3C 459

Query : 3C 459

Basic data :
2C 1883 -- Seyfert 2 Galaxy
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
Sy2 (), Rad (2C,BWE,...), QSO (QSO,[VV2000],...), IR (IRAS,PSCz,...), G (LEDA,QDOT), AGN ([HB91]), * (Gaia)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
23 16 35.1933566880 +04 05 18.297101076 (Optical) [ 0.2566 0.2023 90 ] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
23 14 02.3179633351 +03 48 55.031651566 [ 0.2566 0.2023 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
083.0396026685673 -51.2848695677543 [ 0.2566 0.2023 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
0.607 0.033 [0.339 0.245 90] A 2020yCat.1350....0G
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 58840 [~] / z(spectroscopic) 0.2200 [~] / cz 65954 [~]
   (Opt) D 2011MNRAS.414..500H
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (5) :
B 17.54 [~] D 2010A&A...518A..10V
V 16.68 [~] D 2010A&A...518A..10V
R 17.220 [~] D 2010ApJ...712..303C
G 18.751303 [0.004679] C 2020yCat.1350....0G
K 13.991 [~] D 2010ApJ...712..303C
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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sedIcon
within arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
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Some important notes on this object about identifications and objects associations.
notes:


The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (57) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

2C 1883 IRAS F23140+0348 PKS 2314+03 [GR92] 2314+038
BWE 2314+0348 IVS B2314+038 PKS J2316+0405 [HB91] 2314+038
3C 459 1Jy 2314+03 PMN J2316+0405 [RMW96] 3C 459 2
3C 459.0 1Jy 2314+038 PSCz Q23140+0348 [VV2000] J231635.2+040518
4C 03.57 LEDA 70899 QDOT B2314022+034858 [VV2003] J231635.2+040518
6C 2314+0348 MITG J231635+0405 QSO B2314+0348 [VV2006] J231635.2+040518
3CR 459 MRC 2314+038 QSO B2314+038 [VV2010] J231635.2+040518
CTA 104 MSH 23+0-05 RORF 2314+038 [VV96] J231635.2+040518
Cul 2314+038 NAICGB 2314+038 S2 2314+03 [VV98] J231635.2+040518
DA 598 NAIC 2314+038 TXS 2314+038 [VYP98] 2314+038
GB6 B2314+0348 NRAO 709 UT 2314+038 Gaia DR2 2659277212327218944
87GB 231403.6+034841 NVSS J231635+040517 VLSS J2316.5+0405 Gaia DR3 2659277212327218944
GRA B2314+03 OHIO Z 024 WB 2314+0348
IERS B2314+038 PKS 2314+038 [CAB95] IRAS F23140+0348
IRAS 23140+0348 PKS 2313+03 [DML87] 733

References (286 between 1850 and 2022) (Total 286)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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                Reference summaries :

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Collections of Measurements


velocities : 5    PM : 2   

   

Observing logs


herschel : 3    ISO : 6   

   


External archives :

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : 3C 459

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

BWE 2314+0348 3C 459 3C 459.0 4C 03.57 3CR 459
IERS B2314+038 IRAS 23140+0348 IRAS F23140+0348 MITG J231635+0405 NVSS J231635+040517
PKS 2314+038 PKS 2313+03 PKS 2314+03 PKS J2316+0405 PMN J2316+0405
[DML87] 733 Gaia DR2 2659277212327218944

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Annotations :
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Please, have a look at Best practices. The list of all annotations to SIMBAD objects can be found here .

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2022.10.02-01:58:41

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