Measuring the ultimate halo mass of galaxy clusters: redshifts and mass profiles from the Hectospec Cluster Survey (HeCS).
RINES K., GELLER M.J., DIAFERIO A. and KURTZ M.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
The infall regions of galaxy clusters represent the largest gravitationally bound structures in a ΛCDM universe. Measuring cluster mass profiles into the infall regions provides an estimate of the ultimate mass of these halos. We use the caustic technique to measure cluster mass profiles from galaxy redshifts obtained with the Hectospec Cluster Survey (HeCS), an extensive spectroscopic survey of galaxy clusters with MMT/Hectospec. We survey 58 clusters selected by X-ray flux at 0.1 < z < 0.3. The survey includes 22,680 unique MMT/Hectospec redshifts for individual galaxies; 10,145 of these galaxies are cluster members. For each cluster, we acquired high signal-to-noise spectra for ∼200 cluster members and a comparable number of foreground/background galaxies. The cluster members trace out infall patterns around the clusters. The members define a very narrow red sequence. We demonstrate that the determination of velocity dispersion is insensitive to the inclusion of bluer members (a small fraction of the cluster population). We apply the caustic technique to define membership and estimate the mass profiles to large radii. The ultimate halo mass of clusters (the mass that remains bound in the far future of a ΛCDM universe) is on average (1.99±0.11)M200, a new observational cosmological test in essential agreement with simulations. Summed profiles binned in M200 and in LXdemonstrate that the predicted Navarro-Frenk-White form of the density profile is a remarkably good representation of the data in agreement with weak lensing results extending to large radius. The concentration of these summed profiles is also consistent with theoretical predictions.
cosmology: observations - galaxies: clusters: general - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/767/15): table1.dat table2.dat table3.dat>