Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 128, 491-509 (2000/June-0)
A study of the populations of X-ray sources in the Small Magellanic Cloud with ASCA.
YOKOGAWA J., IMANISHI K., TSUJIMOTO M., NISHIUCHI M., KOYAMA K., NAGASE F. and CORBET R.H.D.
Abstract (from CDS):
The Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA) has made multiple observations of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). X-ray mosaic images in the soft (0.7-2.0 keV) and hard (2.0-7.0 keV) bands are separately constructed, and the latter provides the first hard X-ray view of the SMC. We extract 39 sources from the two-band images with a criterion of S/N > 5 and conduct timing and spectral analyses for all of these sources. Coherent pulsations are detected from 12 X-ray sources, five of which are new discoveries. Most of the 12 X-ray pulsars are found to exhibit long-term flux variabilities; hence they are likely to be X-ray binary pulsars (XBPs). On the other hand, we classify four supernova remnants (SNRs) as thermal SNRs, because their spectra exhibit emission lines from highly ionized atoms. We find that XBPs and thermal SNRs in the SMC can be clearly separated by their hardness ratio (the ratio of the count rate between the hard and soft bands). Using this empirical grouping, we find many XBP candidates in the SMC, although no pulsations have yet been detected from these sources. Possible implications on the star formation history and evolution of the SMC are presented by a comparison of the source populations in the SMC and our Galaxy.
Galaxies: Evolution - galaxies: individual (SMC, LMC) - Stars: Pulsars: General - X-Rays: Stars
Table 2: [YIT2000] NN (Nos 1-39).
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