SIMBAD references

2006ApJ...647..185L - Astrophys. J., 647, 185-193 (2006/August-2)

VLBI images of 49 radio supernovae in Arp 220.


Abstract (from CDS):

We have used a very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) array at 18 cm wavelength to image the nucleus of the luminous IR galaxy Arp 220 at ∼1 pc linear resolution, with very high sensitivity. The resulting map has an rms of 5.5 µJy/beam, and careful image analysis results in 49 confirmed point sources ranging in flux density from 1.2 mJy down to ∼60 µJy. Comparison with high-sensitivity data from 12 months earlier reveals at least four new sources. The favored interpretation of these sources is that they are radio supernovae, and if all new supernovae are detectable at this sensitivity, a resulting estimate of the supernova rate in the Arp 220 system is 4±2 per year. The implied star formation rate is sufficient to power the entire observed far-infrared luminosity of the galaxy. The two nuclei of Arp 220 exhibit striking similarities in their radio properties, although the western nucleus is more compact, and appears to be ∼3 times more luminous than the eastern nucleus. There are also some puzzling differences, and differential free-free absorption, synchrotron aging, and expansion losses may all be playing a role. Comparison with the nearby starburst galaxy M82 supports the hypothesis that the activity in Arp 220 is essentially a scaled-up version of that in M82.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Active - Galaxies: Individual: Name: Arp 220 - Galaxies: Starburst - Infrared: Galaxies - Radio Continuum: Galaxies - Stars: Supernovae: General

Nomenclature: Table 1: [LDT2006] WNN N=20 among (Nos E1-E22) + N=29 among (Nos W2-W46).

Status at CDS : All or part of tables of objects will not be ingested in SIMBAD.

CDS comments: Parag. 2 : 1613+141 may be SAX J1613.7+3412, 1516+193 not identified

Simbad objects: 23

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