Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 357, 565-571 (2005/February-3)
Fe K emission in the ultraluminous infrared galaxy Arp 220.
IWASAWA K., SANDERS D.B., EVANS A.S., TRENTHAM N., MINIUTTI G. and SPOON H.W.W.
Abstract (from CDS):
Prominent Fe Kα line emission is detected in the XMM-Newton spectrum of the ultraluminous infrared galaxy Arp 220. The centroid of the line is found at an energy of 6.7 keV and the equivalent width of the line is EW ∼ 1.9 keV (at 3.5σ significance). A few other spectral features are found at various degrees of significance in the lower energy range on a hard 2.5-10 keV continuum (Γ∼ 1). The large EW of the Fe K line poses a problem with interpreting the hard X-ray emission as integrated X-ray binary emission. A thermal emission spectrum with a temperature of kT∼ 7 keV modified by absorption of NH≃ 3x1022/cm2, can describe the 2.5-10 keV continuum shape and the Fe K emission. A hot bubble that is shocked internally in a starburst region would have a similar temperature and gives a good explanation for the observed X-ray properties with a high star formation rate. An ensemble of radio supernovae in a dense environment, as suggested from VLBI imaging, could be another possibility, if such powerful supernovae are produced continuously at a high rate. However, the apparent lack of emission from X-ray binaries is incompatible with the high supernova rate (∼2 SNe/yr) required by both interpretations. Highly photoionized, low-density gas illuminated by a hidden Compton-thick active galactic nucleus is a possible alternative for the hard X-ray emission, which can be tested by examining whether radiative recombination continua from highly ionized Ca and Fe are present in better quality data from a forthcoming observation.