Astrophys. J., 835, 212-212 (2017/February-1)
To the edge of M87 and beyond: spectroscopy of intracluster globular clusters and ultracompact dwarfs in the Virgo cluster.
KO Y., HWANG H.S., LEE M.G., PARK H.S., LIM S., SOHN J., JANG I.S., HWANG N. and PARK B.-G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the results of a wide-field spectroscopic survey of globular clusters (GCs) in the Virgo cluster. We obtain spectra for 201 GCs and 55 ultracompact dwarfs (UCDs) using Hectospec on the Multiple-Mirror Telescope and derive their radial velocities. We identify 46 genuine intracluster GCs (IGCs), not associated with any Virgo galaxies, using the 3D GMM test on the spatial and radial velocity distribution. They are located at a projected distance 200 kpc <= R <= 500 kpc from the center of M87. The radial velocity distribution of these IGCs shows two peaks, one at vr = 1023 km s–1, associated with the Virgo main body, and another at vr = 36 km s–1, associated with the infalling structure. The velocity dispersion of the IGCs in the Virgo main body is σGC ∼ 314 km s–1, which is smoothly connected to the velocity dispersion profile of M87 GCs but is much lower than that of dwarf galaxies in the same survey field, σdwarf ∼ 608 km s–1. The UCDs are more centrally concentrated on massive galaxies-M87, M86, and M84. The radial velocity dispersion of the UCD system is much smaller than that of dwarf galaxies. Our results confirm the large-scale distribution of Virgo IGCs indicated by previous photometric surveys. The color distribution of the confirmed IGCs shows a bimodality similar to that of M87 GCs. This indicates that most IGCs are stripped off dwarf galaxies and some off massive galaxies in the Virgo.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: clusters: individual: Virgo - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: individual: M87 - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - galaxies: star clusters: general - globular clusters: general - globular clusters: general
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/835/212): table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat>
Table 2: [KHL2017b] STARNNN (Nos 1-542), [KHL2017b] GALNN (Nos 1-93). Table 3: KHL2017b] GCNNN (Nos 1-201). Table 4: [KHL2017b] UCDNN (Nos 1-55).
Source M59-UCD3 is SDSS J124211.04+113841.2 and source M85-HCC1 is SDSS J122522.84+181053.6.
View the references in ADS