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2006AJ....132.1267S - Astron. J., 132, 1267-1274 (2006/September-0)

No detectable H+3Emission from the atmospheres of hot Jupiters.

SHKOLNIK E., GAIDOS E. and MOSKOVITZ N.

Abstract (from CDS):

H+3emission is the dominant cooling mechanism in Jupiter's thermosphere and a useful probe of temperature and ion densities. The H+3ion is predicted to form in the thermospheres of close-in hot Jupiters'', where its emission would be a significant factor in the thermal energy budget, affecting temperature and the rate of hydrogen escape from the exosphere. Hot Jupiters are predicted to have up to 105 times Jupiter's H+3emission because they experience extreme stellar irradiation and enhanced interactions may occur between the planetary magnetosphere and the stellar wind. Direct (but unresolved) detection of an extrasolar planet, or the establishment of useful upper limits, may be possible because a small but significant fraction of the total energy received by the planet is reradiated in a few narrow lines of H+3within which the flux from the star is limited. We present the observing strategy and results of our search for emission from the Q(1,0) transition of H+3(3.953 µm) from extrasolar planets orbiting six late-type dwarfs using CSHELL, the high-resolution echelle spectrograph on NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility. We exploited the time-dependent Doppler shift of the planet, which can be as large as 150 km/s, by differencing spectra between nights, thereby removing the stellar photospheric signal and telluric lines. We set limits on the H+3emission from each of these systems and compare them with models in the literature. Ideal candidates for future searches are intrinsically faint stars, such as M dwarfs, at very close distances.

Journal keyword(s): Stars: Planetary Systems - Stars: Individual: Constellation Name: υ Andromedae - stars: individual (HD 46375) - Stars: Individual: Constellation Name: 55 Cancri - stars: individual (GJ 436) - Stars: Individual: Constellation Name: τ Bootis - stars: individual (HD 217101) - Stars: Late-Type

CDS comments: In keywords : HD 217101 is a misprint for HD 217107