Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 152, 81-96 (2004/May-0)
A CO survey toward starless cores.
PARK Y.-S., LEE C.W. and MYERS P.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
A CO survey is undertaken toward about 80% of the starless cores in the Lee & Myers catalog that can be observed in the northern hemisphere to investigate their general observational properties such as line width and intensity, from which one can deduce their environmental physical conditions. The peak 12CO intensity implies a kinetic temperature close to 10 K, as is already known, but for some of the cores the kinetic temperature is much higher than 10 K, suggesting either that they are not really starless or that they are externally heated. We derive the ratios of peak intensities and line widths for the pairs of 12CO and 13CO lines and find a value of ∼1.7 for both. The linear correlations between them are most likely to be due to clumpy structure. These data are also compared with data sets of CS 2-1 and N2H+ 1-0 lines tracing high-density regions. It is found that the peak intensity and line width of 13CO are roughly correlated with those of CS, suggesting that the outer envelope is kinematically related to the inner dense core. Confirming that the 12CO lines seldom exhibit deep self-reversal features, whereas this is not unusual for the CS lines, we propose a heuristic model where the outer part is clumpy, but the inner part has a rather smooth density profile, with a uniform temperature and mean density decreasing outward. We apply three-dimensional radiative transfer calculations to this simple model, demonstrating that the essential observational features of the starless cores are successfully reproduced.
ISM: Clouds - ISM: Molecules - Radiative Transfer - Radio Lines: ISM - Surveys
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJS/152/81): table1.dat>
Table 1: [LM99] LNNNNA, [LM99] LNNNNA-N, [LM99] LNNNN-A, [LM99] LNNNNAN, [LM99] BNNNA, [LM99] BNNN-N, [LM99] CB NNN, [LM99] CB NNN-N, [LM99] DC LLLl+BB, [LM99] DC LLLl+BB-N, [LM99] DC LLLl+BBb, [LM99] DC LLLl+BBb-N, [LM99] VNN, [LM99] VNN-N, [LM99] Ch NN, [LM99] VNN, [LM99] Ch NN-N, [LM99] Mu NN, [LM99] TMC NA, [LM99] TMC N-N, N=178.
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