SIMBAD references

2005A&A...442..211S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 442, 211-227 (2005/10-4)

Search for nearby stars among proper motion stars selected by optical-to-infrared photometry. III. Spectroscopic distances of 322 NLTT stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

Distance estimates based on low-resolution spectroscopy and Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) J magnitudes are presented for a large sample of 322 nearby candidates from Luyten's NLTT catalogue. Mainly relatively bright (typically 7<Ks<11) and red high proper motion stars have been selected according to their 2MASS magnitudes and optical-to-infrared colours (+1<R-Ks<+7). Some LHS stars previously lacking spectroscopy have also been included. We have classified the majority of the objects as early-M dwarfs (M2-M5). More than 70% of our targets turned out to lie within the 25pc horizon of the catalogue of nearby stars, with 50 objects placed within 15pc and 8 objects being closer than 10pc. Three objects in the 10pc sample have no previously published spectral type: LP 876-10 (M4), LP 870-65 (M4.5), and LP 869-26 (M5). A large fraction of the objects in our sample (57%) have independent distance estimates, mainly by the recent efforts of Reid and collaborators. Our distance determinations are generally in good agreement with theirs. 11 rather distant (d>100pc) objects have also been identified, including a probable halo, but relatively hot (Teff∼13000K) white dwarf (LHS 1200) and 10 red dwarfs with extremely large tangential velocities (250<vt<1150km/s). Altogether, there are 11 red dwarfs (including one within 70pc) with tangential velocities larger than about 250km/s. All these objects are suspected to be in fact subdwarfs, if so, their distances would be only about half of our original estimates. The three most extreme objects in that respect are the K and early M dwarfs LP 323-168, LHS 5343 and LP 552-21 with corrected distances between 180pc and 400pc and resulting tangential velocities still larger than about 400km/s.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): techniques: spectroscopic - surveys - astrometry - stars: distances - stars: late-type - Galaxy: solar neighbourhood

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/442/211): table1.dat notes.dat refs.dat>

Simbad objects: 355

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