SIMBAD references

1999MNRAS.310..210S - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 310, 210-222 (1999/November-3)

The stellar composition of the star formation region CMa R1 - I. Results from new photometric and spectroscopic classifications.


Abstract (from CDS):

A new photometric and spectroscopic survey of the star formation region (SFR) CMa R1 is described. In a sample of 165 stars brighter than 13th mag, 88 stars were found to be probable members of the SFR. They are defined as early-type stars with E(B-V){ges}0.16mag, which corresponds to a distance of about 1kpc. 74 of the probable members are B stars. 19 stars are possibly associated with an IRAS point source. We derive a most probable distance of 1050±150pc to the association. It appears that about 80 candidate members are pre-main-sequence stars with ages lower than 6 million years, while the main sequence extends over 6.0-7.6mag, which is consistent with star formation starting about 8 million years ago and continuing until at least half a million years ago. Two bright B stars in the association (GU CMa and FZ CMa) seem to be much older and probably do not originate from the same star formation episode. The star formation efficiency appears to increase roughly monotonically with time up to half a million years ago. From our data, we conclude that only a minor fraction of the stars has been created through the scenario suggested by Herbst & Assousa, in which the members of CMa R1 form by compression of ambient material by a supernova shock wave. An extensive search for candidate members with Hα emission did not reveal new Herbig Ae/Be candidates, so that the number of stars in this class seems to be limited to four: Z CMa, LkHα 218, LkHα 220 and possibly HD 53367.

Abstract Copyright: 1999, Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): circumstellar matter - stars: early-type - stars: evolution - stars: formation - stars: pre-main-sequence - open clusters and associations: individual: CMa R1

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/310/210): table1 notes + MPG (Animations of association evolut ion)>

Nomenclature: Table 1: [SEI99] NNN (Nos 1-165).

Simbad objects: 169

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