SIMBAD references

2005AJ....130..539G - Astron. J., 130, 539-553 (2005/August-0)

Revealing the supernova remnant population of M33 with Chandra.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present results of a search for supernova remnants (SNRs) in archival Chandra images of M33. We have identified X-ray SNRs by comparing the list of Chandra X-ray sources in M33 with tabulations of SNR candidates identified from (1) elevated [S II]/Hα ratios in the optical and (2) radio spectral indices. In addition, we have searched for optical counterparts to soft sources in the Chandra images and X-ray SNR candidates identified in the XMM-Newton survey of M33. Of the 98 optically known SNRs in M33, 22 have been detected at >3 σ level in the soft band (0.35-1.1 keV). At least four of these SNR candidates are spatially extended based on a comparison of the data to simulated images of point sources. Aside from the optically matching SNRs, we have found one soft X-ray source in M33 that exhibits no optical emission and is coincident with a known radio source. The radio spectral index of this source is consistent with particle acceleration in shocks, leading us to suggest that it is a nonradiative SNR. We have also found new optical counterparts to two soft X-ray SNRs in M33. These counterparts exhibit enhanced [S II]/Hα ratios characteristic of radiative shocks. Pending confirmation from optical spectroscopy, the identification of these two optical counterparts increases the total number of known optically emitting SNRs in M33 to 100. This brings the total number of identified SNRs with X-ray counterparts, including those exclusively detected by the XMM-Newton survey of M33, to 37 SNRs. We find that while there are a similar number of confirmed X-ray SNRs in M33 and the LMC with X-ray luminosities in excess of 1035 ergs/s nearly 40% of the LMC SNRs are brighter than 1036 ergs/s, while only 13% of the M33 sample exceed this luminosity. Including X-ray SNR candidates from the XMM-Newton survey (objects lacking optical counterparts) increases the fraction of M33 SNRs brighter than 1036 ergs/s to 22%, still only half the LMC fraction. The differences in luminosity distributions cannot be fully explained by uncertainty in spectral model parameters and are not fully accounted for by abundance differences between the galaxies.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Individual: Messier Number: M33 - Galaxies: ISM - Shock Waves - ISM: Supernova Remnants

Nomenclature: Text: CXOM33 N=2.

CDS comments: CXOM33 J013350.5+303821.5 has been changed in CXOM33 J013350.49+303821.5 in the complete catalog of CXOM33 objects. M33 X-8 = [LDC81] 8.

Simbad objects: 57

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