SIMBAD references

2000MNRAS.313..599C - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 313, 599-616 (2000/April-2)

Methanol masers at 107.0 and 156.6GHz.


Abstract (from CDS):

From a search of more than 80 southern class II methanol maser sites, we report measurements of 22 masers at 107.0GHz and four at 156.6GHz, mostly new discoveries. Class II sites, recognized by their strong emission at the 6.6-GHz methanol transition, are indirect indicators of new-born massive stars, and several hundred have been documented; only a handful of these had previously been found to exhibit maser emission at the 107.0- or 156.6-GHz transition. The present survey increases the number of known 107.0-GHz masers to 25, providing a sufficiently large sample to assess their general properties. For the stronger ones, our position measurements confirm that, to an accuracy of 5arcsec, they coincide with the dominant maser emission at 6.6GHz. Intensity variations exceeding 50 per cent have occurred in some 107.0-GHz maser features that we observed in both 1996 October and 1998 June.

We find that masers are rare at the 156.6-GHz transition. Two new detections increase the total now known to four. Each 156.6-GHz maser is substantially weaker than its corresponding 107.0-GHz maser. Despite the scarcity of masers, our 156.6-GHz spectra at most observed sites show emission, but apparently of a quasi-thermal variety; it is usually accompanied by somewhat weaker thermal emission at 107.0GHz, and the intensity ratio of the transitions allows us to begin exploration of the physical characteristics of the small molecular clouds (diameter less than 60mpc) at these sites. The thermal emission thus provides estimates of the environmental conditions that are needed to support strong masing from spots that are apparently embedded within these clouds.

Abstract Copyright: 2000, Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): masers - stars: formation - Hii regions - ISM: molecules - radio lines: ISM

Nomenclature: Table 1: Caswell CH3OH LLL.lll+BB.bbb N=26 new.

Simbad objects: 92

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