M 21 , the SIMBAD biblio

M 21 , the SIMBAD biblio (142 results) C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.8 - 2023.01.30CET06:01:35


Sort references on where and how often the object is cited
trying to find the most relevant references on this object.
More on score
Bibcode/DOI Score in Title|Abstract|
Keywords
in a table in teXt, Caption, ... Nb occurence Nb objects in ref Citations
(from ADS)
Title First 3 Authors
1850CDT..1784..227M 111 ~ Catalogue des nebuleuses et des amas d'etoiles. MESSIER C.
1937LicOB..18...89Z 26 1 Color excess in three open clusters in Sagittarius. ZUG R.S.
1949ApJ...110..117S 121 31 Interstellar calcium lines in the spectra of stars in open clusters. SANFORD R.F.
1951ApJ...113..624M 93 8 Spectroscopic observations of Be stars. MILLER W.C. and MERRILL P.W.
1961LowOB...5..133J 133 119 Galactic clusters as indicators of stellar evolution and galactic structure. JOHNSON H.L., HOAG A.A., IRIARTE B., et al.
1961PUSNO..17..343H 647 227 Photometry of stars in galactic cluster fields. HOAG A.A., JOHNSON H.L., IRIARTE B., et al.
1961VA......8..139H 59 2 Open cluster distance moduli. HOAG A.A.
1963CoBos..18....1P 11 0 Correction of background effect in photographic photometry. PURBOSISWOJO K.
1963ZA.....57..117B 156 148 Die raumliche Verteilung von 156 galaktischen Sternhaufen in Abhangikeit von ihrem Alter. BECKER W.
1965ApJS...12..215H 446 153 Distance moduli of open clusters. HOAG A.A. and APPLEQUIST N.L.
1966AN....289...51D 40 36 Die photometrische Genauigkeit des Palomar Sky Survey bei Anwendung der Durchmessermethode. DORSCHNER J., GURTLER J., SCHIELICKE R., et al.
1968ArA.....5....1L 178 97 The ages of open clusters. LINDOFF U.
1968PROE....6..181S 36 ~ Results of a search for globules in OB clusters and associations. SIM M.E.
1970PDDO....4....1H 190 56 An atlas of open cluster colour-magnitude diagrams. HAGEN G.
1971A&AS....4..241B 215 296 A catalogue of galactic star clusters observed in three colours. BECKER W. and FENKART R.
1973BICDS...4...22M 148 3 First supplement to the list of transit tables for star numbering in open clusters. MERMILLIOD J.C.
1976A&A....51..247B 42 25 Observational tests on star formation. I. Size variation of very young clusters through the galaxy. BURKI G. and MAEDER A.
1976ApJ...204..493S 55 73 A study of Be stars in clusters. SCHILD R. and ROMANISHIN W.
1976ApJS...30..451H 420 185 Evolved stars in open clusters. HARRIS G.L.H.
1977A&A....57..135B 28 55 Observational test on star formation. III. Variation of the upper mass spectrum with the size of very young clusters. BURKI G.
1981A&AS...44..467M 73 142 Comparative studies of young open clusters. II. A atlas of composite colour-magnitude diagrams. MERMILLIOD J.-C.
1981SvA....25...25S 15 8 The structure of star formation regions. III. Individual regions: spatial extent, mass, and age of SFR Sagittarius I. STAL'BOVSKII O.I. and SHEVCHENKO V.S.
1982ApJS...49..425J 454 193 Open clusters and galactic structure. JANES K. and ADLER D.
1982PASJ...34..231I 3 12 The interstellar extinction toward the Galactic Central Region. ICHIKAWA T., HAMAJIMA K., ISHIDA K., et al.
1983A&A...121..237B 71 29 The absolute masses of 72 galactic clusters and 12 OB associations. BRUCH A. and SANDERS W.L.
1984AISAO..18...64P 1026 15 Catalogue of eclipsing and spectroscopic binary stars in the region of open clusters. POPOVA M. and KRAICHEVA Z.
1984BICDS..26....9M viz 862 3 Bibliography of individual radial velocities for stars in open cluster. II. NGC and IC clusters. MERMILLIOD J.C.
1985AN....306...45S 178 11 Investigation of the initial mass spectrum of open star clusters. STECKLUM B.
1986A&A...158...45M 31 101 Evolution of massive stars: comparison of cluster sequences and models with mass loss. MERMILLIOD J.-C. and MAEDER A.
1986BICDS..31..175M 308 18 Catalogue of UBV photometry and MK spectral types in open clusters (Third edition). MERMILLIOD J.C.
1986IrAJ...17..477B 6 3 The chemical composition of young galactic clusters and associations. BROWN P.J.F.
1987A&A...176...34H 113 78 Kinematics of young open clusters and the rotation curve of our Galaxy. HRON J.
1987A&A...177..177G 17 40 The metal abundance of metal-rich globular clusters. IV. Oxygen abundances. GRATTON R.G.
1987AZh....64..965E 141 2 Cluster analysis of young open clusters. EJGENSON A.M. and YATSYK O.S.
1987PAZh...13..850U 10 1 The spiral structure of our galaxy from observations of the interstellar extinction. URASIN L.A.
1988AZh....65..330E 201 3 Cluster analysis of open clusters. EJGENSON A.M. and YATSYK O.S.
1988GriO...52d...2V 6 0 Barnard's dilemma. VERSCHUUR G.L.
1988NASAR1202....1L viz 131 0 Catalog of open clusters and associated interstellar matter. LEISAWITZ D.
1988PAZh...14..817E 390 14 Young star-gaseous complexes of the galaxy. EFREMOV Y.N. and SITNIK T.G.
1989Afz....31...37E 171 1 Component analysis of open clusters. EJGENSON A.M. and YATSYK O.S.
1990AGAb....4...32S 4 0 Chemical abundances in early-type stars. SZEIFERT T., JUTTNER A., STAHL O., et al.
1990PAZh...16..619K 17 0 On the problem of age and variations of the content in the galaxy disc. KLOCHKOVA V.G. and PANCHUK V.E.
1991ApJ...378..106A 84 41 Topography of the galactic disk: Z-structure and large-scale star formation. ALFARO E.J., CABRERA-CANO J. and DELGADO A.J.
1991MNRAS.249...76B 100 74 Formation and evolutionary properties of the galactic open cluster system. BATTINELLI P. and CAPUZZO-DOLCETTA R.
1991Ast....19g..74H 13 0 Journey to the center of the galaxy. HARRINGTON P.
1992MNRAS.259..489F 1 11 44 A comparison of oxygen and nitrogen abundances in young clusters and associations and in the interstellar gas. FITZSIMMONS A., DUFTON P.L. and ROLLESTON W.R.J.
1993AGAb....9..165K 8 1 The galactic abundance gradient. KAUFER A., KRENZIN R., SZEIFERT T., et al.
1994A&AS..104..379B viz 139 59 Integrated photometric properties of open clusters. BATTINELLI P., BRANDIMARTI A. and CAPUZZO-DOLCETTA R.
1994AJ....107..206R 71 T                   194 109 The integrated spectra of M21 and of 47 Tuc: a comparative study at high spectral resolution. ROSE J.A.
1994JRASC..88..176T 4 2 Demonstrating cluster main-sequence fitting to best advantage. TURNER D.G.
1995A&AS..109..375A viz 852 80 Catalogue of blue stragglers in open clusters. AHUMADA J. and LAPASSET E.
1995ApJ...444..663S 2 9 69 Noncoeval star formation, starbursts, and the growth of supershells in OB associations. SHULL J.M. and SAKEN J.M.
1995ApJS...96..605S viz 1280 5 Far-ultraviolet stellar photometry: fields in Sagittarius and Scorpius. SCHMIDT E.G. and CARRUTHERS G.R.
1995AZh....72..333D 79 0 Estimates of geometric and dynamic parameters of star-gas complexes in the Galaxy. DANILOV V.M. and SELEZNEV A.F.
1996AJ....112.1073F 72 T                   413 22 Star formation in NGC 6531 - Evidence from the age spread and initial mass function. FORBES D.
1996ApJS..104..101S viz 1759 7 Far-ultraviolet stellar photometry: fields centered on ρ Ophiuchi and the Galactic Center. SCHMIDT E.G. and CARRUTHERS G.R.
1997A&AS..123...63V viz 141 46 A multiwavelength study of star formation in the very young open cluster NGC 6530. VAN DEN ANCKER M.E., THE P.S., FEINSTEIN A., et al.
1997ApJ...481L..47S 2 21 146 The galactic oxygen abundance gradient. SMARTT S.J. and ROLLESTON W.R.J.
1997PAZh...23...90G viz 180 ~ Absolute proper motions of 181 young open clusters. GLUSHKOVA E.V., ZABOLOTSKIKH M.V., RASTORGUEV A.S., et al.
1998A&A...333..897R viz 495 83 Evolution of mass segregation in open clusters: some observational evidences. RABOUD D. and MERMILLIOD J.-C.
1998AJ....115..734S viz 867 77 UBVRI and H-alpha photometry of the young open cluster NGC 6231. SUNG H., BESSELL M.S. and LEE S.-W.
1998Ap.....41..261V 33 0 Corridors in the regions of young open stellar clusters. VARDANYAN R.A.
1999Obs...119...16S 6 5 Spectroscopic binary orbits from ultraviolet radial velocities. Paper 30: HD 164402. STICKLAND D.J. and LLOYD C.
1999AstL...25..595R viz 119 30 Statistical parallaxes and kinematical parameters of classical Cepheids and young star clusters. RASTORGUEV A.S., GLUSHKOVA E.V., DAMBIS A.K., et al.
1999RMxAC...8..107R 11 6 Mass segregation in very young open clusters. RABOUD D.
2000A&A...357..451F 47 77 On the evolutionary status of Be stars. FABREGAT J. and TORREJON J.M.
2000A&A...362..580V 23 9 The central part of the young open cluster NGC 6383. VAN DEN ANCKER M.E., THE P.S. and DE WINTER D.
2000A&A...363..537R 2 26 162 The Galactic metallicity gradient. ROLLESTON W.R.J., SMARTT S.J., DUFTON P.L., et al.
2000A&AS..146..251B viz 1360 75 Absolute proper motions of open clusters. I. Observational data. BAUMGARDT H., DETTBARN C. and WIELEN R.
2000ApJ...530..277E 9 14 391 Star formation in a crossing time. ELMEGREEN B.G.
2001MNRAS.324..367J 13 31 Young star clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud: NGC 1805 and 1818. JOHNSON R.A., BEAULIEU S.F., GILMORE G.F., et al.
2001AstL...27..728R 17 0 Estimation of errors in the distances to intrinsically reddened stars. RAZNIK R.M. and AGAFONOVA O.V.
2002A&A...381..884G viz 1584 14 NGC 2571: An intermediate-age open cluster with a white dwarf candidate. GIORGI E.E., VAZQUEZ R.A., BAUME G., et al.
2002A&A...383..153N 45 51 A study of spatial structure of galactic open star clusters. NILAKSHI, SAGAR R., PANDEY A.K., et al.
2002A&A...388..168D viz 96 46 Proper motions of open clusters based on the TYCHO2 Catalogue. II. Clusters farther than 1 kpc. DIAS W.S., LEPINE J.R.D. and ALESSI B.S.
2002S&T...103d..32F 115 0 Urban astronomy : observing the Messier objects from the city. FLANDERS T.
2003AJ....125.1397C viz 217 165 On the galactic disk metallicity distribution from open clusters. I. New catalogs and abundance gradient. CHEN L., HOU J.L. and WANG J.J.
2003PhR...382..303T 127 116 Supernova remnants and gamma-ray sources. TORRES D.F., ROMERO G.E., DAME T.M., et al.
2003RMxAA..39..171P 78 7 Ubvy beta photoelectric photometry of the open cluster NGC 6823. PENA J.H., GARCIA-COLE A., HOBART M.A., et al.
2003ARep...47....6L viz 387 27 Proper motions of open star clusters and the rotation rate of the galaxy. LOKTIN A.V. and BESHENOV G.V.
2004ApJ...616..283T 6 4 74 Ambipolar-diffusion timescale, star formation timescale, and the ages of molecular clouds: is there a discrepancy. TASSIS K. and MOUSCHOVIAS T.C.
2004AN....325..740K viz 15       D               629 67 Astrophysical supplements to the ASCC-2.5. II. Membership probabilities in 520 Galactic open cluster sky areas. KHARCHENKO N.V., PISKUNOV A.E., ROESER S., et al.
2004RvMP...76..125M 9 43 1220 Control of star formation by supersonic turbulence. MAC LOW M.-M. and KLESSEN R.S.
2005A&A...438.1163K viz 525 497 Astrophysical parameters of Galactic open clusters. KHARCHENKO N.V., PISKUNOV A.E., ROESER S., et al.
2005ApJS..161..118M viz 37   K     O           322 109 The evolutionary status of Be stars: results from a photometric study of southern open clusters. McSWAIN M.V. and GIES D.R.
2005MNRAS.357..345Z viz 296 17 Search for pulsating pre-main-sequence stars in NGC6383. ZWINTZ K., MARCONI M., REEGEN P., et al.
2005MNSSA..64..129S 19 0 Deepsky delights. STREICHER M.
2006A&A...446..949D viz 433 62 Proper motion determination of open clusters based on the UCAC2 catalogue. DIAS W.S., ASSAFIN M., FLORIO V., et al.
2006ApJ...641L.121T 4 16 137 Equilibrium star cluster formation. TAN J.C., KRUMHOLZ M.R. and McKEE C.F.
2006ChJAA...6..287Z 207 1 Kinematics of the open cluster system in the Galaxy. ZHAO J.-L., CHEN L. and ZU Z.-L.
1953MNRAS.113..758S 65 T                   1 10 2 A photographic survey of galactic clusters
NGC 6531, 6546, 6469, 6494, 6544, 7127, 7128.
SVOLOPOULOS S.N.
2007A&A...463..789A viz 15       D               528 45 New catalogue of blue stragglers in open clusters. AHUMADA J.A. and LAPASSET E.
2007A&A...468..151P viz 15       D               241 44 Towards absolute scales for the radii and masses of open clusters. PISKUNOV A.E., SCHILBACH E., KHARCHENKO N.V., et al.
2008A&A...477..165P viz 15       D               525 49 Tidal radii and masses of open clusters. PISKUNOV A.E., SCHILBACH E., KHARCHENKO N.V., et al.
2009A&A...495..807K viz 15       D               1 656 22 Shape parameters of galactic open clusters. KHARCHENKO N.V., BERCZIK P., PETROV M.I., et al.
2009AJ....138.1116S viz 76           X         2 47 44 A Spitzer view of the young open cluster NGC 2264. SUNG H., STAUFFER J.R. and BESSELL M.S.
2009A&A...504..681K viz 15       D               1 652 17 Integrated BVJHKs parameters and luminosity functions of 650 galactic open clusters. KHARCHENKO N.V., PISKUNOV A.E., ROESER S., et al.
2009MNRAS.399.2146W viz 15       D               1 490 32 The orbits of open clusters in the Galaxy. WU Z.-Y., ZHOU X., MA J., et al.
2010A&A...510A..72F 327       D     X C       8 23 203 Timescale of mass accretion in pre-main-sequence stars. FEDELE D., VAN DEN ANCKER M.E., HENNING T., et al.
2010MNRAS.407.2109V viz 15       D               1 490 ~ A kinematic study of open clusters: implications for their origin. VANDE PUTTE D., GARNIER T.P., FERRERAS I., et al.
2010A&A...524A..75A 40           X         1 27 114 A population of gamma-ray emitting globular clusters seen with the Fermi Large Area Telescope. ABDO A.A., ACKERMANN M., AJELLO M., et al.
2010JRASC.104..162G 20 0 HII regions in Sagittarius: the Lagoon and the Trifid. GARNER D.
2011JHA....42..177H 69 3 William Herschel and the nebulae, part 1: 1774-1784. HOSKIN M.
2012AJ....143....3D viz 39           X         1 121 4 The young cluster in IC 1274. DAHM S.E., HERBIG G.H. and BOWLER B.P.
2012MNRAS.421.3159M 289       D S   X   F     6 15 10 GSH 006-15+7: a local Galactic supershell featuring transition from H I emission to absorption. MOSS V.A., McCLURE-GRIFFITHS N.M., BRAUN R., et al.
2012AstL...38..506G viz 16       D               1 595 20 Heterogeneity of the population of open star clusters in the Galaxy. GOZHA M.L., BORKOVA T.V. and MARSAKOV V.A.
2013ApJ...762..123W viz 16       D               2 88 27 The Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury. IV. A probabilistic approach to inferring the high-mass stellar initial mass function and other power-law functions. WEISZ D.R., FOUESNEAU M., HOGG D.W., et al.
2013A&A...558A..53K viz 16       D               1 3011 230 Global survey of star clusters in the Milky Way. II. The catalogue of basic parameters. KHARCHENKO N.V., PISKUNOV A.E., SCHILBACH E., et al.
2013A&A...560A..76M viz 16       D               1 703 36 Stellar clusters in the inner Galaxy and their correlation with cold dust emission. MORALES E.F.E., WYROWSKI F., SCHULLER F., et al.
2014A&A...564A..79D viz 16       D               1 1797 66 Proper motions of the optically visible open clusters based on the UCAC4 catalog. DIAS W.S., MONTEIRO H., CAETANO T.C., et al.
2014PASP..126..398H viz 35       D               1 21 807 The K2 mission: characterization and early results. HOWELL S.B., SOBECK C., HAAS M., et al.
2014ApJ...796..127C viz 16       D               1 13968 19 A deep Spitzer survey of circumstellar disks in the young double cluster, h and χ Persei. CLOUTIER R., CURRIE T., RIEKE G.H., et al.
2015AJ....149....7C viz 16       D               1 271 28 High-resolution H-band spectroscopy of Be stars with SDSS-III/APOGEE: I. New Be stars, line identifications, and line profiles. CHOJNOWSKI S.D., WHELAN D.G., WISNIEWSKI J.P., et al.
2016A&A...585A.101K viz 16       D               1 3073 12 Global survey of star clusters in the Milky Way. V. Integrated JHKS magnitudes and luminosity functions. KHARCHENKO N.V., PISKUNOV A.E., SCHILBACH E., et al.
2016AstL...42..314G 43 2 T Tauri stars: Physical parameters and evolutionary status. GRANKIN K.N.
2016A&A...593A.116J viz 16       D               1 1182 19 Study of open clusters within 1.8 kpc and understanding the Galactic structure. JOSHI Y.C., DAMBIS A.K., PANDEY A.K., et al.
2016ApJ...831...32N 41           X         1 18 5 A study of the relation between star formation and molecular clumps on subparsec scales in 30 Doradus. NAYAK O., MEIXNER M., INDEBETOUW R., et al.
2017A&A...600A.106C viz 16       D               1 471 3 A RAVE investigation on Galactic open clusters. II. Open cluster pairs, groups and complexes. CONRAD C., SCHOLZ R.-D., KHARCHENKO N.V., et al.
2017MNRAS.470.3937S viz 16       D               1 1854 7 A multimembership catalogue for 1876 open clusters using UCAC4 data. SAMPEDRO L., DIAS W.S., ALFARO E.J., et al.
2017AstBu..72..257L viz 16       D               1 1048 2 Updated version of the `homogeneous catalog of open cluster parameters'. LOKTIN A.V. and POPOVA M.E.
2018MNRAS.473..849D viz 17       D               1 1278 7 Structure and mass segregation in Galactic stellar clusters. DIB S., SCHMEJA S. and PARKER R.J.
2018A&A...610A..30A viz 42           X         1 128 3 Open clusters. III. Fundamental parameters of B stars in NGC 6087, NGC 6250, NGC 6383, and NGC 6530 B-type stars with circumstellar envelopes. AIDELMAN Y., CIDALE L.S., ZOREC J., et al.
2018MNRAS.478.5184D viz 17       D               1 1115 2 Update of membership and mean proper motion of open clusters from UCAC5 catalogue. DIAS W.S., MONTEIRO H. and ASSAFIN M.
2018A&A...618A..93C viz 17       D               1 87619 120 A Gaia DR2 view of the open cluster population in the Milky Way. CANTAT-GAUDIN T., JORDI C., VALLENARI A., et al.
2019MNRAS.484.5102K viz 43           X         1 66 ~ Classical T-Tauri stars with VPHAS+: II: NGC 6383 in Sh 2-012. KALARI V.M.
2019A&A...623A..80C viz 60       D     X         2 1585 ~ Open clusters in APOGEE and GALAH. Combining Gaia and ground-based spectroscopic surveys. CARRERA R., BRAGAGLIA A., CANTAT-GAUDIN T., et al.
2019A&A...623A.108B viz 17       D               1 266 ~ Age determination for 269 Gaia DR2 open clusters. BOSSINI D., VALLENARI A., BRAGAGLIA A., et al.
2019ApJS..245...32L viz 17       D               1 1253 ~ A catalog of newly identified star clusters in Gaia DR2. LIU L. and PANG X.
2020ApJS..246...15S viz 44           X         1 1164 ~ A catalog of periodic variables in open clusters M35 and NGC 2158. SOARES-FURTADO M., HARTMAN J.D., BHATTI W., et al.
2020A&A...633A..99C viz 17       D               1 257582 ~ Clusters and mirages: cataloguing stellar aggregates in the Milky Way. CANTAT-GAUDIN T. and ANDERS F.
2020MNRAS.495.2882S viz 17       D               1 404 ~ A catalogue of open cluster radii determined from Gaia proper motions. SANCHEZ N., ALFARO E.J. and LOPEZ-MARTINEZ F.
2020A&A...640A...1C viz 17       D               1 235396 ~ Painting a portrait of the Galactic disc with its stellar clusters. CANTAT-GAUDIN T., ANDERS F., CASTRO-GINARD A., et al.
2021A&A...646A..98T 403           X         9 19 ~ The nature of VX Sagitarii. Is it a TZO, a RSG, or a high-mass AGB star? TABERNERO H.M., DORDA R., NEGUERUELA I., et al.
2021MNRAS.504..356D viz 18       D               1 1748 ~ Updated parameters of 1743 open clusters based on Gaia DR2. DIAS W.S., MONTEIRO H., MOITINHO A., et al.
2021ApJ...912....5H viz 18       D               1 269 ~ Deciphering star cluster evolution by shape morphology. HU Q., ZHANG Y., ESAMDIN A., et al.
2020PASJ...72..104T 44           X         1 50 ~ Radial-velocity search and statistical studies for short-period planets in the Pleiades open cluster. TAKARADA T., SATO B., OMIYA M., et al.
2021A&A...650A..67R viz 18       D               1 1427 ~ A new, Gaia-based, catalogue of blue straggler stars in open clusters. RAIN M.J., AHUMADA J.A. and CARRARO G.
2021A&A...651A.104P viz 18       D               1 1885 ~ Galactic spiral structure revealed by Gaia EDR3. POGGIO E., DRIMMEL R., CANTAT-GAUDIN T., et al.
2022MNRAS.509.4276F 112       D         F     2 117 ~ Gaia EDR3 bright star parallax zero-point using stellar clusters. FLYNN C., SEKHRI R., VENVILLE T., et al.
2021A&A...656A..49H viz 18       D               1 1256 ~ Decoding the morphological evolution of open clusters. HU Q., ZHANG Y. and ESAMDIN A.
2022A&A...664A..66M viz 112       D   O   C       4 21 ~ Gaia EDR3 comparative study of protoplanetary disk fractions in young stellar clusters. MENDIGUTIA I., SOLANO E., VIOQUE M., et al.
2022A&A...664A.175P viz 65       D     X         2 97 ~ Low-mass young stars in the Milky Way unveiled by DBSCAN and Gaia EDR3: Mapping the star forming regions within 1.5 kpc. PRISINZANO L., DAMIANI F., SCIORTINO S., et al.

goto View the references in ADSLimited to 100


2023.01.30-06:01:35

© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact