Astron. J., 120, 447-472 (2000/July-0)
67 additional L dwarfs discovered by the Two Micron All Sky Survey.
KIRKPATRICK J.D., REID I.N., LIEBERT J., GIZIS J.E., BURGASSER A.J., MONET D.G., DAHN C.C., NELSON B. and WILLIAMS R.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present JHKs photometry, far red spectra, and spectral classifications for an additional 67 L dwarfs discovered by the Two Micron All Sky Survey. One of the goals of this new search was to locate more examples of the latest L dwarfs. Of the 67 new discoveries, 17 have types of L6 or later. Analysis of these new discoveries shows that Hα emission has yet to be convincingly detected in any L dwarf later than type L4.5, indicating a decline or absence of chromospheric activity in the latest L dwarfs. Further analysis shows that 16 (and possibly four more) of the new L dwarfs are lithium brown dwarfs and that the average line strength for those L dwarfs showing lithium increases until type ∼L6.5 V, then declines for later types. This disappearance may be the first sign of depletion of atomic lithium as it begins to form into lithium-bearing molecules. Another goal of the search was to locate nearer, brighter L dwarfs of all subtypes. Using absolute magnitudes for 17 L dwarf systems with trigonometric parallax measurements, we develop spectrophotometric relations to estimate distances to the other L dwarfs. Of the 67 new discoveries, 21 have photometric distances placing them within 25 pc of the Sun. A table of all known L and T dwarfs believed to lie within 25 pc–53 in total – is also presented. Using the distance measurement of the coolest L dwarf known, we calculate that the gap in temperature between L8 and the warmest known T dwarfs is less than 350 K and probably much less. If the transition region between the two classes spans a very small temperature interval, this would explain why no transition objects have yet been uncovered. This evidence, combined with model fits to low-resolution spectra of late M and early L dwarfs, indicates that L-class objects span the range 1300 K≲Teff≲2000 K. The near-infrared color-color diagram shows that L dwarfs fall along a natural, redder extension of the well-known M dwarf track. These near-infrared colors get progressively redder for later spectral types, with the L dwarf sequence abruptly ending near (J-H, H-Ks, J-Ks)~(1.3,0.8,2.1).
Infrared Radiation - Stars: Atmospheres - Stars: Distances - Stars: Fundamental Parameters - Stars: Low-Mass, Brown Dwarfs
SDSS 1624+0029 = SDSS J162414.37+002915.6
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