SIMBAD references

2004ApJ...608..772F - Astrophys. J., 608, 772-780 (2004/June-3)

Probing the red giant branch phase transition: near-infrared photometry of six intermediate-age Large Magellanic Cloud clusters.


Abstract (from CDS):

This is the first of a series of papers devoted to a global study of the photometric properties of the red stellar sequences in a complete sample of the Large Magellanic Cloud clusters, by means of near-infrared array photometry. Deep J, H, Ksphotometry and accurate color-magnitude diagrams down to K~18.5, i.e., ~1.5 mag below the red He clump, for six intermediate-age clusters (namely, NGC 1987, NGC 2108, NGC 2190, NGC 2209, NGC 2231, NGC 2249) are presented. A quantitative estimate of the population ratios (by number and luminosity) between red giant branch (RGB) and He-clump stars for each target cluster is provided and discussed in the framework of probing the so-called RGB phase transition (Ph-T). By using the Elson & Fall s-parameter as an age indicator, the observed RGB population shows a sharp enhancement (in both number and luminosity) at s=36. Obviously, the corresponding absolute age strictly depends on the details of theoretical models adopted to calibrate the s-parameter. Curiously, the currently available calibrations of the s-parameter in terms of age based on canonical (by Elson & Fall) and overshooting (Girardi and coworkers) models provide ages that well agree within 10%, suggesting that the full development of the RGB occurs at t~700 Myr and is a relatively fast event (δt~300 Myr). However, the RGB Ph-T epoch derived from the overshooting calibration of the s-parameter turns out to be significantly earlier than the epoch provided by the recent evolutionary tracks by Girardi and coworkers. A new calibration of the s-parameter based on high-quality color-magnitude diagrams and updated models is urged to address the origin of this discrepancy and finally establish the epoch of the RGB Ph-T.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Star Clusters - Infrared: Stars - Galaxies: Magellanic Clouds - Techniques: Photometric

Simbad objects: 8

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