Query : 2006A&A...453..229B

2006A&A...453..229B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 453, 229-240 (2006/7-1)

Theoretical light curves for deflagration models of type Ia supernova.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present synthetic bolometric and broad-band UBVRI light curves of SNe Ia for four selected 3D deflagration models of thermonuclear supernovae. The light curves are computed with the 1D hydro code stella, which models (multi-group time-dependent) non-equilibrium radiative transfer inside SN ejecta. Angle-averaged results from 3D hydrodynamical explosion simulations with the composition determined in a nucleosynthetic postprocessing step served as the input to the radiative transfer model. The predicted model UBV light curves do agree reasonably well with the observed ones for SNe Ia in the range of low to normal luminosities, although the underlying hydrodynamical explosion models produced only a modest amount of radioactive 56Ni (i.e. ∼0.24-0.42M) and relatively low kinetic energy in the explosion (less than 0.7x1051erg). The evolution of predicted B and V fluxes in the model with a 56Ni mass of 0.42M follows the observed decline rate after the maximum very well, although the behavior of fluxes in other filters deviates somewhat from observations, and the bolometric decline rate is a bit slow. The material velocity at the photospheric level is on the order of 104km/s for all models. Using our models, we check the validity of Arnett's rule, relating the peak luminosity to the power of the deposited radioactive heating, and we also check the accuracy of the procedure for extracting the 56Ni mass from the observed light curves. We find that the comparison between theoretical light curves and observations provides a useful tool to validate SN Ia models. The steps necessary for improving the agreement between theory and observations are set out.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: supernovae: general - hydrodynamics - radiative transfer - methods: numerical

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 SN 1992A SN* 03 36 27.41 -34 57 31.4   12.56 12.50     SNIa 401 1
2 ACO S 373 ClG 03 38 29.4 -35 27 08           ~ 1806 0
3 SN 1991bg SN* 12 25 03.70 +12 52 15.6   14.75 14.3     SNIapec 583 1
4 SN 1994D SN* 12 34 02.395 +07 42 05.70   11.75 12.03     SNIa 540 1
5 SN 1991T SN* 12 34 10.20 +02 39 56.4   11.70 11.51     SNIapec 763 1

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