Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 464, 377-392 (2007/3-2)
Proper-motion binaries in the Hipparcos catalogue. Comparison with radial velocity data.
FRANKOWSKI A., JANCART S. and JORISSEN A.
Abstract (from CDS):
This paper is the last in a series devoted to the analysis of the binary content of the Hipparcos Catalogue. The comparison of the proper motions constructed from positions spanning a short (Hipparcos) or long time (Tycho-2) makes it possible to uncover binaries with periods of the order of or somewhat larger than the short time span (in this case, the 3 yr duration of the Hipparcos mission), since the unrecognised orbital motion will then add to the proper motion. A list of candidate proper motion binaries is constructed from a carefully designed χ2 test evaluating the statistical significance of the difference between the Tycho-2 and Hipparcos proper motions for 103134 stars in common between the two catalogues (excluding components of visual systems). Since similar lists of proper-motion binaries have already been constructed, the present paper focuses on the evaluation of the detection efficiency of proper-motion binaries, using different kinds of control data (mostly radial velocities). The detection rate for entries from the Ninth Catalogue of Spectroscopic Binary Orbits (SB9^_) is evaluated, as well as for stars like barium stars, which are known to be all binaries, and finally for spectroscopic binaries identified from radial velocity data in the Geneva-Copenhagen survey of F and G dwarfs in the solar neighbourhood. Proper motion binaries are efficiently detected for systems with parallaxes in excess of ∼20mas, and periods in the range 1000-30000d. The shortest periods in this range (1000-2000d, i.e., once to twice theduration of the Hipparcos mission) may appear only as DMSA/G binaries (accelerated proper motion in the Hipparcos Double and Multiple System Annex). Proper motion binaries detected among SB9^_ systems having periods shorter than about 400 d hint at triple systems, the proper-motion binary involving a component with a longer orbital period. A list of 19 candidate triple systems is provided. Binaries suspected of having low-mass (brown-dwarf-like) companions are listed as well. Among the 37 barium stars with parallaxes larger than 5mas, only 7 exhibit no evidence for duplicity whatsoever (be it spectroscopic or astrometric). Finally, the fraction of proper-motion binaries shows no significant variation among the various (regular) spectral classes, when due account is taken for the detection biases.
astrometry - binaries: general - catalogs - binaries: spectroscopic - binaries: visual
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/464/377): table2.dat>
Paragraph 6. HIP 110487 is a probable misprintfor HIP 110478.
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