Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 136, 539-569 (1999/May-1)
HI-rich dwarf galaxies in the Hydra I cluster. I. Photometric and HI data.
DUC P.-A., PAPADEROS P., BALKOWSKI C., CAYATTE V., THUAN T.X. and VAN DRIEL W.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present HI, optical and near-infrared photometric data of a sample of HI-selected dwarf galaxy candidates in the Hydra I cluster. This database has been compiled in order to study environmental effects on dwarf galaxies in clusters, in particular the role of interactions between them and either the intracluster-medium or companion galaxies, hitherto studied mainly in massive galaxies. The atomic gas is supposed to be very sensitive to any external perturbation, as it is more extended than the stellar disk especially in the case of dwarf star-forming galaxies. In that respect, the discovery of a large number of HI sources presumably associated with dwarf galaxies in a complete VLA survey of the Hydra I cluster by McMahon (1993, Ph.D. thesis. Columbia University) is intriguing since low-mass clouds might be very fragile in a cluster environment. In order to understand the origin and survival of these HI sources, we have carried out a multi-wavelength analysis of their host galaxies, which were all selected on 21 cm HI line widths smaller than 130km/s. Sixteen out of the 20 candidates in the initial VLA sample have been reobserved with much higher velocity resolution at Nancay. The HI detection has been confirmed for all of them. From the combined HI and optical data, 15 objects turn out to be true dwarf galaxies; for one HI source no optical counterpart was found, and the remaining 4 galaxies are in fact face-on spirals that were therefore rejected in our final analysis. The HI-selected dwarf galaxies show a large diversity in their morphologies and surface brightness profiles. They range from blue compact objects to red low surface brightness galaxies.
galaxies: ISM - galaxies: photometry - galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: clusters: Hydra I cluster - radio lines: galaxies
Table 1: [DPB99] AHHMM+DDMM N=20. Text: [DPB99] AHHMM+DDMM GN N=7.
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