Astron. J., 125, 1397-1406 (2003/March-0)
On the galactic disk metallicity distribution from open clusters. I. New catalogs and abundance gradient.
CHEN L., HOU J.L. and WANG J.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have compiled two new open cluster catalogs. In the first one, there are 119 objects with ages, distances, and metallicities available, while in the second one, 144 objects have both absolute proper motion and radial velocity data, of which 45 clusters also have metallicity data available. Taking advantage of the large number of objects included in our sample, we present an iron radial gradient of about -0.063±0.008 dex/kpc from the first sample, which is quite consistent with the most recent determination of the oxygen gradient from nebulae and young stars, about -0.07 dex/kpc. By dividing clusters into age groups, we show that the iron gradient was steeper in the past, which is consistent with the recent result from Galactic planetary nebulae data, and also consistent with inside-out galactic disk formation scenarios. Based on the cluster sample, we also discuss the metallicity distribution, cluster kinematics, and space distribution. A disk age-metallicity relation could be implied by those properties, although we cannot give conclusive result from the age- metallicity diagram based on the current sample. More observations are needed for metal-poor clusters. From the second catalog, we have calculated the velocity components in cylindrical coordinates with respect to the Galactic standard of rest for 144 open clusters. The velocity dispersions of the older clusters are larger than those of young clusters, but they are all much smaller than that of the Galactic thick disk stars.
Galaxy: Evolution - Galaxy: Formation - Galaxy: Open Clusters and Associations: General
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/125/1397): table1.dat table2.dat refs.dat>
Tables 1, 2: numbering in col(1) not used in SIMBAD.
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