1996A&A...309..827S


Query : 1996A&A...309..827S

1996A&A...309..827S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 309, 827-839 (1996/5-3)

An evolutionary diagram for young stellar objects.

SARACENO P., ANDRE P., CECCARELLI C., GRIFFIN M. and MOLINARI S.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present 1.3mm continuum observations of a sample of Class I and Class 0 young stellar objects in nearby star-forming regions, with and without known outflow activity. The observations are considered together with published data on similar objects, and compared with more evolved T Tauri and Herbig Ae/Be stars. The photometric observations are shown on a bolometric luminosity vs. millimeter flux scaled at a distance D (Lbol vs. FmmD) diagram. We show that the objects of the sample lie in different areas of the Lbol-FmmD diagram according to their evolutionary status and outflow activity. General argument and simple model evolutionary tracks allow us to identify an evolutionary sequence on the Lbol-FmmD diagram which agrees with the observational data. All the youngest objects of our sample show outflow activity. Class I sources seem to excite outflows with dynamical times greater than >104 years and show a correlation between the bolometric luminosity and the millimeter continuum flux, which we call the "Outflow Strip": this correlation spans more than three orders of magnitude in luminosity. We suggest that the Outflow Strip originates in the deuterium burning process and that the protostars burn the majority of their deuterium while on the Outflow Strip. There is also good evidence that at the end of their lifetime on the Outflow Strip, the embedded outflow sources become visible Pre Main Sequence (hereafter PMS) stars with outflows. The outflow mechanical luminosity is also found to be better correlated to the mass of the disk/envelope system than to the central object luminosity.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars:pre-main-sequence - stars: circumstellar matter - interstellar medium: dust - stars: mass loss - radio continuum: stars

CDS comments: Objects IRS 32 in CrA, and IRS in Vela not in SIMBAD

Simbad objects: 106

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Number of rows : 106
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 LDN 1448 DNe 03 22.5 +30 35           ~ 498 0
2 LDN 1448NA smm 03 25 36.49 +30 45 22.2           ~ 180 1
3 IRAS 03225+3034 IR 03 25 36.49 +30 45 22.2           ~ 156 1
4 SSTc2d J032536.4+304522 Y*O 03 25 36.49 +30 45 22.2           ~ 193 1
5 NAME LDN 1455 IRS 1 cor 03 27 39.08 +30 13 03.1           ~ 151 0
6 LDN 1455 DNe 03 28 00.6480 +30 07 58.800           ~ 179 1
7 IRAS 03255+3103 Y*O 03 28 37.06800 +31 13 31.0044           ~ 83 1
8 IRAS 03258+3104 Y*O 03 28 55.30 +31 14 27.8           ~ 163 1
9 [JCC87] IRAS 2A Y*O 03 28 55.55 +31 14 36.7           ~ 433 3
10 ASR 114 Y*O 03 29 01.16520 +31 20 24.4140           ~ 73 1
11 V* V512 Per Or* 03 29 03.7578170808 +31 16 03.947525688           ~ 369 0
12 [JCC87] IRAS 4A Y*O 03 29 10.49 +31 13 30.8           ~ 674 1
13 [JCC87] IRAS 4 FIR 03 29 10.9 +31 13 26           ~ 473 0
14 NGC 1333 OpC 03 29 11 +31 18.6           ~ 1337 1
15 [JCC87] IRAS 4B Y*O 03 29 12.058 +31 13 02.05           ~ 584 0
16 LDN 1489 DNe 04 04 47.5 +26 19 42           ~ 213 0
17 IRAS 04108+2803 mul 04 13 54.9 +28 11 31           ~ 90 1
18 NAME [BM89] L1495 PoC 04 14 08.2 +28 09 31           ~ 170 0
19 IRAS 04113+2758 ** 04 14 26.31 +28 06 04.5           ~ 58 0
20 LDN 1495 DNe 04 18.1 +27 37           ~ 333 1
21 IRAS 04166+2706 Y*O 04 19 42.62736 +27 13 38.4312           ~ 124 0
22 IRAS 04169+2702 Y*O 04 19 58.44936 +27 09 57.0672           K0-M4 109 1
23 IRAS 04181+2655 mul 04 21 10.9 +27 02 06           ~ 51 0
24 IRAS 04191+1523 Y*O 04 22 00.43944 +15 30 21.2148           ~ 195 0
25 IRAS 04239+2436 Y*O 04 26 56.29704 +24 43 35.3280           ~ 152 0
26 IRAS 04248+2612 Y*O 04 27 57.3239527944 +26 19 18.033264696           M 147 0
27 RAFGL 5123 Y*O 04 31 34.07736 +18 08 04.9020           K3V/M3III 837 0
28 V* HL Tau Or* 04 31 38.5107609312 +18 13 57.859747968   15.89 14.49 14.39   K5 1337 0
29 IRAS 04287+1807 mul 04 31 38.8 +18 13 57           ~ 796 0
30 2MASS J04314444+1808315 Y*O 04 31 44.44680 +18 08 31.5384           ~ 163 0
31 IRAS 04295+2251 Y*O 04 32 32.05488 +22 57 26.6724           K0-M4 91 0
32 IRAS 04302+2247 Y*O 04 33 16.50096 +22 53 20.4000           ~ 157 0
33 IRAS 04325+2402 Y*O 04 35 35.39160 +24 08 19.4244           ~ 155 0
34 IRAS 04361+2547 Y*O 04 39 13.89288 +25 53 20.8788           ~ 190 1
35 LDN 1527 DNe 04 39 53 +25 45.0           ~ 567 0
36 TMC-1 MoC 04 41 45.9 +25 41 27           ~ 1536 0
37 LDN 1534 DNe 04 41 46 +25 41.4           ~ 45 0
38 NAME RNO 43 FIR HH 05 32 23.0 +12 49 54           ~ 46 0
39 IRAS 05335-0645 IR 05 35 57.0 -06 43 41           ~ 17 0
40 NAME LDN 1641 North HII 05 36 17.6 -06 22 10           ~ 230 0
41 EM* StHA 49 Em* 05 36 20.275 -06 45 06.78     15     ~ 27 0
42 GBS-VLA J053622.86-064606.6 Y*O 05 36 22.84 -06 46 06.2           ~ 103 0
43 IRAS 05339-0646 Y*O 05 36 25.1310460128 -06 44 41.842301532     18.160   14.634 K4.5 57 0
44 IRAS 05339-0626 * 05 36 25.50 -06 25 01.9           ~ 30 0
45 NAME V380 Ori-NE * 05 36 40.6 -06 38 03           ~ 38 0
46 HH 43 HH 05 38 10.4 -07 09 25           ~ 100 0
47 NAME LDN 1641 S3 HII 05 39 56.1 -07 30 26           ~ 64 0
48 IRAS F05379-0758 mul 05 40 20.5 -07 56 32           ~ 14 0
49 RAFGL 5163 Y*O 05 40 27.45024 -07 27 30.0564           ~ 132 1
50 NAME LDN 1641 South DNe 05 40 27.6 -07 27 28           ~ 56 1
51 NAME LDN 1641 S4 mul 05 40 48.8 -08 06 51           ~ 42 0
52 NAME Horsehead Nebula DNe 05 40 59.0 -02 27 30           ~ 483 0
53 IRAS 05389-0756 * 05 41 23.8 -07 55 13           ~ 20 0
54 LDN 1594 Cld 05 44 29.8 +09 08 54           ~ 77 0
55 LDN 1630 DNe 05 45.5 -00 59           ~ 371 0
56 IRAS 05435-0015 Y*O 05 46 04.775 -00 14 16.51           ~ 65 0
57 IRAS 05435-0011 Y*O 05 46 08.45544 -00 10 02.9568           ~ 80 0
58 HH 24 HH 05 46 09 -00 10.2           ~ 158 1
59 HH 111 HH 05 51 44.2 +02 48 34           ~ 399 0
60 IRAS 06382+1017 Y*O 06 41 02.660 +10 15 01.91           ~ 49 0
61 NAME HH 46-47 HH 08 25 43.6 -51 00 36           ~ 189 2
62 HH 50 HH 11 05 49.6 -77 33 10           ~ 31 0
63 HH 49 HH 11 06 00.05 -77 33 36.0           ~ 34 0
64 IRAS 11051-7706 Y*O 11 06 46.025 -77 22 29.67           ~ 73 0
65 [PMG2001] NIR 76 Y*? 11 06 46.580 -77 22 32.56           ~ 55 0
66 NAME Cha 1 MoC 11 06 48 -77 18.0           ~ 1070 1
67 NAME Cha IR Nebula TT* 11 08 38.702 -77 43 51.54           M5.5 72 0
68 NAME VLA 1623-243 Y*O 16 26 26.42 -24 24 30.0           ~ 395 0
69 [SSG2006] MMS002 smm 16 26 26.50 -24 24 30.9           ~ 241 0
70 VSSG 30 Y*O 16 26 44.19504 -24 34 48.3492           ~ 132 0
71 WL 22 TT* 16 26 59.16720 -24 34 58.8072           ~ 64 0
72 WL 16 Y*O 16 27 02.33520 -24 37 27.2316           A0-F3 155 0
73 Elia 2-29 Y*O 16 27 09.43032 -24 37 18.7716           ~ 276 1
74 WL 19 Y*O 16 27 11.71416 -24 38 32.0604           ~ 68 0
75 WL 20 Y*O 16 27 15.69840 -24 38 43.4364           ~ 78 0
76 NAME WL 20E Y*O 16 27 15.8951829912 -24 38 43.788560604           ~ 71 0
77 YLW 12A Y*O 16 27 17.57160 -24 28 56.2944           ~ 66 0
78 WL 6 Y*O 16 27 21.80448 -24 29 53.3616           ~ 113 0
79 YLW 15 Y*O 16 27 26.93640 -24 40 50.8224           ~ 252 1
80 YLW 16A Y*O 16 27 28.02744 -24 39 33.5052           K8 189 0
81 IRAS 16245-2423 TT* 16 27 37.1906433768 -24 30 35.025246828       16.66 14.67 B5-F2 265 0
82 YLW 52 Y*O 16 27 51.80472 -24 31 45.5304           ~ 67 0
83 LDN 1709B DNe 16 31 53.2 -23 57 35           ~ 28 0
84 IRAS 16293-2422 cor 16 32 22.56 -24 28 31.8           ~ 1170 1
85 LDN 43 DNe 16 34 29.3 -15 47 11           ~ 139 1
86 HBC 650 TT* 16 34 29.32 -15 47 01.4           K3.0 170 2
87 LDN 260 DNe 16 46 58.2 -09 36 20           ~ 41 0
88 2MASS J16465826-0935197 Y*O 16 46 58.2599324664 -09 35 20.090942592   19.6 17.4     ~ 32 0
89 IRAS 16445-1352 FIR 16 47 23.2 -13 57 21           ~ 10 0
90 LDN 158 DNe 16 47 50 -14 05.3           ~ 32 0
91 NAME LDN 483 FIR Y*O 18 17 29.8 -04 39 38           ~ 65 0
92 LDN 483 DNe 18 17 35 -04 39.8           ~ 267 0
93 [TS84] IRS 2 Y*O 19 01 41.569 -36 58 31.23           K2 81 0
94 2MASS J19014805-3657219 Y*O 19 01 48.056 -36 57 21.95           ~ 99 0
95 V* V710 CrA Or* 19 01 50.67792 -36 58 09.6132           K7: 120 0
96 2MASS J19015545-3657231 Y*O 19 01 55.460 -36 57 23.13           ~ 92 2
97 LDN 723 DNe 19 18 12 +19 13.6           ~ 153 0
98 LDN 663 DNe 19 36 55 +07 34.4           ~ 604 0
99 NAME [BM89] L1082C DNe 20 51 27.4 +60 19 00           ~ 33 0
100 LDN 1082A DNe 20 53 29.6 +60 14 40           ~ 42 1
101 LDN 970 DNe 21 12 13.1 +47 23 23           ~ 67 0
102 IRAS 21106+4712 mul 21 12 26.2 +47 24 24           ~ 19 0
103 NAME IC 1396 North CGb 21 40 42.6537 +58 16 01.882           ~ 185 1
104 NAME NGC 7129 FIR 2 IR 21 44 01.5 +66 03 40           ~ 93 0
105 IRAS 22451+6154 * 22 47 02.1 +62 10 11           B 20 0
106 PSCz Q23238+7401 Y*O 23 25 46.65 +74 17 37.2           ~ 54 1

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2022.08.08-03:07:35

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