SIMBAD references

2000ApJ...536..831V - Astrophys. J., 536, 831-844 (2000/June-3)

Infrared properties of molecular cirrus. II. Cloud-to-Cloud variations in graphite and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content.


Abstract (from CDS):

We have conducted a photometric survey of translucent molecular clouds in the four IRAS wave bands. We find notable cloud-to-cloud variations in mid-IR emission, with the ratio I12/I25 varying by up to 1 order of magnitude and often above unity. Because the clouds in our sample are nearby and translucent, the cloud heating is well constrained, so that the observed differences in infrared emission must represent differences in grain content.

We show from first principles that a dust model containing only two components, Mathis-Rumpl-Nordsieck (MRN) grains in thermal equilibrium and very small grains undergoing stochastic heating, can never produce I12/I25≥1 under the conditions that prevail in the cloudy interstellar medium.

We fit the clouds in this sample with a three-component model which contains continuum emission from both MRN grains and very small graphite grains, plus emission features from a mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). The cloud-to-cloud variations in mid-IR emission require significant differences in their composition of small grains and PAH molecules. Models which describe the formation and evolution of these particles in the interstellar medium must explain the presence of these variations in a cloud sample which is located in the solar neighborhood.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: Dust, Extinction - ISM: Clouds - ISM: Molecules

Simbad objects: 16

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