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2000ApJS..129..399V - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 129, 399-420 (2000/July-0)

An IUE atlas of Pre-Main-Sequence stars. I. Co-added final archive spectra from the SWP camera.


Abstract (from CDS):

We have identified 50 T Tauri stars (TTS) and 74 Herbig Ae/Be (HAEBE) stars observed in the IUE short-wavelength bandpass (1150-1980 Å). Each low-resolution (R∼6 Å) spectrum was visually inspected for source contamination and data quality, and then all good spectra were combined to form a single time-averaged spectrum for each star. Use of IUE Final Archive spectra processed with NEWSIPS reduces fixed pattern noise in individual spectra, allowing significant signal-to-noise ratio gains in our co-added spectra. For the TTS observed by IUE, we measured fluxes and uncertainties for 17 spectral features, including two continuum windows and four fluoresced H2 complexes. Thirteen of the 32 accreting TTS observed by IUE have detectable H2 emission, which until now had been reported only for T Tau. Using an empirical correlation between H2 and C IV line flux, we show that lack of sensitivity can account for practically all nondetections, suggesting that H2 fluorescence may be intrinsically strong in all accreting TTS systems. Comparison of IUE and GHRS spectra of T Tau show extended emission primarily, but not exclusively, in lines of H2. We also fit reddened main-sequence templates to 72 HAEBE stars, determining extinction and checking spectral types. Several of the HAEBE stars could not be fitted well or yielded implausibly low extinctions, suggesting the presence of a minority emission component hotter than the stellar photosphere, perhaps caused by white dwarf companions or heating in accretion shocks. We identified broad wavelength intervals in the far-UV that contain circumstellar absorption features ubiquitous in B5-A4 HAEBE stars, declining in prominence for earlier spectral types, perhaps caused by increasing ionization of metal resonance lines. For 61 HAEBE stars, we measured or set upper limits on a depth index that characterizes the strength of circumstellar absorption and compared this depth index with published IR properties.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Accretion, Accretion Disks - Atlases - Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence - Ultraviolet: Stars

Simbad objects: 184

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