~ 213 1
13 NGC 908 GiP 02 23 04.569 -21 14 01.86   11.03 10.18 9.84 10.6 ~ 184 1
14 IC 239 GiG 02 36 27.8262034392 +38 58 09.083372052   12.1   12.75   ~ 101 0
15 NGC 1003 GiG 02 39 16.893 +40 52 20.25   12.1   10.83   ~ 173 0
16 NGC 1042 GiP 02 40 23.9724818544 -08 26 00.736256616 11.47 11.56 11.02 11.7 11.4 ~ 242 1
17 NGC 1058 Sy2 02 43 30.0264850248 +37 20 28.782851784   12.29 11.75 10.85   ~ 450 0
18 NGC 1073 EmG 02 43 40.598 +01 22 33.13   11.3   11.3 11.8 ~ 316 0
19 NGC 1084 GiG 02 45 59.926 -07 34 43.10 11.22 11.59 10.73 10.55 11.1 ~ 346 2
20 NGC 1087 H2G 02 46 25.1550134904 -00 29 55.457857644   11.5   11.4 11.5 ~ 301 0
21 NGC 1187 EmG 03 02 37.5895048560 -22 52 02.479512648   11.41   10.43 11.2 ~ 207 1
22 NGC 1241 Sy2 03 11 14.6195456232 -08 55 18.775959888 12.07 12.84 11.99 12.7 12.5 ~ 199 2
23 NGC 1300 GiP 03 19 41.0462219928 -19 24 40.187565432   11.16 10.42 9.90 10.7 ~ 485 0
24 NGC 1302 GiG 03 19 51.2026512864 -26 03 37.946814660   11.43   9.99 10.8 ~ 139 0
25 NGC 1309 GiG 03 22 06.5548977432 -15 23 59.791692912   12.08   12.5 11.7 ~ 203 0
26 NGC 1317 GiP 03 22 44.2823209512 -37 06 13.180903956 12.20 11.78 11.02 10.22   ~ 197 1
27 NGC 1350 GiG 03 31 08.119 -33 37 43.10   11.20 10.52 9.77 10.6 ~ 171 0
28 NGC 1358 Sy2 03 33 39.6807616872 -05 05 22.213915692   14.10 13.05 11.76   ~ 191 1
29 NGC 1367 GiG 03 35 01.3451198496 -24 55 59.504904516   11.48   9.98 11.1 ~ 184 0
30 NGC 1385 EmG 03 37 28.323 -24 30 04.60 11.28 11.50 10.94 10.45 11.7 ~ 240 2
31 NGC 1421 GiG 03 42 29.2806642840 -13 29 16.951034724   12.38       ~ 187 0
32 NGC 1493 GiP 03 57 27.4270810416 -46 12 38.513195316   11.88   11.01 11.6 ~ 123 0
33 NGC 1559 GiG 04 17 35.7508602240 -62 47 01.251567384   11.19 10.45 10.11 10.4 ~ 254 1
34 NGC 1617 GiP 04 31 39.534 -54 36 08.16   11.35 10.26 9.80   ~ 94 0
35 NGC 1637 AGN 04 41 28.1926876152 -02 51 28.667815488   11.4   11.0 11.3 ~ 394 0
36 NGC 1703 GiG 04 52 52.145 -59 44 31.98   12.31   11.43 11.6 ~ 82 0
37 NGC 1792 EmG 05 05 14.4036930408 -37 58 50.064531168   10.68 10.18 9.53 10.4 ~ 215 1
38 NGC 1808 Sy2 05 07 42.343 -37 30 46.98 11.05 10.80 9.94 9.36 10.2 ~ 686 3
39 NGC 1832 G 05 12 03.3433348776 -15 41 16.021694220   12.2   11.07 11.8 ~ 231 1
40 NGC 1964 GiG 05 33 21.7878852096 -21 56 44.103200388 11.79 11.45 10.81 10.42 11.2 ~ 129 1
41 NGC 2090 GiG 05 47 01.8557074752 -34 15 01.679264784 12.17 11.70 11.20 10.43 11.0 ~ 174 1
42 NGC 2139 EmG 06 01 07.963 -23 40 20.35   12.10 11.71 11.28 12.1 ~ 140 0
43 NGC 2196 EmG 06 12 09.6565312104 -21 48 21.667049928   11.98   10.69 11.4 ~ 104 0
44 NGC 2280 EmG 06 44 49.0852522224 -27 38 18.562480188   11.13   9.77 11.3 ~ 127 0
45 NGC 2566 GiG 08 18 45.608 -25 29 58.27   11.81   10.50 11.2 ~ 72 0
46 NGC 2775 G 09 10 20.1334093488 +07 02 16.874157048   11.417 10.481 9.920 8.994 ~ 340 0
47 NGC 2964 GiP 09 42 54.251 +31 50 49.97   12.0       ~ 265 1
48 NGC 3166 GiP 10 13 45.7270131936 +03 25 29.310401424   11.2       ~ 223 0
49 NGC 3169 GiP 10 14 15.0379414272 +03 27 57.941639856   13.46 12.41     ~ 347 1
50 NGC 3223 EmG 10 21 35.0831008008 -34 16 00.504571368   11.82 10.82 10.35 11.2 ~ 165 0
51 NGC 3227 GiP 10 23 30.5765149296 +19 51 54.282206700   12.61 11.79     ~ 1618 1
52 NGC 3261 GiG 10 29 01.4469882912 -44 39 24.795687996   11.91 11.02 11.8 11.5 ~ 76 0
53 NGC 3275 EmG 10 30 51.7808470128 -36 44 13.204971312   12.54   11.12   ~ 56 0
54 NGC 3423 AGN 10 51 14.3245691976 +05 50 24.158965920   12.1       ~ 163 0
55 NGC 3504 LIN 11 03 11.191 +27 58 20.77   13.48 12.93     ~ 504 2
56 NGC 3511 GiP 11 03 23.8201544712 -23 05 12.133861188   11.66   10.53 11.1 ~ 146 0
57 NGC 3507 GiP 11 03 25.3619733360 +18 08 07.607343732   11.4       ~ 170 0
58 NGC 3513 GiP 11 03 46.080 -23 14 43.73   12.16   11.11   ~ 117 0
59 NGC 3583 GiP 11 14 10.979 +48 19 06.16   11.6       ~ 185 1
60 NGC 3593 GiG 11 14 36.9731893800 +12 49 05.497790664   11.8       ~ 340 2
61 NGC 3596 H2G 11 15 06.2081129496 +14 47 13.284196332   12.01 11.49 10.99 10.45 ~ 186 0
62 NGC 3646 GiP 11 21 43.0679287224 +20 10 10.447783896 11.76 11.78 11.13     ~ 139 1
63 NGC 3675 GiG 11 26 08.5641089832 +43 35 09.587062464   11.04   9.57   ~ 275 1
64 NGC 3681 GiG 11 26 29.7818937144 +16 51 48.245516928   12.2       ~ 139 0
65 NGC 3684 GiP 11 27 11.2076836512 +17 01 48.596515284   12.1       ~ 164 0
66 NGC 3686 GiP 11 27 43.9717389912 +17 13 27.014601036   11.6       ~ 186 0
67 NGC 3705 GiG 11 30 07.456 +09 16 35.87 12.00 11.86 11.07     ~ 166 1
68 NGC 3726 GiG 11 33 21.1367545656 +47 01 45.280222428   11.11   10.02   ~ 338 0
69 NGC 3810 GiG 11 40 58.7615811624 +11 28 15.808680696   11.4       ~ 323 2
70 NGC 3877 GiG 11 46 07.782 +47 29 40.20   11.8       ~ 299 0
71 NGC 3885 EmG 11 46 46.4536031880 -27 55 20.056518516 12.19 12.68 11.89 11.46   ~ 124 1
72 NGC 3887 G 11 47 04.563 -16 51 16.71   11.4   10.37 10.9 ~ 141 0
73 NGC 3893 GiP 11 48 38.207 +48 42 38.84   11.23 10.67     ~ 352 1
74 NGC 3938 GiG 11 52 49.4335936248 +44 07 14.697085116 10.80 10.90 10.38     ~ 495 1
75 NGC 3949 GiG 11 53 41.7311041896 +47 51 31.401451476   10.9       ~ 318 1
76 NGC 4027 IG 11 59 30.168 -19 15 54.62   11.71 11.10 10.60 11.5 ~ 237 1
77 NGC 4030 GiP 12 00 23.6102390784 -01 06 00.197099136   11.42   10.3 10.4 ~ 312 1
78 NGC 4051 Sy1 12 03 09.6101337312 +44 31 52.682601288   11.08 12.92 9.94   ~ 2082 1
79 NGC 4062 EmG 12 04 03.8090248584 +31 53 44.489664636   11.90 11.21 10.62 10.03 ~ 252 0
80 NGC 4100 GiG 12 06 08.602 +49 34 56.32   11.7       ~ 230 0
81 NGC 4123 AGN 12 08 11.1187718376 +02 52 41.781736956   13.1       ~ 325 2
82 NGC 4136 GiG 12 09 17.7035859024 +29 55 39.419783832   11.69       ~ 217 1
83 NGC 4145 GiP 12 10 01.4853493200 +39 53 02.280703020   12.2       ~ 152 0
84 NGC 4151 Sy1 12 10 32.5759813872 +39 24 21.063527532   12.18 11.48     ~ 3527 2
85 NGC 4212 H2G 12 15 39.3368219184 +13 54 05.388525900   11.9       ~ 301 0
86 NGC 4242 GiG 12 17 30.1835103480 +45 37 09.508940220   11.37 10.83     ~ 246 1
87 M 99 H2G 12 18 49.625 +14 24 59.36 10.45 10.44 9.87     ~ 843 2
88 NGC 4293 LIN 12 21 12.891 +18 22 56.64   11.6       ~ 270 2
89 M 61 Sy2 12 21 54.9282582888 +04 28 25.597367184 10.07 10.18 9.65     ~ 939 2
90 NGC 4314 LIN 12 22 32.0223000912 +29 53 43.814812200 11.72 11.43 10.58     ~ 468 1
91 NGC 4388 Sy2 12 25 46.820 +12 39 43.45 11.91 11.76 11.02     ~ 1264 2
92 NGC 4394 GiP 12 25 55.6366312872 +18 12 50.110707636   11.9       ~ 348 0
93 NGC 4414 GiG 12 26 27.1276893168 +31 13 24.626206488 11.12 10.96 10.12     ~ 540 2
94 NGC 4448 H2G 12 28 15.428 +28 37 13.08   11.9       ~ 184 0
95 NGC 4450 LIN 12 28 29.5910654016 +17 05 05.976112020   10.90 10.08     ~ 533 2
96 NGC 4457 LIN 12 28 59.0252479200 +03 34 14.215556928   11.9       ~ 286 0
97 NGC 4487 GiG 12 31 04.4731449720 -08 03 14.548820040   11.7   11.9 11.6 ~ 166 0
98 NGC 4505 GiP 12 31 39.2222392512 +03 56 21.641352828   11.71       ~ 331 0
99 NGC 4504 GiG 12 32 17.4213303288 -07 33 48.904197084   12.1   11.31 12.3 ~ 120 0
100 NGC 4527 GiP 12 34 08.496 +02 39 13.72   12.4       ~ 514 2
101 M 91 LIN 12 35 26.4446761320 +14 29 46.760333748   14.63 13.57     ~ 559 0
102 NGC 4571 GiP 12 36 56.3722998960 +14 13 02.296534836   13.6       ~ 322 1
103 M 58 SyG 12 37 43.597 +11 49 05.12 10.80 10.48 9.66     ~ 1021 2
104 NGC 4580 LIN 12 37 48.3754581432 +05 22 06.630315636   13.1       ~ 203 0
105 NGC 4593 Sy1 12 39 39.4435107024 -05 20 39.034988448   13.95 13.15     ~ 1016 0
106 NGC 4618 GiP 12 41 32.8976471760 +41 09 03.185175528 11.03 11.22 10.78     ~ 311 2
107 NGC 4643 LIN 12 43 20.1435647088 +01 58 41.716062264   11.9       ~ 256 0
108 NGC 4647 H2G 12 43 32.542 +11 34 56.89   12.5 12.5     ~ 393 0
109 NGC 4651 LIN 12 43 42.6376070448 +16 23 36.002649300   11.30 10.92 10.42 9.84 ~ 487 0
110 NGC 4654 GiP 12 43 56.638 +13 07 34.86   11.8       ~ 535 1
111 NGC 4664 GiG 12 45 06.0013449504 +03 03 20.738321784   11.50 10.50     ~ 164 1
112 NGC 4666 GiP 12 45 08.676 -00 27 42.88   11.7   11.5 10.7 ~ 360 1
113 NGC 4689 H2G 12 47 45.5568088416 +13 45 46.135889100   12.8       ~ 361 0
114 NGC 4691 AGN 12 48 13.60 -03 19 57.7 11.59 11.66 11.08 11.8 11.3 ~ 238 1
115 NGC 4698 Sy2 12 48 22.9082830584 +08 29 14.667552276   13.24 12.27     ~ 462 0
116 NGC 4699 GiG 12 49 02.186 -08 39 51.49   10.8   10.01 10.3 ~ 199 0
117 NGC 4772 LIN 12 53 29.1636448512 +02 10 06.146331708 12.29 11.96 11.04     ~ 235 1
118 NGC 4775 GiG 12 53 45.707 -06 37 19.73   12.3   11.19 12.0 ~ 150 0
119 NGC 4818 SBG 12 56 48.907 -08 31 31.08   11   10.88   ~ 143 0
120 NGC 4856 GiG 12 59 21.2433153888 -15 02 31.292291292   11   10.72   ~ 79 0
121 NGC 4900 EmG 13 00 39.1193785512 +02 30 05.154593868   12.8       ~ 241 0
122 NGC 4902 GiP 13 00 59.7429437400 -14 30 48.759182748   12.0   10.86 11.4 ~ 143 0
123 NGC 4930 GiG 13 04 05.1962069592 -41 24 41.246852076           ~ 60 0
124 NGC 4941 Sy2 13 04 13.1036380320 -05 33 05.752803672   13.18 12.23 10.74   ~ 334 0
125 NGC 4939 Sy2 13 04 14.3280524928 -10 20 22.300454724   14.81 13.80 10.92   ~ 286 1
126 NGC 4995 GiG 13 09 40.6390105944 -07 50 00.223871892   12   10.94   ~ 121 0
127 NGC 5005 GiP 13 10 56.312 +37 03 32.19   14.67 13.67     ~ 520 2
128 NGC 5054 GiP 13 16 58.488 -16 38 05.46   11.3   10.36 10.7 ~ 184 1
129 NGC 5078 LIN 13 19 50.0113763 -27 24 37.014225   11.51   10.14 11.1 ~ 106 1
130 NGC 5085 GiG 13 20 17.9 -24 26 25   11.99 11.12 10.62 11.0 ~ 91 0
131 NGC 5101 G 13 21 46.242 -27 25 49.87   11.26 10.47 9.87 10.5 ~ 175 0
132 NGC 5121 G 13 24 45.6281452848 -37 40 55.892160696   12.54 11.41 10.82 11.8 ~ 70 0
133 NGC 5161 EmG 13 29 13.9190642160 -33 10 25.746841596   12.13 11.00 10.91 11.6 ~ 103 0
134 NGC 5247 GiG 13 38 03.0183262176 -17 53 02.645511252   10.77   9.96 10.5 ~ 211 0
135 NGC 5334 LSB 13 52 54.4632396696 -01 06 52.604999568   12.0   12.3 12.1 ~ 159 0
136 NGC 5390 LIN 13 55 39.9385716624 +40 27 42.380606592   12.81 11.93 10.04   ~ 334 1
137 NGC 5448 LIN 14 02 50.072 +49 10 21.53   12.7       ~ 151 0
138 APG 271 IG 14 03 25.45 -06 02 59.9           ~ 209 0
139 NGC 5427 GiP 14 03 26.0408044536 -06 01 50.682790236   14.67 13.96 11.54   ~ 280 0
140 NGC 5483 GiG 14 10 25.0439323920 -43 19 28.682248872   11.86 11.38 10.62 11.4 ~ 71 0
141 IC 4402 GiG 14 21 13.092 -46 17 52.44   12.79   11.27 11.7 ~ 49 0
142 IC 4444 rG 14 31 38.6713308528 -43 25 05.991067812   12.25 11.55 11.08 12.2 ~ 62 0
143 NGC 5676 GiG 14 32 46.853 +49 27 28.11   11.7       ~ 244 1
144 NGC 5701 GiG 14 39 11.0751915840 +05 21 48.493104264 12.03 11.76 10.88     ~ 231 1
145 NGC 5713 GiP 14 40 11.528 -00 17 21.16 11.88 11.84 11.20     ~ 372 2
146 NGC 5850 LIN 15 07 07.6828131840 +01 32 39.513281352   11.5   10.79 11.1 ~ 301 1
147 NGC 5921 G 15 21 56.561 +05 04 13.94   12.7       ~ 267 0
148 NGC 5962 GiP 15 36 31.6809457296 +16 36 27.933030504 12.04 11.98 11.34     ~ 236 1
149 NGC 6215 GiG 16 51 06.811 -58 59 36.46   11.63 11.28 10.25 11.7 ~ 105 0
150 NGC 6300 Sy2 17 16 59.5418094960 -62 49 13.946588832   10.88 13.08 9.44 10.2 ~ 396 0
151 NGC 6384 G 17 32 24.2848390896 +07 03 37.531624968   13.2       ~ 295 0
152 NGC 6753 GiG 19 11 23.635 -57 02 58.44   11.84 11.04 10.31 11.0 ~ 150 0
153 NGC 6782 GiG 19 23 57.9062029800 -59 55 20.952769044   12.70 11.84 11.27 11.7 ~ 117 1
154 ESO 142-19 GiG 19 33 18.9188281704 -58 06 51.207903540   13.56   11.78 12.0 ~ 38 0
155 NGC 6902 GiG 20 24 28.0668116304 -43 39 12.416990940 11.73 11.82 10.93 10.59 11.4 ~ 116 1
156 NGC 6907 G 20 25 06.9 -24 48 38   11.91 11.30 10.47 11.3 ~ 168 2
157 IC 5052 G 20 52 01.633 -69 11 35.93 12.83 12.20 11.66 11.40   ~ 145 0
158 NGC 7083 GiG 21 35 44.6351403840 -63 54 10.199544624   11.93 11.04 10.81 11.5 ~ 176 0
159 NGC 7184 G 22 02 39.8286792432 -20 48 45.720207216   11.98 11.20 10.62   ~ 135 0
160 NGC 7217 LIN 22 07 52.3984675584 +31 21 33.632293572   12.94 11.92     ~ 476 0
161 NGC 7205 G 22 08 34.3216157064 -57 26 33.586141884   11.77   10.63 11.1 ~ 109 0
162 NGC 7213 Sy1 22 09 16.2100443720 -47 10 00.115999716   10.97 12.08 10.50 10.6 ~ 621 0
163 NGC 7412 GiG 22 55 45.7654890264 -42 38 31.057726956   11.82 11.38 12.0 11.4 ~ 110 0
164 NGC 7418 EmG 22 56 36.1156121952 -37 01 47.845242192   11.66 11.39 10.66 11.3 ~ 157 1
165 NGC 7479 Sy2 23 04 56.6432243448 +12 19 22.357387020 11.74 11.60 10.85 10.47 9.66 ~ 706 2
166 NGC 7552 GiP 23 16 10.767 -42 35 05.39 11.34 11.22 10.57 10.08 11.1 ~ 529 3
167 NGC 7582 GiP 23 18 23.621 -42 22 14.06 11.62 10.92 10.62     ~ 857 2
168 NGC 7606 EmG 23 19 04.7786629824 -08 29 06.331037820   11.5   10.47 11.1 ~ 184 0
169 IC 5325 GiG 23 28 43.4210245680 -41 19 59.690746920 11.80 11.89 11.27 10.73 11.5 ~ 100 1
170 NGC 7713 EmG 23 36 15.154 -37 56 22.18   11.63   11.09 11.6 ~ 128 0
171 NGC 7723 GiP 23 38 57.092 -12 57 39.68   11   10.78   ~ 185 0
172 NGC 7727 GiP 23 39 53.870 -12 17 34.84   11   10.55   ~ 166 0
173 NGC 7741 GiP 23 43 54.375 +26 04 32.07 11.70 11.84 11.31     ~ 278 1

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2022.07.03-19:14:54

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