SIMBAD references

2001ApJ...551..747S - Astrophys. J., 551, 747-763 (2001/April-3)

The structure of four molecular cloud complexes in the BU-FCRAO Milky Way galactic ring survey.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present a study of the structure of four molecular clouds from the Milky Way Galactic Ring Survey (GRS), a Boston University and Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory collaboration. The GRS is a new high-resolution survey in the 13CO J=1⟶0 spectral line of the inner Galaxy and the 5 kpc ring, the Milky Way's dominant star-forming structure. Because of the smaller line widths of 13CO compared to 12CO, we can avoid velocity crowding and establish accurate kinematic distances to the clouds. The kinematic distance ambiguity in the first Galactic quadrant is resolved using self-absorption in complementary high-resolution atomic hydrogen data. The four clouds are selected to span a large range of star formation activity, from the quiescent cloud GRSMC 45.60+0.30, which shows no signs of high-mass star formation, to W49, the most luminous star-forming region in the Galaxy. We use a three-dimensional Gaussian clump decomposition to identify clumps in the clouds and to investigate their properties. Each cloud has the same clump mass spectrum, dN/dM∝M–1.8, independent of star formation activity. We do not find significant differences in the slopes of the relations of density, line width, and clump mass as a function of clump size among the clouds. The size-density and size-line width relations show considerable scatter. Compared to the conventional Larson scaling laws, we find systematically flatter slopes for the size-density and size-line width relations and a higher power-law index for the size-mass relation. In particular, the clump line widths for the most quiescent cloud GRSMC 45.60+0.30 are independent of clump size. While the clouds as a whole are gravitationally bound, most of the clumps are not; only a small fraction of the total number of clumps is self-gravitating. The active star-forming clouds have a higher fraction of gravitationally bound clumps and a higher mean cloud volume density than the more quiescent clouds. The gravitationally unbound clumps are possibly confined by the weight of the self-gravitating complex. The pressures needed to bind these clumps are largest for the active star-forming clouds, which have a much higher weight than the quiescent clouds. Alternatively, a high number of the gravitationally unbound clumps may be transient.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: General - ISM: Clouds - ISM: Molecules - ISM: Structure - Radio Lines: ISM - Surveys

Nomenclature: Table 1: GRSMC N=3.

Simbad objects: 6

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