2003A&A...407..791M


Query : 2003A&A...407..791M

2003A&A...407..791M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 407, 791-822 (2003/9-1)

An ISOCAM survey through gravitationally lensing galaxy clusters. I. Source lists and source counts for A370, A2218 and A2390.

METCALFE L., KNEIB J.-P., McBREEN B., ALTIERI B., BIVIANO A., DELANEY M., ELBAZ D., KESSLER M.F., LEECH K., OKUMURA K., OTT S., PEREZ-MARTINEZ R., SANCHEZ-FERNANDEZ C. and SCHULZ B.

Abstract (from CDS):

ESA's Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) was used to perform a deep survey with ISOCAM through three massive gravitationally lensing clusters of galaxies. The total area surveyed depends on source flux, with nearly seventy square arcminutes covered for the brighter flux levels in maps centred on the three clusters Abell 370, Abell 2218 and Abell 2390. We present maps and photometry at 6.7µm (hereafter 7µm) and 14.3µm (hereafter 15µm), showing a total of 145 mid-infrared sources and the associated source counts. At 15µm these counts reach the faintest level yet recorded. Almost all of the sources have been confirmed on more than one infrared map and all are identified with counterparts in the optical or near-infrared. Detailed models of the three clusters have been used to correct for the effects of gravitational lensing on the background source population. Lensing by the clusters increases the sensitivity of the survey, and the weakest sources have lensing corrected fluxes of 5 and 18µJy at 7 and 15µm, respectively. Roughly 70% of the 15µm sources are lensed background galaxies. Of sources detected only at 7µm, 95% are cluster galaxies for this sample. Of fifteen SCUBA sources within the mapped regions of the three clusters seven were detected at 15 microns. The redshifts for five of these sources lie in the range 0.23 to 2.8, with a median value of 0.9. Flux selected subsets of the field sources above the 80% and 50% completeness limits were used to derive source counts to a lensing corrected sensitivity level of 30µJy at 15µm, and 14µJy at 7µm. The source counts, corrected for the effects of completeness, contamination by cluster sources and lensing, confirm and extend earlier findings of an excess by a factor of ten in the 15µm population with respect to source models with no evolution. The observed mid-infrared field sources occur mostly at redshifts between 0.4 and 1.5. For the counts at 7µm, integrating in the range 14µJy to 460µJy, we resolve (0.49±0.2)x10–9W/m2/sr of the infrared background light into discrete sources. At 15µm we include the counts from other extensive ISOCAM surveys to integrate over the range 30µJy to 50mJy, reaching two to three times deeper than the unlensed surveys to resolve (2.7±0.62)x10–9W/m2/sr of the infrared background light. These values correspond to 10% and 55%, respectively, of the upper limit to the infrared background light, derived from photon-photon pair production of the high energy gamma rays from BL-Lac sources on the infrared background photons. However, the recent detections of TeV gamma rays from the z=0.129 BL Lac H1426+428 suggest that the value for the 15µm background reported here is already sufficient to imply substantial absorption of TeV gamma rays from that source.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): surveys - galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 370 - galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 2218 - galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 2390 - gravitational lensing - infrared: galaxies

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/407/791): table4.dat table5.dat table6.dat table7.dat table8.dat table9.dat>

Nomenclature: Figs 4, 5, Tables 4, 7: [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 NNa (Nos 1-25, 11b-11c ). Figs 6, 7, Tables 5, 8: [MKM 2003] ISO ACO 2218 NNa N=68 among (Nos 2-75) + (Nos 15a-15b, 36a-36b, 61a-61b, 73a-73b). Figs 8, 9, Tables 6, 9: [MKM2003] ISO A CO 2390 NNa N=37 among (Nos 2-49) + (Nos 8a-8b, 28a-28b, 42a-42b).

CDS comments: Table 2 : sources B NNN = LPS NNN. In reflist, Barvainis 1999 : ApJ is a misprint for AJ.

Simbad objects: 154

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Number of rows : 154
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 1 G 02 39 45.6 -01 33 13           ~ 1 0
2 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 2 G 02 39 46.3 -01 36 48           ~ 1 0
3 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 3 G 02 39 48.1 -01 33 26           ~ 1 0
4 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 4 G 02 39 48.6 -01 35 14           ~ 1 0
5 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 5 G 02 39 49.4 -01 35 33           ~ 1 0
6 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 6 G 02 39 49.5 -01 35 14           ~ 1 0
7 ACO 370 ClG 02 39 50.5 -01 35 08           ~ 697 0
8 2MASX J02395099-0132258 G 02 39 51.0065054664 -01 32 25.373756328           ~ 2 0
9 BOW ACO 370 CC044 GiC 02 39 51.7 -01 36 09           ~ 2 0
10 [BMA2005] A370-319 G 02 39 51.8 -01 35 21           ~ 2 0
11 NAME SMM J023952-0136 Sy2 02 39 51.9 -01 35 58     21.90     ~ 40 0
12 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 11b G 02 39 52.7 -01 35 06           ~ 1 0
13 SDSS J023952.72-013418.8 BiC 02 39 52.732 -01 34 18.90   20.40       ~ 24 0
14 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 11 G 02 39 53.0 -01 34 59           ~ 1 0
15 SDSS J023953.12-013455.9 GiC 02 39 53.126 -01 34 55.98   20.93       ~ 25 0
16 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 13 G 02 39 53.5 -01 33 20           ~ 1 0
17 BOW ACO 370 CC039 GiC 02 39 54.440 -01 33 36.03   20.13       ~ 12 1
18 2MASX J02395459-0132338 AGN 02 39 54.6028502304 -01 32 33.604783908   16.0       ~ 18 0
19 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 16 G 02 39 55.9 -01 37 01           ~ 1 0
20 2MASX J02395633-0131368 AGN 02 39 56.3239042488 -01 31 36.784159104   16.80 15.9 15.71   ~ 8 0
21 [BCS99b] ACO 370 L5 smm 02 39 56.51 -01 34 25.7   20.44       ~ 50 0
22 NAME LRG J0239-0134 Sy2 02 39 56.568 -01 34 26.49   20.44       ~ 56 0
23 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 19 G 02 39 56.9 -01 36 49           ~ 1 0
24 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 20 G 02 39 57.5 -01 33 16           ~ 1 0
25 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 21 G 02 39 58.0 -01 32 26           ~ 1 0
26 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 22 G 02 39 59.0 -01 33 55           ~ 1 0
27 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 23 G 02 40 00.1 -01 35 34           ~ 1 0
28 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 370 24 G 02 40 00.6 -01 33 44           ~ 1 0
29 BOW ACO 370 CC059 GiC 02 40 00.9 -01 36 16           ~ 6 0
30 Mrk 421 BLL 11 04 27.3140835504 +38 12 31.798495872   13.50 12.90 8.31   ~ 2540 1
31 QSO B1426+428 BLL 14 28 32.6090008440 +42 40 21.048123396   16.95 16.45 14.4   ~ 483 2
32 BOW ACO 2218 CC059 GiC 16 35 32.2 +66 12 02           ~ 2 0
33 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 3 * 16 35 33.2675066112 +66 12 57.076733988           ~ 2 0
34 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 4 * 16 35 33.7907598936 +66 11 11.527358280           ~ 2 0
35 BOW ACO 2218 CC109 GiC 16 35 34.3 +66 13 11           ~ 3 0
36 2MASX J16353478+6612331 GiC 16 35 34.8053767488 +66 12 32.917043700           ~ 5 0
37 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 7 GiC 16 35 36.4 +66 13 31           ~ 2 0
38 [RS2005] ACO 2218 98 GiC 16 35 37.2 +66 13 12           ~ 3 0
39 BOW ACO 2218 CC319 GiC 16 35 39.0 +66 13 07           ~ 2 0
40 BOW ACO 2218 CC289 GiC 16 35 39.4 +66 12 05           ~ 2 0
41 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 11 * 16 35 40.1626886952 +66 13 21.327493512           ~ 2 0
42 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 12 * 16 35 40.4 +66 14 25           ~ 2 0
43 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 13 GiC 16 35 40.9 +66 13 30           ~ 4 0
44 [RS2005] ACO 2218 242 GiC 16 35 41.23 +66 13 45.7           ~ 5 0
45 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 15a GiC 16 35 42.1 +66 12 10           ~ 2 0
46 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 15b * 16 35 42.4230901464 +66 12 07.823630412           ~ 2 0
47 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 16 * 16 35 42.8499645264 +66 14 27.601869264           ~ 2 0
48 [RS2005] ACO 2218 118 GiC 16 35 43.89 +66 11 54.6           ~ 5 0
49 [RS2005] ACO 2218 204 GiC 16 35 44.1337917720 +66 13 20.032159260           ~ 10 0
50 [RS2005] ACO 2218 22 GiC 16 35 44.60 +66 14 23.0           ~ 3 0
51 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 20 GiC 16 35 45.02 +66 12 44.7           ~ 9 0
52 [RS2005] ACO 2218 90 G 16 35 46.8593991384 +66 12 22.565029680   21.131 19.597     ~ 11 0
53 [RS2005] ACO 2218 205 GiC 16 35 47.22 +66 13 14.8   19.7       ~ 12 0
54 [RS2005] ACO 2218 201 GiC 16 35 47.3321206104 +66 14 44.487530016   20.105 18.517     ~ 15 0
55 [RS2005] ACO 2218 212 GiC 16 35 47.6753044632 +66 11 07.808979336   20.298 18.773     ~ 8 0
56 [RS2005] ACO 2218 122 GiC 16 35 48.3 +66 11 26           ~ 4 0
57 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 26 GiC 16 35 48.48 +66 12 01.7           ~ 3 0
58 [ZEH2003] RX J1635.8+6612 12 LeI 16 35 49.05 +66 13 00.8   19.4       ~ 8 0
59 LEDA 140648 BiC 16 35 49.1 +66 12 40   17.5       ~ 24 1
60 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 29 GiC 16 35 49.6 +66 13 34           ~ 4 0
61 [ZEH2003] RX J1635.8+6612 5 G 16 35 49.92 +66 12 23.4   20.578 18.955     ~ 15 0
62 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 32 GiC 16 35 51.39 +66 13 11.9   21.107 19.531     ~ 8 0
63 [ZEH2003] RX J1635.8+6612 8 G 16 35 51.80 +66 12 33.1   20.0       ~ 13 0
64 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 34 GiC 16 35 53.1 +66 12 30           ~ 8 0
65 BOW ACO 2218 CC196 GiC 16 35 53.49 +66 12 57.2           ~ 7 0
66 ACO 2218 ClG 16 35 54.0 +66 13 00           ~ 790 1
67 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 36a G 16 35 54.2 +66 14 05           ~ 1 0
68 [RS2005] ACO 2218 237 G 16 35 54.60 +66 14 00.2   20.585 19.044     ~ 6 0
69 NAME SMM J16359+66118 GiC 16 35 54.8 +66 11 52           ~ 23 2
70 [RS2005] ACO 2218 158 GiC 16 35 54.85 +66 10 14.5   20.878 19.326     ~ 4 0
71 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 40 GiC 16 35 55.0 +66 12 38           ~ 2 0
72 LPS 292 G 16 35 55.0463014200 +66 10 58.619571492   21.796 20.238     ~ 7 0
73 LPS 283 G 16 35 55.24 +66 14 11.8           ~ 4 0
74 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 43 G 16 35 55.4 +66 10 30           ~ 1 0
75 [RS2005] ACO 2218 80 GiC 16 35 55.7 +66 13 16           ~ 5 0
76 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 44 GiC 16 35 55.7 +66 13 28           ~ 3 0
77 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 46 GiC 16 35 56.6 +66 14 03           ~ 4 0
78 2MASX J16355685+6611547 G 16 35 56.854 +66 11 54.74   19.4       ~ 15 0
79 [RS2005] ACO 2218 25 G 16 35 57.2 +66 14 37           ~ 2 0
80 2MASX J16355720+6611077 G 16 35 57.2339255952 +66 11 08.102257728   20.270 18.663     ~ 6 0
81 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 50 G 16 35 57.5 +66 10 08           ~ 1 0
82 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 49 GiC 16 35 57.8 +66 14 22           ~ 2 0
83 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 51 GiC 16 35 58.0 +66 11 11           ~ 2 0
84 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 52 GiC 16 35 59.05 +66 11 47.5           ~ 3 0
85 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 53 GiC 16 35 59.12 +66 12 01.3           ~ 7 0
86 [RS2005] ACO 2218 210 G 16 35 59.4333382128 +66 12 06.287589036   20.826 19.224     ~ 10 0
87 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 55 G 16 36 00.3 +66 09 41           ~ 1 0
88 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 56 * 16 36 00.7 +66 13 20           ~ 2 0
89 [RS2005] ACO 2218 213 G 16 36 02.17 +66 11 52.3           ~ 12 0
90 LEDA 2684772 GiC 16 36 02.2642113723 +66 12 34.217645850   19.89       ~ 13 1
91 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 59 GiC 16 36 02.52 +66 13 50.8           ~ 5 0
92 [RS2005] ACO 2218 49 G 16 36 03.81 +66 13 33.9           ~ 5 0
93 [RS2005] ACO 2218 214 GiC 16 36 04.0451847864 +66 11 40.057482984           ~ 8 0
94 [RS2005] ACO 2218 50 GiC 16 36 04.14 +66 13 02.2           ~ 5 0
95 [ADR2016] Abell 2218 977 G 16 36 04.2672614136 +66 13 25.058040456   20.516 18.882     ~ 10 0
96 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 64 GiC 16 36 04.4 +66 10 56           ~ 2 0
97 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 65 GiC 16 36 05.1 +66 10 43           ~ 2 0
98 [ADR2016] Abell 2218 1680 G 16 36 06.4493886696 +66 12 47.575828944           ~ 9 0
99 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 67 GiC 16 36 06.45 +66 12 29.3           ~ 3 0
100 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 68 GiC 16 36 07.43 +66 13 00.3           ~ 4 0
101 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 69 GiC 16 36 07.6 +66 12 21           ~ 2 0
102 [RS2005] ACO 2218 131 G 16 36 07.7 +66 11 37           ~ 3 0
103 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 73a GiC 16 36 09.28 +66 13 47.6           ~ 3 0
104 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 71 * 16 36 09.4325240616 +66 11 16.834548012           ~ 2 0
105 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 72 * 16 36 09.7001474256 +66 11 57.029329716           ~ 2 0
106 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2218 74 GiC 16 36 09.9 +66 13 15           ~ 3 0
107 [RS2005] ACO 2218 36 G 16 36 10.3 +66 13 48           ~ 2 0
108 [RS2005] ACO 2218 225 GiC 16 36 11.7 +66 12 52           ~ 3 0
109 4C 39.49 BLL 16 53 52.2160772976 +39 45 36.613228860 14.09 14.15 13.29 8.26   ~ 2037 2
110 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 2 G 21 53 29.5 +17 42 14           ~ 1 0
111 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 3 G 21 53 30.3 +17 41 45           ~ 1 0
112 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 4 G 21 53 30.4 +17 42 56           ~ 1 0
113 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 6 G 21 53 31.1 +17 41 23           ~ 1 0
114 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 8a G 21 53 31.2 +17 42 25           ~ 1 0
115 CNOC ACO 2390 101033 GiC 21 53 31.422 +17 41 33.68           ~ 8 0
116 CNOC ACO 2390 101374 GiC 21 53 31.4667641760 +17 42 28.266534828           ~ 6 0
117 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 9 G 21 53 32.0 +17 41 24           ~ 1 0
118 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 10 G 21 53 32.2 +17 41 43           ~ 1 0
119 CNOC ACO 2390 101497 GiC 21 53 32.404 +17 42 48.76           ~ 4 0
120 CNOC ACO 2390 100955 GiC 21 53 32.8 +17 41 23           ~ 5 0
121 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 19 G 21 53 33.1 +17 42 49           ~ 1 0
122 CXOU J215333.2+174209 QSO 21 53 33.2 +17 42 09   26.27 25.25     ~ 15 0
123 CNOC ACO 2390 101190 GiC 21 53 33.6 +17 42 00           ~ 5 0
124 CNOC ACO 2390 100995 GiC 21 53 33.6584116272 +17 41 26.641672260           ~ 6 0
125 CNOC ACO 2390 101695 GiC 21 53 33.7 +17 43 23           ~ 5 0
126 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 24 G 21 53 33.8 +17 40 49           ~ 1 0
127 CXOU J215333.8+174113 X 21 53 33.8 +17 41 13   24.32 23.64     ~ 6 0
128 NAME ACO 2390 H1 Arc LeG 21 53 34.0 +17 41 59   21.9 21.5   22.68 ~ 17 0
129 CXOU J215334.0+174242 QSO 21 53 34.0 +17 42 40   26.11 25.39     ~ 9 0
130 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 26 G 21 53 34.2 +17 40 27           ~ 1 0
131 [BM2000] 0563.1+0236.0 LeG 21 53 34.390 +17 42 21.19   23.5 22.4     ~ 9 0
132 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 29 G 21 53 34.4 +17 41 19           ~ 1 0
133 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 30 G 21 53 34.4 +17 43 23           ~ 1 0
134 [CBK2002] 14 LeI 21 53 34.520 +17 42 02.32           ~ 11 0
135 CNOC ACO 2390 101183 GiC 21 53 34.5897 +17 41 57.079           ~ 6 0
136 ACO 2390 ClG 21 53 34.6 +17 40 11           ~ 653 2
137 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 32 G 21 53 35.2 +17 43 26           ~ 1 0
138 CNOC ACO 2390 101136 GiC 21 53 35.3 +17 41 53           ~ 5 0
139 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 33 G 21 53 35.4 +17 42 36           ~ 1 0
140 CNOC ACO 2390 100890 GiC 21 53 35.5 +17 41 11           ~ 4 0
141 CNOC ACO 2390 100908 GiC 21 53 36.2353455744 +17 41 12.101889840           ~ 6 0
142 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 36 G 21 53 36.6 +17 42 16           ~ 1 0
143 NAME SMM J21536+1741 BiC 21 53 36.82670 +17 41 43.7260     19.58     ~ 40 2
144 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 40 G 21 53 37.5 +17 42 30           ~ 1 0
145 CNOC ACO 2390 100956 GiC 21 53 37.5614068776 +17 41 22.206438672           ~ 5 0
146 CNOC ACO 2390 101077 GiC 21 53 37.6 +17 41 44           ~ 3 0
147 CNOC ACO 2390 100881 GiC 21 53 37.7087 +17 41 08.726           ~ 5 0
148 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 42b G 21 53 37.8 +17 41 55           ~ 1 0
149 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 42a G 21 53 38.0 +17 41 56           ~ 1 0
150 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 43 G 21 53 38.3 +17 42 17           ~ 2 0
151 CNOC ACO 2390 101106 GiC 21 53 38.369 +17 41 47.78           ~ 5 0
152 CNOC ACO 2390 101099 GiC 21 53 38.4 +17 41 48           ~ 3 1
153 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 45 G 21 53 38.9 +17 42 27           ~ 1 0
154 [MKM2003] ISO ACO 2390 47 G 21 53 39.8 +17 41 56           ~ 1 0

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