The spectral distribution of normal star-forming galaxies: calibration at far-infrared and submillimeter wavelengths.
DALE D.A. and HELOU G.
Abstract (from CDS):
New far-infrared and submillimeter data are used to solidify and to extend to long wavelengths the empirical calibration of the infrared spectral energy distribution (SED) of normal star-forming galaxies. As was found by Dale and coworkers in 2001, a single parameter family, characterized by fν(60µm)/fν(100µm), is adequate to describe the range of normal galaxy SEDs observed by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite and Infrared Space Observatory from 3 to 100 µm. However, predictions based on the first-generation models at longer wavelengths (122-850 µm) are increasingly overluminous compared to the data for smaller fν(60µm)/fν(100µm), or alternatively, for weaker global interstellar radiation fields. After slightly modifying the far-infrared/submillimeter dust emissivity in those models as a function of the radiation field intensity to better match the long-wavelength data, a suite of SEDs from 3 µm to 20 cm in wavelength is presented. Result. from relevant applications are also discussed, including submillimeter-based photometric redshift indicators, the infrared energy budget and simple formulae for recovering the bolometric infrared luminosity, and dust mass estimates in galaxies. Regarding the latter, since galaxy infrared SEDs are not well described by single blackbody curves, the usual methods of estimating dust masses can be grossly inadequate. The improved model presented herein is used to provide a more accurate relation between infrared luminosity and dust mass.
ISM: Dust, Extinction - Galaxies: General - Galaxies: ISM - Infrared: Galaxies - Infrared: ISM