SIMBAD references

1996NewA....1..271K - New Astronomy, 1, 271-297 (1996/November-0)

Molecular hydrogen in the central regions of southern infrared galaxies.


Abstract (from CDS):

<P>An extensive set of molecular hydrogen observations of centers of southern infrared galaxies is presented. Our data are combined with published infrared and radio observations to investigate the relationship between nuclear and circumnuclear activity. We convert the observational data to absolute luminosities, by applying the known distances. The resulting dataset covers several decades in luminosity for the various parameters, which observe fairly tight correlations. The parameters of our (power law) fits are, at the level of accuracy achieved, not dependent on the type of nuclear activity: while the dataset comprises a mixture of alleged Seyfert, Liner & starburst galaxies, single fits match the complete sample well enough. In particular, non-thermal nuclei (AGN) present in some of the galaxies in the current sample, do not stand out in the parameters we investigated. The absence of a significant dependence on the nuclear type is consistent with the idea that the ever present starbursts energetically dominate a possible `AGN in a dusty environment'-component in most galaxy nuclei with infrared excesses.</P><P>The size of the H_2 emitting region is found to be proportional to the square root of the 21 cm radio continuum luminosity. The excitation of the circumnuclear H_2 is dominated by shocks. If the H_2 extent marks the size of an inner cavity in the dense molecular material surrounding a galaxy nucleus and the radio luminosity is proportional to the mechanical luminosity of (circum)nuclear winds. This result then indicates that the cavity size occurs at constant pressure in the sample galaxies, in accordance with the superwind model by Heckman et al. (1990) [ApJS, 74, 833]. Our results, together with those obtained by others, thus suggest that luminosities and size scales of excited gas associated with active nuclei are dominated by the mechanical energy input. Given the difficulties of uniquely establishing the presence of an AGN, we cannot exclude that (a large fraction of the) infrared luminous galaxies procure part of their radiated energy through accretion onto a massive dark object.</P>

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxies: active - Galaxies: ISM - Galaxies: nuclei - Galaxies: starburst - Infrared: ISM: lines and bands

CDS comments: Table 1 : Tol 1924 truncated designation for ???

Simbad objects: 48

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