2003ApJS..148...97B


Query : 2003ApJS..148...97B

2003ApJS..148...97B - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 148, 97-117 (2003/September-0)

First-year Wilkinson microwave anisotropy probe (WMAP)(1) observations: foreground emission.

BENNETT C.L., HILL R.S., HINSHAW G., NOLTA M.R., ODEGARD N., PAGE L., SPERGEL D.N., WEILAND J.L., WRIGHT E.L., HALPERN M., JAROSIK N., KOGUT A., LIMON M., MEYER S.S., TUCKER G.S. and WOLLACK E.

Abstract (from CDS):

The WMAP mission has mapped the full sky to determine the geometry, content, and evolution of the universe. Full-sky maps are made in five microwave frequency bands to separate the temperature anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) from foreground emission, including diffuse Galactic emission and Galactic and extragalactic point sources. We define masks that excise regions of high foreground emission, so CMB analyses can be carried out with minimal foreground contamination. We also present maps and spectra of the individual emission components, leading to an improved understanding of Galactic astrophysical processes. The effectiveness of template fits to remove foreground emission from the WMAP data is also examined. These efforts result in a CMB map with minimal contamination and a demonstration that the WMAP CMB power spectrum is insensitive to residual foreground emission. We use a maximum entropy method to construct a model of the Galactic emission components. The observed total Galactic emission matches the model to less than 1%, and the individual model components are accurate to a few percent. We find that the Milky Way resembles other normal spiral galaxies between 408 MHz and 23 GHz, with a synchrotron spectral index that is flattest (βs~-2.5) near star-forming regions, especially in the plane, and steepest (βs~-3) in the halo. This is consistent with a picture of relativistic cosmic-ray electron generation in star-forming regions and diffusion and convection within the plane. The significant synchrotron index steepening out of the plane suggests a diffusion process in which the halo electrons are trapped in the Galactic potential long enough to suffer synchrotron and inverse Compton energy losses and hence a spectral steepening. The synchrotron index is steeper in the WMAP bands than in lower frequency radio surveys, with a spectral break near 20 GHz to βs←3. The modeled thermal dust spectral index is also steep in the WMAP bands, with βd~2.2. Our model is driven to these conclusions by the low level of total foreground contamination at ∼60 GHz. Microwave and Hα measurements of the ionized gas agree well with one another at about the expected levels. Spinning dust emission is limited to ≲5% of the Ka-band foreground emission, assuming a thermal dust distribution with a cold neutral medium spectrum and a monotonically decreasing synchrotron spectrum. A catalog of 208 point sources is presented. The reliability of the catalog is 98%; i.e., we expect five of the 208 sources to be statistically spurious. The mean spectral index of the point sources is α∼0 (β~-2). Derived source counts suggest a contribution to the anisotropy power from unresolved sources of (15.0±1.4)x10–3µK2.sr at Q band and negligible levels at V band and W band. The Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect is shown to be a negligible ``contamination'' to the maps.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Cosmology: Cosmic Microwave Background - Cosmology: Observations - Cosmology: Diffuse Radiation - Galaxy: Halo - Galaxy: Structure - ISM: Structure

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJS/148/97): wmap1.dat>

Nomenclature: Table 4: WMAP NNN (Nos 1-208).

Simbad objects: 210

goto Full paper

goto View the references in ADS

Number of rows : 210
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 QSO B0003-066 BLL 00 06 13.8928497048 -06 23 35.332689228   19.1   17.14   ~ 301 1
2 ICRF J001259.9-395426 BLL 00 12 59.9097885288 -39 54 26.056833444   18.33   18.05   ~ 63 0
3 NGC 253 SyG 00 47 33.134 -25 17 19.68   8.03   6.94 8.1 ~ 3162 2
4 QSO B0047-5754 QSO 00 49 59.4728345616 -57 38 27.339177408   17.49 18.5 16.56   ~ 116 1
5 QSO B0048-09 BLL 00 50 41.3172421464 -09 29 05.210474100 16.74 16.39 16.22 16.14   ~ 435 2
6 QSO B0104-408 QSO 01 06 45.1074148680 -40 34 19.954747560   18.60 19.0 19.25   ~ 126 0
7 4C 01.02 QSO 01 08 38.7711625632 +01 35 00.318640596   18.54 18.39 19.05   ~ 500 1
8 2C 94 Sy2 01 08 52.8701830824 +13 20 14.262799812   15.19       ~ 458 2
9 QSO J0125-0005 QSO 01 25 28.8438355224 -00 05 55.930595964   16.92 16.64 16.30   ~ 275 1
10 QSO B0130-17 QSO 01 32 43.4876969712 -16 54 48.522844980   18.75 18.44 15.44   ~ 201 1
11 ICRF J013305.7-520003 Sy1 01 33 05.7626793624 -52 00 03.947006160   18.68 20.3 18.63   ~ 95 0
12 QSO B0133+476 Bla 01 36 58.5947351640 +47 51 29.099491848     18.0 19.25 15.21 ~ 469 1
13 4C 15.05 Bla 02 04 50.41389571 +15 14 11.0436591   21.9 22.1 21.00   ~ 386 1
14 7C 020209.69+315812.00 QSO 02 05 04.9251427344 +32 12 30.093761736     18.00 17.40   ~ 209 1
15 QSO B0208-512 BLL 02 10 46.2004407600 -51 01 01.893013392   17.10 16.93 14.82   ~ 412 1
16 QSO J0217+0144 QSO 02 17 48.9544520496 +01 44 49.693296336   16.74 16.09 18.51 13.29 ~ 397 1
17 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1600 2
18 QSO B0220-349 QSO 02 22 56.4039822960 -34 41 28.754857536   21.39   21.10   ~ 71 1
19 GB6 J0223+4259 Rad 02 23 14.5 +42 59 19           ~ 11 0
20 4C 28.07 QSO 02 37 52.4057664048 +28 48 08.990026884     18.5 16.99   ~ 559 1
21 QSO B0252-549 QSO 02 53 29.1803201880 -54 41 51.437517216   17.65 19.3 16.79   ~ 111 1
22 QSO B0302-623 QSO 03 03 50.6312320032 -62 11 25.549538568   19.48   17.87   ~ 129 1
23 NGC 1218 Sy1 03 08 26.2245464640 +04 06 39.305753460   12.84       ~ 365 1
24 QSO B0308-611 QSO 03 09 56.0985822360 -60 58 39.060338484   19.00 18.5 18.18   ~ 119 1
25 QSO J0311-7651 BLL 03 11 55.2496997640 -76 51 50.848335324 15.27 16.09 16.10 15.33   ~ 216 1
26 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1599902040 +41 30 42.108850836   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3809 3
27 NGC 1316 GiP 03 22 41.789 -37 12 29.52 9.81 9.15 8.53 7.66   ~ 1302 1
28 QSO B0327-241 QSO 03 29 54.0758927544 -23 57 08.778785796   19.68 18.1 19.31   ~ 76 1
29 QSO B0332-403 BLL 03 34 13.6546782528 -40 08 25.399790304 18.54 18.35 17.87 17.5   ~ 296 1
30 QSO B0336-0156 QSO 03 39 30.9376270008 -01 46 35.803797420   18.96 18.41 17.33   ~ 527 1
31 QSO B0346-279 QSO 03 48 38.1446968368 -27 49 13.563750864   20.08 18.63 17.72   ~ 169 1
32 QSO J0403-3605 QSO 04 03 53.7498574512 -36 05 01.915228284   17.04 17.17 16.67   ~ 254 1
33 QSO B0403-132A BLL 04 05 34.0032757488 -13 08 13.690831596   17.37 17.09 16.6   ~ 327 1
34 QSO B0405-385 QSO 04 06 59.0351764032 -38 26 28.041465516   19.55 18.0     ~ 219 2
35 ICRF J041045.6+765645 AGN 04 10 45.6108324 +76 56 45.313088   21 22.0 21.200   ~ 154 1
36 QSO B0420-0127 QSO 04 23 15.8007747432 -01 20 33.063518580   17.50 17.00 16.28   ~ 1138 3
37 QSO B0422-380 QSO 04 24 42.2441265240 -37 56 20.783748012   17.96 18.08 18.03   ~ 95 1
38 QSO B0422+004 BLL 04 24 46.8421990080 +00 36 06.329375028 16.15 15.94 16.98     ~ 340 1
39 Mrk 1506 Sy1 04 33 11.0956735296 +05 21 15.619461552   15.72 15.05 10.08   ~ 1935 2
40 QSO B0438-43 QSO 04 40 17.1802492608 -43 33 08.606287872   19.31 19.5 18.2   ~ 268 2
41 QSO B0454-810 QSO 04 50 05.4393379656 -81 01 02.231987232   19.31 19.2 18.30   ~ 113 1
42 QSO B0451-281 QSO 04 53 14.6469236976 -28 07 37.326888696   18.23 18.2 17.83   ~ 185 1
43 QSO B0454-463 QSO 04 55 50.7727600944 -46 15 58.682171628   17.89 17.4 16.87   ~ 198 1
44 QSO J0457-2324 QSO 04 57 03.1791422424 -23 24 52.021129572   18.85 18.5 16.56   ~ 364 1
45 QSO B0506-612 QSO 05 06 43.9885306656 -61 09 40.994092836   17.16 16.85 16.9   ~ 173 2
46 QSO B0511-220 QSO 05 13 49.1139622896 -21 59 16.062866808   19.95 19.5 19.58   ~ 97 1
47 WMAP J0519-0540 Rad 05 18 54.6 -05 46 10           ~ 6 0
48 NAME Pic A Sy1 05 19 49.7229323856 -45 46 43.852662732   15.73 15.77 14.85   ~ 614 1
49 QSO B0521-365 BLL 05 22 57.9841341216 -36 27 30.847204512   15.26 14.62 14.48   ~ 782 2
50 IC 418 PN 05 27 28.2059533560 -12 41 50.282287764   9.405 9.010 10.118   O7fp 1020 2
51 QSO B0537-441 BLL 05 38 50.3617339512 -44 05 08.940591924   15.77 16.48 16   ~ 840 2
52 2MASS J05404585-5418220 QSO 05 40 45.8480957784 -54 18 22.095295668   18.49   17.32   ~ 57 0
53 GB6 J0542+4951 Rad 05 42 35.5 +49 51 12           ~ 8 0
54 2MASS J05464183-6415219 Sy1 05 46 41.8381012440 -64 15 21.934341504     18.00 15.33   ~ 44 1
55 QSO B0549-575 QSO 05 50 09.5802370896 -57 32 24.403123716   20.26 19.5 18.81   ~ 46 1
56 7C 055201.39+394824.00 QSO 05 55 30.8055972888 +39 48 49.166341920     18.0 17.5   ~ 488 2
57 6C 060237+672110 QSO 06 07 52.6703026608 +67 20 55.412148084   20.6 20.6 20.21   ~ 91 1
58 QSO B0607-157 QSO 06 09 40.9493089944 -15 42 40.667570496   18.47 18.0 19.90   ~ 299 1
59 ICRF J062923.7-195919 BLL 06 29 23.7617090832 -19 59 19.723372044   20.43 18.6 20.68   ~ 100 1
60 ICRF J063326.7-222322 QSO 06 33 26.7531305208 -22 23 22.349905008   19.56   18.33   ~ 28 0
61 QSO J0635-7516 QSO 06 35 46.5079301472 -75 16 16.816418256   15.96 15.75 15.82   ~ 549 1
62 2MASX J06363227-2034532 Sy2 06 36 32.2509554376 -20 34 53.181243300   18.27 17.58     ~ 125 4
63 8C 0633+734 QSO 06 39 21.9609776712 +73 24 58.043668788   16.0 17.3 18.22   ~ 95 1
64 GB6 J0646+4451 Rad 06 46 31.4 +44 51 22           ~ 12 0
65 GB6 J0738+1742 Rad 07 38 07.6 +17 42 26           ~ 10 0
66 GB6 J0739+0136 Rad 07 39 17.7 +01 36 56           ~ 8 0
67 GB6 J0741+3112 Rad 07 41 09.7 +31 12 04           ~ 9 0
68 QSO J0743-6726 QSO 07 43 31.6117092000 -67 26 25.547011008   16.71 16.37     ~ 141 1
69 GB6 J0745+1011 Rad 07 45 32.3 +10 11 14           ~ 8 0
70 QSO B0748+126 QSO 07 50 52.0455280992 +12 31 04.828034820   17.67 17.28 17.16   ~ 303 1
71 QSO B0754+10 BLL 07 57 06.6427726320 +09 56 34.848603888   15.43 15.00 15.99   ~ 420 1
72 QSO B0805-077 QSO 08 08 15.5358771816 -07 51 09.885045384     19.5 16.71   ~ 235 1
73 ICRF J081640.4-242106 QSO 08 16 40.4124760728 -24 21 06.567065172   20.79       ~ 33 1
74 QSO B0823+033 BLL 08 25 50.3384535600 +03 09 24.523229736   17.81 17.23 16.91   ~ 307 1
75 7C 082754.29+242103.00 QSO 08 30 52.0861432224 +24 10 59.822369580   17.62 17.26 16.30   ~ 490 1
76 QSO B0834-201 QSO 08 36 39.2154503832 -20 16 59.501243352   19.45 19.4 18.76   ~ 187 1
77 ICRF J084047.5+131223 Sy1 08 40 47.5881972768 +13 12 23.557974480   18.58 18.15 17.622   ~ 407 1
78 4C 71.07 QSO 08 41 24.3652863600 +70 53 42.171665460     16.5 16.8   ~ 733 1
79 QSO J0854+2006 BLL 08 54 48.8749846272 +20 06 30.639583620   15.91 15.43 15.56   ~ 2193 1
80 4C 01.24B QSO 09 09 10.0916000808 +01 21 35.617899600   17.63 17.29 17.04   ~ 396 2
81 NAME Hya A LIN 09 18 05.6783347248 -12 05 43.634531472   14.38 14.8     ~ 964 1
82 ICRF J092703.0+390220 Sy1 09 27 03.0138528936 +39 02 20.850343332   17.17 17.00 16.486   ~ 965 1
83 GB6 J0948+4039 Rad 09 48 55.2 +40 39 56           ~ 11 0
84 GB6 J0955+6940 Rad 09 55 52.0 +69 40 47           ~ 10 0
85 6C 095505+473957 QSO 09 58 19.6716244680 +47 25 07.843345896   18.78 18.62 18.39   ~ 219 1
86 ICRF J101447.0+230116 Sy1 10 14 47.0656249344 +23 01 16.569849468   17.85 17.78 16.22   ~ 185 1
87 7C 1030+4131 QSO 10 33 03.7074569304 +41 16 06.232666800   20.01 19.64 19.97   ~ 185 1
88 QSO B1036+054 QSO 10 38 46.7806935744 +05 12 29.092057884   20.21 19.45 19.53   ~ 94 1
89 ICRF J104142.9-474006 QSO 10 41 42.93640 -47 40 06.4954   18.25       ~ 29 1
90 6C 104451+715930 QSO 10 48 27.6198768456 +71 43 35.939809416     19.0 17.49   ~ 206 1
91 4C 01.28 BLL 10 58 29.6054370384 +01 33 58.820502924   18.74 18.28 16.68   ~ 721 2
92 QSO B1057-797 BLL 10 58 43.3122762768 -80 03 54.163249236   19.08   17.31   ~ 169 0
93 QSO B1104-445 QSO 11 07 08.6939907024 -44 49 07.618243620   17.84 18.2 17.37   ~ 215 1
94 QSO B1124-186 QSO 11 27 04.3922636736 -18 57 17.439607512   19.17   19.23   ~ 203 1
95 QSO J1130-1449 QSO 11 30 07.0523452128 -14 49 27.388021944   17.17 16.90 16 16.97 ~ 666 1
96 QSO B1128+385 QSO 11 30 53.2825598016 +38 15 18.551693556   19.11 18.80 19.42   ~ 187 1
97 QSO B1144-3755 BLL 11 47 01.3709028048 -38 12 11.024763516   19.03 16.2 16.72   ~ 279 1
98 8C 1150+812 QSO 11 53 12.4986308136 +80 58 29.152394328     18.5 18.54   ~ 227 1
99 LB 2136 QSO 11 53 24.4668989616 +49 31 08.830641828   17.94 17.66     ~ 456 1
100 Ton 599 QSO 11 59 31.8338889192 +29 14 43.826803116   14.80 14.41 17.652 13.39 ~ 860 1
101 QSO B1206-238 BLL 12 09 02.4453061200 -24 06 20.767436424   19.31 18.0 18.57   ~ 49 1
102 QSO B1213-172 QSO 12 15 46.75176110 -17 31 45.4029502     21.4 17.50   ~ 132 1
103 NGC 4261 LIN 12 19 23.2160630 +05 49 29.700024   13.92 12.87     ~ 1178 0
104 QSO B1221-829 Bla 12 24 54.3637778904 -83 13 10.053141204   22.5   19.7   ~ 70 2
105 WMAP 170 QSO 12 29 06.3 +02 02 45           ~ 11 0
106 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6738 3
107 QSO J1246-2547 QSO 12 46 46.8017282136 -25 47 49.289500104   17.65 17.41 16.96 15.5 ~ 252 1
108 3C 279 Bla 12 56 11.1663795384 -05 47 21.528432492   18.01 17.75 15.87   ~ 2898 2
109 QSO B1255-316 QSO 12 57 59.0607048000 -31 55 16.851798876   19.06   17.86   ~ 99 1
110 NEWPS5 J1310+3220 QSO 13 10 29.5 +32 20 51           ~ 13 0
111 QSO B1313-333 QSO 13 16 07.9862714376 -33 38 59.173382076   18.04 20.0 17.23   ~ 235 1
112 7C 132734.79+320943.00 BLL 13 29 52.8652153392 +31 54 11.055273012   20.96 20.23 19.77   ~ 48 1
113 GB6 J1331+3030 Rad 13 31 08.0 +30 30 35           ~ 12 0
114 IC 4296 AGN 13 36 39.03275288 -33 57 57.0783023   11.52 12.99 10.00   ~ 468 2
115 QSO B1334-127 QSO 13 37 39.7829208840 -12 57 24.693846264   18.5 18.5 16.22   ~ 461 1
116 QSO B1352-104 QSO 13 54 46.5187266264 -10 41 02.655156480   18.20 18.4     ~ 143 1
117 ICRF J135704.4+191907 Sy1 13 57 04.4366598768 +19 19 07.371837768   16.33 16.03 15.3   ~ 431 2
118 QSO B1406-076 QSO 14 08 56.4814523928 -07 52 26.671164168   20.3 18.4     ~ 288 1
119 GB6 J1419+3822 Rad 14 19 45.9 +38 22 01           ~ 12 0
120 ICRF J142741.3-330531 BLL 14 27 41.3611529328 -33 05 31.504402104       17.48   ~ 52 0
121 QSO B1424-41 QSO 14 27 56.2977548952 -42 06 19.437654096   18.48 17.7 16.30   ~ 437 1
122 GB6 J1459+7140 Rad 14 59 07.1 +71 40 18           ~ 9 0
123 GB6 J1504+1029 Rad 15 04 24.0 +10 29 43           ~ 10 0
124 QSO J1512-0906 Bla 15 12 50.5330369584 -09 05 59.830296360   16.74 16.54     ~ 1239 1
125 4C 00.56 BLL 15 16 40.2189682032 +00 15 01.917107100   17.28 16.64 10.53   ~ 180 1
126 QSO B1514-24 BLL 15 17 41.8134049824 -24 22 19.482207024   15.13 14.00 13.95   ~ 704 3
127 QSO B1546+0246 QSO 15 49 29.4369280464 +02 37 01.161302952   17.57 17.42 15.53   ~ 334 1
128 4C 05.64 QSO 15 50 35.2692689760 +05 27 10.455019380   19.10 18.73 19.02   ~ 305 1
129 4C 10.45 QSO 16 08 46.2032041032 +10 29 07.779419592   18.5 18.0 18.03   ~ 358 1
130 6C 161147+342017 QSO 16 13 41.0642858568 +34 12 47.910181572   17.98 17.46 17.07   ~ 604 1
131 QSO B1610-771 QSO 16 17 49.2769354248 -77 17 18.470846112   19.19 19.0 17.32   ~ 148 1
132 WMAP J1632+8227 Rad 16 33 04.8 +82 26 45           ~ 7 0
133 4C 38.41 QSO 16 35 15.4928147784 +38 08 04.499799360   18.14 17.97 17.25   ~ 809 1
134 ICRF J163813.4+572023 Sy1 16 38 13.4562758136 +57 20 23.980140888     17.0 16.94   ~ 330 1
135 WMAP 69 QSO 16 42 07.4 +68 56 47           ~ 10 0
136 3C 345 QSO 16 42 58.8102993888 +39 48 37.002763188   16.81 16.59 16.84   ~ 1641 2
137 NAME Hercules A rG 16 51 07.9886687784 +04 59 35.547131472     18.25     ~ 448 1
138 4C 39.49 BLL 16 53 52.2160772976 +39 45 36.613228860 14.09 14.15 13.29 8.26   ~ 2037 2
139 GB6 J1658+0741 Rad 16 58 09.2 +07 41 25           ~ 7 0
140 ICRF J170336.5-621240 BLL 17 03 36.5416740192 -62 12 40.007129832   18.73   17.58   ~ 84 1
141 NGC 6328 QSO 17 23 41.0305522680 -65 00 36.624749364   13.17 13.2 11.45 12.2 ~ 221 1
142 7C 172601.30+453309.00 BLL 17 27 27.6508316304 +45 30 39.731315580   19.0 19.0 16.64   ~ 184 1
143 ICRF J173340.7-793555 QSO 17 33 40.7014728528 -79 35 55.717760616   18.67   18.18   ~ 44 1
144 GB6 J1734+3857 Rad 17 34 20.5 +38 57 45           ~ 11 0
145 4C 51.37 Bla 17 40 36.9781162752 +52 11 43.408067208   18.16 18.5 16.73   ~ 383 1
146 7C 1749+7006 BLL 17 48 32.8402992264 +70 05 50.768819304   17.46 17.01 15.48   ~ 404 1
147 QSO J1753+2848 QSO 17 53 42.4734601920 +28 48 04.935983076   19.6   20.28   ~ 98 1
148 NGC 6543 PN 17 58 33.4039587288 +66 37 58.750734000   11.09 11.28     [WC] 1146 1
149 8C 1803+784 BLL 18 00 45.6838528560 +78 28 04.018028016   16.4 16.4 15.46   ~ 701 1
150 QSO B1758-651 QSO 18 03 23.49666700 -65 07 36.7612094   18.18       ~ 58 1
151 3C 371 BLL 18 06 50.6802916920 +69 49 28.109609256   14.77 14.22 11.39   ~ 821 2
152 ICRF J181935.0-634548 Sy2 18 19 35.00241 -63 45 48.1926   16.80 14.40 13.4   ~ 140 1
153 NGC 6618 OpC 18 20 47 -16 10.3           ~ 1562 0
154 4C 56.27 BLL 18 24 07.0679485560 +56 51 01.479645612   18.9 18.4 16.48   ~ 456 1
155 ICRF J182931.7+484446 Sy1 18 29 31.7809732968 +48 44 46.160168892   17.05 16.81 16.860   ~ 663 1
156 QSO B1831-711 QSO 18 37 28.7148576048 -71 08 43.554135084   17.89 17.5 16.66   ~ 90 1
157 ICRF J184208.9+794617 Sy1 18 42 08.9904975672 +79 46 17.127835104   16.06 15.38     ~ 1265 0
158 8C 1842+681 BLL 18 42 33.6417494904 +68 09 25.226255988     17.9 18.01   ~ 118 1
159 ICRF J184916.0+670541 Sy1 18 49 16.0719656904 +67 05 41.681210424     20 17.45   ~ 237 1
160 QSO B1848+283 QSO 18 50 27.5898721080 +28 25 13.155071160   17.1 17 17.16   ~ 77 1
161 ICRF J190255.9+315941 Sy1 19 02 55.9388845368 +31 59 41.699274720     17.5     ~ 263 2
162 [VV2006] J192332.2-210433 QSO 19 23 32.1900306576 -21 04 33.324574944   15.32 17.50 16.70   ~ 137 2
163 6C 192647+611105 BLL 19 27 30.4428785736 +61 17 32.878880988   17.5 17.5 16.99   ~ 103 1
164 4C 73.18 BLL 19 27 48.4947009120 +73 58 01.572558816     15.5 15.11   ~ 509 2
165 QSO B1954+513 QSO 19 55 42.7384954488 +51 31 48.542394936     18.5 17.34   ~ 227 1
166 QSO B1954-388 QSO 19 57 59.8193971392 -38 45 06.356631852   18.47 17.07 16.73   ~ 199 1
167 QSO B1958-179 QSO 20 00 57.0904184064 -17 48 57.674464236   18.02 17.46 15.33   ~ 239 1
168 QSO B2008-159 QSO 20 11 15.7109686104 -15 46 40.254142440   17.27 17.2 16.35   ~ 163 1
169 ICRF J202206.6+613658 Sy2 20 22 06.6835988160 +61 36 58.816893852     19.5 17.58   ~ 311 1
170 GB6 J2024+1718 Bla 20 24 56.3 +17 18 08           ~ 8 0
171 QSO B2030-689 QSO 20 35 48.8762077032 -68 46 33.849580584   19.0   19.43   ~ 34 1
172 WMAP 15 Rad 20 38 36.4 -13 11 44           ~ 1 0
173 QSO B2052-474 QSO 20 56 16.3597417176 -47 14 47.625469512   18.29 19.1 18.07   ~ 287 1
174 ICRF J210931.8+353257 QSO 21 09 31.8787167000 +35 32 57.597617256   15.7   14.7   ~ 43 1
175 QSO B2106-413 QSO 21 09 33.1890328608 -41 10 20.613656604   20.20 21.0 20.41   ~ 104 1
176 QSO J2123+0535 QSO 21 23 44.5173734952 +05 35 22.093702692   18.3 17.5 19.86   ~ 271 1
177 QSO B2128-123 BLL 21 31 35.2617909696 -12 07 04.795364172   16.33 16.11 15.87   ~ 437 1
178 4C -02.81 BLL 21 34 10.3103777568 -01 53 17.234980584   18.6 19.0 18.87   ~ 350 1
179 QSO B2134+0028 QSO 21 36 38.5863558336 +00 41 54.211758468   17.30 17.08 17.02   ~ 545 2
180 QSO B2136+1410 QSO 21 39 01.3093296432 +14 23 35.988162648     18.5 18.22   ~ 241 1
181 ICRF J214335.5+174348 Sy1 21 43 35.5445200296 +17 43 48.786773700   15.91 15.73 15.17   ~ 365 1
182 QSO B2141-781 QSO 21 46 30.0662609232 -77 55 54.752242512   20.53   18.98   ~ 28 1
183 4C 06.69 QSO 21 48 05.4586454304 +06 57 38.602799388   16.85 16.47 15.06   ~ 631 1
184 QSO B2153-699 BLL 21 57 05.9801262624 -69 41 23.686042524   14.23 13.79 12.94   ~ 251 1
185 QSO B2155-152 QSO 21 58 06.2817399648 -15 01 09.329323800   18.63 17.5 17.79   ~ 303 1
186 NAME BL Lac BLL 22 02 43.2913536816 +42 16 39.979416792   15.66 14.72     ~ 2143 1
187 GB6 J2203+3145 Rad 22 03 15.8 +31 45 38           ~ 11 0
188 GB6 J2203+1725 Rad 22 03 26.7 +17 25 42           ~ 11 0
189 QSO B2203-188B QSO 22 06 10.4191299456 -18 35 38.685386940   18.80 19.74     ~ 164 1
190 BWE 2209+2340 QSO 22 12 05.9664991416 +23 55 40.543886604   19   19.69   ~ 204 1
191 4C -03.79 QSO 22 18 52.0376984088 -03 35 36.879875124   16.93 16.38 16.15   ~ 326 1
192 WMAP 61 Rad 22 20 09.5 +43 35 27           ~ 2 0
193 3C 446 BLL 22 25 47.2594205952 -04 57 01.390436856   18.83 18.39 16.3   ~ 795 1
194 AT20G J222940-083254 QSO 22 29 40.0843811352 -08 32 54.437624196   17.80 17.41 17.81   ~ 320 1
195 4C 11.69 QSO 22 32 36.4089639768 +11 43 50.904601176   17.75 17.33     ~ 1052 2
196 QSO B2232-488 QSO 22 35 13.2365933856 -48 35 58.795714752   17.61 17.2     ~ 120 1
197 GB6 J2236+2828 Rad 22 36 20.8 +28 28 56           ~ 10 0
198 ICRF J223912.0-570100 QSO 22 39 12.0757523928 -57 01 00.836317596       21.00   ~ 45 0
199 QSO J2246-1206 QSO 22 46 18.2322488304 -12 06 51.278055084   16.63 16.45 15.99   ~ 271 1
200 3C 454.3 Bla 22 53 57.7480438728 +16 08 53.561508864   16.57 16.10 15.22   ~ 2700 2
201 QSO B2254-204 BLL 22 56 41.2074627672 -20 11 40.512113340   19.04 18.5 18.18   ~ 79 1
202 ICRF J225805.9-275821 Sy1 22 58 05.9627218728 -27 58 21.258376248   17.34 16.77 17.20   ~ 327 1
203 2MASS J23154432-5018395 BLL 23 15 44.3303399712 -50 18 39.705789564 19.21 18.79 18.95 18.53   ~ 64 1
204 QSO B2329-16 BLL 23 31 38.6527958352 -15 56 57.011907156   20.72   20.65   ~ 122 1
205 QSO B2333-528 Bz? 23 36 12.14451 -52 36 21.9504   18.8       ~ 71 1
206 QSO B2345-167 QSO 23 48 02.6085903648 -16 31 12.023178096   18.00 18.41 16.86   ~ 379 1
207 4C 45.51 QSO 23 54 21.6801097296 +45 53 04.219359180   20.6 20.6 19.1   ~ 209 1
208 GB6 J2355+4950 Rad 23 56 28.3 +49 52 00           ~ 7 0
209 QSO B2355-534 BLL 23 57 53.2654228152 -53 11 13.688384748   18.63 17.8 16.89   ~ 148 1
210 2MASX J23590436-6054594 Sy2 23 59 04.2969180072 -60 54 59.088984660   16.61       ~ 123 1

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2003ApJS..148...97B and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


2022.10.03-00:31:27

© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact