High-resolution spectroscopy of the pulsating white dwarf G29-38.
THOMPSON S.E., CLEMENS J.C., VAN KERKWIJK M.H. and KOESTER D.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the analysis of time-resolved, high-resolution spectra of the cool white dwarf pulsator, G29-38. From measuring the Doppler shifts of the Hα core, we detect velocity changes as large as 16.5 km.s–1 and conclude that they are due to the horizontal motions associated with the g-mode pulsations on the star. We detect seven pulsation modes from the velocity time series and identify the same modes in the flux variations. We discuss the properties of these modes and use the advantage of having both velocity and flux measurements of the pulsations to test the convective driving theory proposed for DAV stars. Our data show limited agreement with the expected relationships between the amplitudes and phases of the velocity and flux modes. Unexpectedly, the velocity curve shows evidence for harmonic distortion, in the form of a peak in the Fourier transform whose frequency is the exact sum of the two largest frequencies. Combination frequencies are a characteristic feature of the Fourier transforms of light curves of G29-38, but before now they have not been detected in the velocities, nor does published theory predict that they should exist. We compare our velocity combination frequency to combination frequencies found in the analysis of light curves of G29-38 and discuss what might account for the existence of velocity combinations with the properties we observe. We also use our high-resolution spectra to determine whether either rotation or pulsation can explain the truncated shape observed for the DAV star's line core. We are able to eliminate both mechanisms: the average spectrum does not fit the rotationally broadened model, and the time series of spectra provides proof that the pulsations do not significantly truncate the line.
Stars: Individual: Alphanumeric: G29-38 - Stars: Oscillations - Stars: Rotation - Stars: Variables: Other - Stars: White Dwarfs
Parag. 3 : BPM 31595 is a misprint for 31594