SIMBAD references

2006A&A...455..315T - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 455, 315-324 (2006/8-3)

Resolving stellar atmospheres. I. The Hα line and comparisons to microlensing observations.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present work on Hα spectral line characteristics in PHOENIX stellar model atmospheres and their comparison to microlensing observations. We examine in detail the Hα equivalent width (EW) and the line shape characteristics for effective temperatures of 4500K<Teff<5600K where Hα is a strong spectral feature. We find that Hα EW in models calculated under the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) is up to 15% smaller than in models without this assumption, non-LTE models (NLTE) and that line shapes vary significantly for the two model types. A comparison with available high quality microlensing data, capable of tracing Hα absorption across the face of one G5III giant, shows that the LTE model that fits the EW best is about 100K hotter than and the best-fitting NLTE model has a similar Teff as predicted by the spectral type analysis of the observed star but agree within the uncertainties of the observationally derived temperature.Neither LTE nor NLTE models fit the line shape well. We suspect unmodelled chromospheric emission. Line shape diagnostics suggest lower gravities than derived for the star and are unacceptable low in the case of the LTE models. We show that EW alone is insufficient for comparison to stellar model atmospheres, but combined with a new shape parameter we define is promising. In stellar parameter ranges where the Hα line is strong, a NLTE approach of modeling stellar atmospheres is not only beneficial but mandatory.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: atmospheres - gravitational lensing

CDS comments: Table 1 MOA 2002-BLG-23 is a probable misprint for MOA 2002-BLG-33.

Simbad objects: 9

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