2003ApJ...583..712J


Query : 2003ApJ...583..712J

2003ApJ...583..712J - Astrophys. J., 583, 712-726 (2003/February-1)

Measuring distances and probing the unresolved populations of galaxies using surface brightness fluctuations.

JENSEN J.B., TONRY J.L., BARRIS B.J., THOMPSON R.I., LIU M.C., RIEKE M.J., AJHAR E.A. and BLAKESLEE J.P.

Abstract (from CDS):

To empirically calibrate the IR surface brightness fluctuation (SBF) distance scale and probe the properties of unresolved stellar populations, we measured fluctuations in 65 galaxies using NICMOS on the Hubble Space Telescope. The early-type galaxies in this sample include elliptical and S0 galaxies and spiral bulges in a variety of environments. Absolute fluctuation magnitudes in the F160W (1.6 µm) filter (MF160W) were derived for each galaxy using previously measured I-band SBF and Cepheid variable star distances. F160W SBFs can be used to measure distances to early-type galaxies with a relative accuracy of ∼10%, provided that the galaxy color is known to ∼0.035 mag or better. Near-IR fluctuations can also reveal the properties of the most luminous stellar populations in galaxies. Comparison of F160W fluctuation magnitudes and optical colors to stellar population model predictions suggests that bluer elliptical and S0 galaxies have significantly younger populations than redder ones and may also be more metal-rich. There are no galaxies in this sample with fluctuation magnitudes consistent with old, metal-poor (t>5 Gyr, [Fe/H]←0.7) stellar population models. Composite stellar population models imply that bright fluctuations in the bluer galaxies may be the result of an episode of recent star formation in a fraction of the total mass of a galaxy. Age estimates from the F160W fluctuation magnitudes are consistent with those measured using the Hβ Balmer-line index. The two types of measurements make use of completely different techniques and are sensitive to stars in different evolutionary phases. Both techniques reveal the presence of intermediate-age stars in the early-type galaxies of this sample.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: Distances and Redshifts - Galaxies: Evolution - Galaxies: Stellar Content

Simbad objects: 88

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Number of rows : 88
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NGC 7814 GiG 00 03 14.947 +16 08 42.82   12.0       ~ 274 0
2 M 32 IG 00 42 41.825 +40 51 54.61 9.51 9.03 8.08     ~ 2095 2
3 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11895 1
4 NGC 404 LIN 01 09 27.1 +35 43 05   12.56 11.73     ~ 440 0
5 NGC 524 GiP 01 24 47.7429545736 +09 32 20.089023900   11.5       ~ 444 1
6 NGC 708 BiC 01 52 46.482 +36 09 06.53 14.85 14.27 13.29 12.67 12.09 ~ 228 3
7 ACO 262 ClG 01 52 50.4 +36 08 46           ~ 677 1
8 NGC 821 G 02 08 21.1358498040 +10 59 41.832436704   12.210 11.310 10.739 9.744 ~ 556 0
9 NGC 1052 GiP 02 41 04.7997864552 -08 15 20.761481016 11.84 11.41 10.47 10.71   ~ 1233 2
10 NAME NGC 1052 Group GrG 02 41 09.3 -08 07 10           ~ 63 0
11 NGC 1172 GiP 03 01 36.0605047968 -14 50 11.499147312   12.87       ~ 143 0
12 NAME NGC 1209 Group GrG 03 02 05.9 -15 49 14           ~ 23 0
13 NGC 1316 GiP 03 22 41.789 -37 12 29.52 9.81 9.15 8.53 7.66   ~ 1296 1
14 NGC 1339 GiG 03 28 06.5493649512 -32 17 09.840527844   12.63   11.18   ~ 156 0
15 NGC 1340 GiG 03 28 19.6251763296 -31 04 05.435465520   11.20 10.32 9.70   ~ 204 1
16 NGC 1351 GiG 03 30 34.9598617824 -34 51 14.242996620   12.30   10.85   ~ 167 0
17 NGC 1365 Sy1 03 33 36.458 -36 08 26.37 10.48 10.08 9.63 8.79 9.7 ~ 1650 2
18 NGC 1373 GiP 03 34 59.1993515280 -35 10 15.879086760 14.44 14.03 13.26     ~ 114 1
19 NGC 1374 GiP 03 35 16.5885737352 -35 13 34.563417168 12.46 11.97 11.08 10.59   ~ 270 1
20 NGC 1375 GiG 03 35 16.8025873104 -35 15 56.371399740 13.50 13.02 12.40 11.74   ~ 151 1
21 NGC 1379 GiP 03 36 03.9668625792 -35 26 28.547476800 12.17 12.04 10.91 10.60   ~ 251 1
22 NGC 1380 GiP 03 36 27.590 -34 58 34.68 11.32 10.94 9.93 9.37   ~ 399 1
23 NGC 1381 GiP 03 36 31.6592184144 -35 17 42.739221912 12.90 12.47 11.50 11.02   ~ 230 1
24 NGC 1386 GiP 03 36 46.238 -35 59 57.39 12.42 12.16 11.23 10.76   ~ 498 1
25 ESO 358-33 GiG 03 36 47.5007323848 -34 44 22.739259552 13.63 13.36 12.41 12.00   ~ 126 1
26 NGC 1387 GiP 03 36 57.0337458600 -35 30 23.675934060 12.18 11.75 10.69 10.16   ~ 240 1
27 NGC 1389 GiP 03 37 11.7427350576 -35 44 45.873195000 12.80 12.39 11.50 10.99   ~ 184 1
28 NGC 1399 BiC 03 38 29.083 -35 27 02.67 11.05 9.74 9.59 8.12   ~ 1515 1
29 ACO S 373 ClG 03 38 30 -35 27.3           ~ 1699 0
30 NAME Eridanus ClG GrG 03 38 32.00 -22 18 51.0           ~ 160 0
31 NGC 1404 GiP 03 38 51.917 -35 35 39.81 11.53 10.69 10.00 9.03   ~ 715 1
32 NGC 1400 EmG 03 39 30.851 -18 41 17.25 12.48 12.01 10.96 10.45   ~ 288 1
33 NGC 1427 GiG 03 42 19.4455150392 -35 23 33.169251120   11.89   10.44   ~ 263 0
34 NGC 1426 GiG 03 42 49.0997091480 -22 06 30.173615028   12.21 11.44 10.90   ~ 189 0
35 IC 2006 EmG 03 54 28.4628183240 -35 58 01.673622516   12.39   10.94 11.9 ~ 201 0
36 NGC 1553 GiP 04 16 10.4697802536 -55 46 48.072797400 10.76 10.10 9.40 8.74   ~ 366 2
37 NAME NGC 1566 Group GrG 04 20 00.6 -54 56 17           ~ 141 0
38 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 16168 1
39 NGC 3032 AGN 09 52 08.1524118072 +29 14 10.364182440   13.87 13.28     ~ 243 0
40 NGC 3056 GiG 09 54 32.8538928504 -28 17 53.628683496   12.61   11.00 12.0 ~ 70 0
41 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.1726556496 +69 03 55.062505368   7.89 6.94     ~ 4201 3
42 M 95 GiP 10 43 57.7313485800 +11 42 13.301191332 10.71 10.51 9.73 9.48   ~ 1032 2
43 M 96 GiP 10 46 45.744 +11 49 11.78 10.42 10.15 9.25 8.99   ~ 783 1
44 M 105 LIN 10 47 49.600 +12 34 53.87   10.56 9.76 9.12 8.18 ~ 1424 0
45 NAME M96 Group GrG 10 48 +13.3           ~ 298 0
46 NGC 3384 GiG 10 48 16.8855574392 +12 37 45.371165844   10.0       ~ 572 1
47 NGC 3928 AGN 11 51 47.6194275264 +48 40 59.261680020   13.1       ~ 168 0
48 [FWB89] GrG 155 GrG 11 56.4 +47 30   6.4       ~ 17 0
49 NGC 4143 LIN 12 09 36.0679174440 +42 32 03.031963368   13.04 12.08     ~ 225 0
50 NGC 4150 GiG 12 10 33.655 +30 24 05.35 12.72 12.44 11.64     ~ 300 2
51 M 106 Sy2 12 18 57.620 +47 18 13.39   9.14 8.41 8.11   ~ 2241 3
52 NGC 4261 LIN 12 19 23.2160630 +05 49 29.700024   13.92 12.87     ~ 1174 0
53 NAME Virgo W GrG 12 20.0 +05 48   6.3       ~ 80 0
54 NGC 4278 LIN 12 20 06.8253868 +29 16 50.713486 11.54 11.09 10.16     ~ 917 2
55 NGC 4291 GiG 12 20 17.699 +75 22 15.47   17.0       ~ 290 1
56 NAME NGC 4278 Group GrG 12 21 +29.0           ~ 7 0
57 NGC 4365 GiG 12 24 28.228 +07 19 03.07   11.5       ~ 820 0
58 M 86 GiG 12 26 11.814 +12 56 45.49 10.32 9.83 8.90   7.50 ~ 1049 1
59 NAME Virgo Cluster ClG 12 26 32.1 +12 43 24           ~ 6290 0
60 NGC 4434 GiG 12 27 36.6771662112 +08 09 15.640206876   13.2       ~ 244 0
61 NGC 4458 GiP 12 28 57.5613938232 +13 14 30.946545276 13.27 12.93 12.07     ~ 402 2
62 M 49 Sy2 12 29 46.798 +08 00 01.48   13.21 12.17     ~ 2029 2
63 [FWB89] GrG 235 GrG 12 30 +26.0           ~ 4 0
64 NGC 4489 GiG 12 30 52.2472748976 +16 45 31.866359004   13.2       ~ 247 0
65 NAME NGC 4386 Group GrG 12 31.6 +74 14   10.4       ~ 11 0
66 NGC 4527 GiP 12 34 08.496 +02 39 13.72   12.4       ~ 515 2
67 NGC 4536 GiP 12 34 27.129 +02 11 16.37 11.14 11.16 10.55 17.393   ~ 803 3
68 NGC 4565 LIN 12 36 20.804 +25 59 14.61   13.61 12.43     ~ 919 0
69 NGC 4589 LIN 12 37 24.9947272584 +74 11 30.861224124   12.0       ~ 275 1
70 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.4302501832 -11 37 22.988264808 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1336 3
71 NAME NGC 4636 Group GrG 12 42 49.5 +02 41 08           ~ 556 0
72 NGC 4636 LIN 12 42 49.8333280080 +02 41 15.951929028   12.62 11.84     ~ 1077 1
73 NGC 4709 GiG 12 50 03.9037103928 -41 22 55.094298420   12.48 11.32 10.89   ~ 121 0
74 NGC 4725 Sy2 12 50 26.5716367992 +25 30 02.733090588   13.45 12.44     ~ 653 2
75 [FWB89] GrG 59 GrG 12 54 -85.0           ~ 2 0
76 NGC 5193 BiC 13 31 53.5259062992 -33 14 03.597186840   12.69 11.92 11.31   ~ 99 0
77 IC 4296 AGN 13 36 39.03275288 -33 57 57.0783023   11.52 12.99 10.00   ~ 467 2
78 NGC 5273 Sy1 13 42 08.3801616672 +35 39 15.467518836   14.01 13.12     ~ 434 0
79 NAME NGC 5846 Group GrG 15 05 47.0 +01 34 25           ~ 141 0
80 NGC 5845 GiG 15 06 00.7823239488 +01 38 01.704838596   13.8 11.20 12.06 9.94 ~ 366 0
81 NAME Ursa Major Cluster ClG 15 08.8 +67 07           ~ 402 0
82 [FWB89] GrG 82 GrG 21 06 -48.0           ~ 2 0
83 NGC 7014 BiC 21 07 52.1518322976 -47 10 44.295026412   12.93 12.25 11.56   ~ 97 1
84 NGC 7280 GiP 22 26 27.5758899936 +16 08 53.421593496   13.6       ~ 154 0
85 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.0506038088 +34 24 56.800076508 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1174 2
86 NGC 7457 G 23 00 59.9263288440 +30 08 41.764398792   11.04 11.87     ~ 422 0
87 NGC 7743 Sy2 23 44 21.1607807112 +09 56 02.970989664   14.19 13.28     ~ 305 0
88 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 7726 0

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2022.08.18-04:41:24

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